|Named for||Jayanti Devi|
|• Body||Municipal Committee, Jind|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Hari Chand Middha|
|Elevation||227 m (745 ft)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, Punjabi|
|• Regional||Haryanvi (Western Hindi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Railway station code||JIND|
|Vehicle registration||HR-31,HR-56 (Commercial)|
|Nearest capitals||New Delhi, Chandigarh|
|Sex ratio||877 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Sonipat|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Jind City|
|Civic agency||Municipal Committee, Jind|
|Precipitation||550 millimetres (22 in)|
Jind (Hindi: जींद), (Punjabi: ਜੀੰਦ) is a city in Jind District in the Indian state of Haryana. It is the heart of Haryana. It is one of the oldest districts of Haryana. Rani Talab is the major tourist place Pandu-Pindara and Ramrai are the main devotional places attracting devotees for Amavasya bath.
Origin and etymology
Jind name came up from Jaintapuri. It is also said that this town had been founded at the time of the Mahabharata. According to an old saying, the Pandavas built the Jayanti Devi Temple in honour of Jainti Devi (the goddess of victory), offered prayers for success, and then launched the battle with the Kauravas. The town grew up around the temple and was named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which later on came to be known as Jind.
Raja Gajpat Singh, a great grandson of Phul, the founder of the Phulkian Misl, established an independent kingdom by seizing a large tract of country which included the territory occupied by the present district of Jind from the Afghan governor Zain Khan in 1763 and made Jind city, the capital of the state in 1776. He made a fort here in 1775. Later, Sangrur was chosen as capital of Jind State by Raja Sangat Singh (reigned 1822 to 1834). After independence, Jind State was merged with the Indian union and the territory of the present district became part of Sangrur district of Patiala and East Punjab States Union on 15 July 1948. At the time of its creation of Haryana state on 1 November 1966, Sangrur district was bifurcated and its Jind and Narwana tehsils were merged to form Jind district, one of the seven districts of the newly formed state. Jind tehsil was bifurcated to two tehsils: Jind and Safidon in 1967.
Jind is located at  It has an average elevation of 227 metres (744 feet)..
As of 2011[update] India census, Jind city had a population of 166,225. Males constituted 53.3% and females 46.7% of the population respectively. Sex ratio is measured at 877 compared to national average 940. The sex ratio for the 0 to 6 year age-group is worse at 831 compared to national average 918. Jind had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 64.3%. Male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 67% . In Jind, children under six years of age numbered 18,825 and were 11.3% of the population in 2011. Haryanavi, Hindi and Punjabi are the languages spoken by most of the people.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2011)|
With the emergence of Haryana as a separate State in 1966, the process of industrialization in the district began. Several small-scale industrial units for the manufacture of radio and electrical good, fabrication of cement jallis, soap and candles, etc., were set up in urban areas. Some more important units manufacturing agricultural implements, chemicals, thermometers, surgical cotton, foundries, screws, plastic products, paper-board, coke briquettes, etc. The biggest Industry is saint gobain gyproc india ltd ,were established after 1968. The first large-scale industrial unit was the Milk Plant at Jind, which came into existence in 1970. Another unit for the manufacture of steel products was set up in 1973. Industry in the district received a further fillip with the establishment of a cattle feed plant in 1974.
A number of local and national newspaper are published in Jind. Leading National English Newspaper Technical Revolution also published from heart of Haryana Jind City. Technical Revolution Newspaper was founded by social activist Er. Hitesh Hindustani in 2009.
There are numerous schools, and colleges in Jind. These include specialist institutions for subjects such as engineering and Management, Professional Institute in Jind
- CHAUDHARY RANBIR SINGH UNIVERSITY (JIND). Website http://crsujind.org/
- Jind Institute of Engineering & Technology. Website www.jiet-jind.com/
- Jind Polytechnic College. Website www.jiet-jind.com/
- Indus Institute of Engineering & Technology. Website www.iietjind.com/
- Haryana Agriculture and Training Institute.
Some other Institute
- Government P.G College.
- Priyadarshini Women College.
- C.R Kishan College.
- Hindu Girls College.
Railways and Roadways
Jind Junction railway station is a railway junction on Delhi-Rohtak-Jakhal section of Delhi-Fazilka line that connects Delhi to Punjab. Another railway line connects it to Panipat. A new railway line is being constructed from Jind to Gohana. Trains that stop at Jind railway station connect it to many Indian cities. Some of the trains are:
- 11449/11450 Jabalpur Jammu Tawi Exp (Jabalpur - Jammu Tawi)
- 12137/12138 Punjab Mail (Mumbai Cst - Firozpur Cantt)
- 12455/12456 Shri Ganganagar - Delhi S Rohilla AC SF (Shri Ganganagar - Delhi)
- 12481/12482 Intercity Exp (Old Delhi – Shri Ganganagar)
- 13007/13008 U A Toofan Exp (Shri Ganganagar - Howrah)
- 14035/14036 Dhauladhar Exp (Pathankot - Delhi)
- 15609/15610 Avadh Assam Exp (Lalgarh Junction - Gauhati)
- 16031/16032 Andaman Exp (Chennai Central - Jammu Tawi)
- 16317/16318 Himsagar Exp (Jammu Tawi - Kanyakumari)
- 16687/16688 Navyug Exp (Mangalore Central - Jammu Tawi)
- 19023 /19024 Janata Exp (Mumbai Central - Firozpur Cantt)
- 12037 /12038 LDH NDLS SHTBDI (Ludhiana Jn - New Delhi)
It is well connected by the road services as well. Privately owned buses run for short routes like jind to Narwana, bhiwani, rohtak, safidon. Long route buses also originate and suspend here. It is situated on the busy route of delhi to patiala and on National Highway 71. Few bus routes are as: Jind to Hisar Jind to ISBT DELHI Jind to Amritsar Jind to Panipat Jind to Gurgaon Jind to Chandigarh
Nearest airport is IGI Airport, New Delhi which is at a distance of somewhat 3 or 3½ hours ride of car.
Religious places in Jind include:
- Rani Talab
- Asvini Kumara Tirtha Assan
- Bhuteshwara Temple
- Baba Ponkar Temple(Ponkar Kheri)
- Jayanthi Devi Temple
- Munjavata Tirtha
- Pindara Tirtha
- Pushkara Tirtha(Ponkar Kheri)
- Vanshmoolak Tirtha (Barsola)
- Varaha Tirtha
- Yakshini Tirtha
- Dada Khera (Jajwan)
- Bitha Mandir-Naguran
- muana Village Mata Mandir
- "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Jind, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "View Population". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.