Jinan dialect

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Jinan dialect
濟南話
Native to Urban Jinan in the People's Republic of China
Region Northeastern China
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Jinan dialect (simplified Chinese: 济南话; traditional Chinese: 濟南話; pinyin: jǐnánhuà) is a dialect of the Mandarin language family, which in turn constitutes one of the Sinitic language families. It is spoken in Jinan in Shandong province.

Phonetics and Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Consonants of the Jinan dialect
  bilabial labio-dental alveolar alveolo-palatal retroflex velar
nasal m   n ɲ   ŋ
plosives voiceless unaspirated p   t     k
voiceless aspirated      
fricatives voiced         ʐ
voiceless   f s ɕ ʂ x
affricates voiceless unaspirated     ts  
voiceless aspirated     tsʰ tɕʰ tʂʰ  
lateral approximants     l    

Tones[edit]

Tone chart of the Jinan dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˩˧ (213) dipping
2 yang ping (陽平) ˥ (5) high
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˦ (24) rising
4 qu sheng (去聲) ˨˩ (21) low

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links[edit]