Khioniya Kuzminichna Guseva (c. 1880/1 - After 1919) (her first name has alternatively been spelled as Khionia or Jina or Chionya and her surname has been alternatively spelled as Gusyeva; Russian: Хиония Кузьминична Гусева) was a townswoman (meshchanka) of Syzran. Since 1899 she was living in Tsaritsyn, which is today Volgograd. She became an adherent of the monk Iliodor until 1912 and attempted to kill Grigori Rasputin.
According to the records of the Extraordinary Investigative Commission of the Provisional Government, Khioniya Guseva was a peasant of Syzran district uyezd of Simbirsk guberniya. The exact dates of Khioniya Guseva's birth and death are unknown, but the police report indicates that she was 33-years-old when she tried to assassinate Rasputin. She was lacking a nose. According to her own testimony, she never suffered from syphilis but was "damaged by medicines" since she was 13.
Assassination attempt on Rasputin
She attempted to assassinate Grigori Rasputin in his home village of Pokrovskoye, Tobolsk Governorate, where she arrived on 16 June 1914. Some historians have dated the assassination attempt to 29 June 1914 (New Style)  or Monday 13 July. According to the Oleg Platonov, the assassination attempt was made on Sunday June 29 (Old Style).
Grigori Rasputin, a friend of the tsar Nicholas II of Russia and the Tsarina, was visiting his wife and children in his village, along the Tura River, in Siberia. On the afternoon of Sunday 12 July [O.S. 29 June] 1914  having dined, he went out from the house. He had either just received a telegram, or was just exiting church when he was attacked by Guseva who drove a knife into his abdomen. Guseva purportedly screamed "I have killed the Antichrist!" after the attack. Still not dead, Rasputin was chased through the streets by Guseva in order to finish the task. He hit her in the face with a shaft, and a crowd quickly gathered chanting "Let's kill her!". She turned herself over to the constable and was placed on trial. After seven weeks, Rasputin recovered, though he remained in intense pain until his death in another assassination plot two years later.
Guseva was found to be insane and was placed in an asylum in Tomsk until 15 March 1917. Then she was released on order of Alexander Kerensky. She is reported to have attempted and failed another assassination attempt, this time on Tikhon of Moscow, in 1919.
- Oleg Platonov, Zhizn' za tsaria (St. Petersburg: Voskresesnie, 1996).
- See her photos
- See Rasputin by Edvard Radzinsky
- С. Г. Зацаринный. Женщина, погубившая четыре империи (in Russian). syzranhistory.ru. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- Joseph T. Fuhrmann, Rasputin: A Life (New York: Praeger, 1990), 107.
- J.T. Fuhrmann (2013), The Untold Story, p. 119.
- British newspaper archive
- New York Times
- J.T. Fuhrmann (2013), p. 126.
- B. Moynahan (1997) Rasputin. The saint who sinned, p. 194.