On 28 July 2012, Jin won the Gold medal in the men's 10 m air pistol at the 2012 Summer Olympics. On 5 August, he won the Gold medal in the men's 50 m pistol, becoming the first man to successfully defend the 50 metre pistol Olympic title. By doing so, Jin also became the first person to win the men's 10 metre air pistol and 50 metre pistol gold medals at the same Olympics and one of the five shooters to win two individual gold medals at one Olympics, being the first man to have done so since Otto Olsen of Norway at the 1920 Summer Olympics. He is one of three shooters to have won three Olympic individual gold medals, along with Ralf Schumann of Germany and Kim Rhode of the United States. He became the first Korean athlete to win three individual Olympic gold medals, to win four (and five) individual Olympic medals, to defend an individual title in the Summer Olympics (while Sim Kwon-Ho won Olympic gold medals for Greco-Roman Wrestling in 1996 and 2000, he won two different weight divisions), to win two individual gold medals at one Summer Olympic Games and to win an individual medal for one event at three consecutive Olympic Games (Kim Soo-Nyung won individual Gold, Silver and Bronze medals respectively for Archery in the 1988, 1992 and 2000 but these Olympics were non-consecutive).