Jin (Chinese surname)
|Region of origin||China|
|Language(s) of origin||Chinese|
Jin is the Hanyu pinyin transliteration of a number of Chinese surnames. The most common one, Jin 金, literally means "gold" and is 29th in the list of "Hundred Family Surnames". The name is also used in Vietnam, Cambodia, Korea (Koreans romanize the name as Kim or Jin) and in Hong Kong, where it is written in Cantonese as Kam. As of 2006, it is ranked the 64th most common Chinese surname.
Jin is an ancient surname, dating back over 4,000 years. It was first mentioned during the period ruled by the Yellow Emperor, a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero, who is considered in Chinese mythology to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. The legend behind the Jin surname is as follows:
The Yellow Emperor's son, Yi Zhi (Shaohao), eventually succeeded him. On the same day he was installed as leader, a golden phoenix flew down and perched on top of a house exactly opposite of where he sat. His followers reckoned it was an auspicious beginning. They decided to use gold as the emblem of their tribe. Yi Zhi was retitled Jin Tian Shi ("golden skies") by his people, and headed the Jin Tian Tribe. Their settlement was located in Qufu (presently Qufu city in Shandong province). Yi Zhi died in 2515 BCE. Some of his descendants adopted Jin as their surnames and left off the words Tian Shi ("skies").
Origin of Surname Jin (金)
- Jin Wang Sun(金王孫) was the first husband of Empress Wang Zhi during the Han Dynasty.
- Jin Mi Di (金日磾) was with the Xiongnu people during the Han Dynasty and received the surname Jin(金) from Han Wu Di. His father, Xiutu (休屠) was a general-feudal lord during the Xiongnu Dynasty. Jin Xuan (金旋) and Jin Yi (金禕) were some of his descendants.
- Qiang people use the surnames Jin (金), Chang (羌), Gong (功), and Ju-Goo (俱).
- Some of Qian Liu's (錢鏐) descendents received the surname Jin(金).
- Jin was among the surnames granted to the Kaifeng Jews by an unnamed Song Dynasty emperor.
- During the Yuan Dynasty, Chinese Liu (劉) clan received the surname Jin (金), Jin Fu Xiang (金覆祥).
- Mongolian Ye(也) clan got surname Jin (金) at Ming Dynasty
- Taiwanese aborigines received surname Jin (金), Zhang, amongst others, during the Qing Dynasty.
- Aisin Gioro clan got the surname Jin (金), as "Aisin" means "gold" in Manchu language, following the fall of the Qing Dynasty.
- Jin uses the same character as the Korean surname, "Kim". Kim is Korea's most common surname and is also widely found amongst the ethnic Koreans in China.
Notables with the surname 金
- Jin Midi (金日磾)
- Jin Shengtan (金聖嘆) (born Jin Renrui 金人瑞)
- Jin Yuelin (金岳霖)
- Jin Di (金迪)
- Jin Jing (金晶)
- Jin Fengling (金鳳玲)
- Jin Jingdao (金敬道)
- Jin Liqun (金立群)
- Jin Xing (金星)
- Jin Li (金力)
- Jin Renqing (金人慶)
- Jin Yubo (金煜博)
- Jin Zhiyang (金志扬)
- Elaine Jin (金燕玲)
- Ha Jin (born Jin Xuefei 金雪飛)
- Jin Yali (金娅黎)
- Gyim, Kim in Middle Chinese
- Gam, Kam in Cantonese
- Jin, Chin in Beijing dialect
- Kim, Ghim, Cam in Vietnam, Cambodia
- Gim, Kim in Korea
Notables with the surname 靳
- Yue-Sai Kan (靳羽西)
Notables with the surname 晉
- Jin Xiaomei (晉小梅)
- Ronald Eng Young (1996–2009). "The Hundred Families Surnames". The Origin of Hundred Surnames (in English and Chinese). Ronald Eng Young. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- CHUNG Yoon-Ngan (13 September 1996). soc.culture.china "Chinese surname No.29 Jin (gold)". Google groups - soc.culture.china. Google. Retrieved 10 June 2012.