G1 Beijing–Harbin Expressway

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China Expwy G1 sign with name.svg

Beijing–Harbin Expressway


Jingha Expressway

Beijing–Harbin Expressway in red.

Taken July 2004
Route information
Part of AH1
Length: 1,280 km[1] (800 mi)
Existed: 28 September 2001 – present
Major junctions
South end: Sifang Bridge, Shuanglong Road and 4th Ring Road, Beijing
  Wufang Bridge, 5th Ring Road, Beijing
Shiyuan Bridge, 6th Ring Road, Beijing
Kokudou 103(China).svg National Highway 103, Beijing
S1 Jinji Expressway, Tianjin
China Expwy G25 sign no name.svg G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway (north) and Tangshan West Outer Ring Expressway (south), Tangshan, Hebei
Kokudou 112(China).svg National Highway 112, Tangshan, Hebei
China Expwy G25 sign no name.svg G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway (south), Tangshan, Hebei
Yanhai Expressway, Qinhuangdao, Hebei
China Expwy G16 sign no name.svg G16 Dandong–Xilinhot Expressway (north), Jinzhou, Liaoning
China Expwy G2512 sign no name.svg G2512 Fuxin–Jinzhou Expressway, Jinzhou, Liaoning
China Expwy G16 sign no name.svg G16 Dandong–Xilinhot Expressway (south), Panjin, Liaoning
China Expwy G91 sign no name.svg G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
China Expwy G1501 sign no name.svg G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
China Expwy G2511 sign no name.svg G2511 Xinmin–Lubei Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
China Expwy G1501 sign no name.svg G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
China Expwy G25 sign no name.svg G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway, Siping, Jilin
G1201 Changchun Ring Expressway (south), Changchun, Jilin
G1201 Changchun Ring Expressway (north), Changchun, Jilin
China Expwy G10 sign no name.svg G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway and G1001 Harbin Ring Expressway, Harbin, Heilongjiang
North end: Kokudou 102(China).svg China National Highway 102, Harbin, Heilongjiang
Highway system
Transport in China
G99 G2

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway (simplified Chinese: 北京-哈尔滨高速公路; traditional Chinese: 北京-哈爾濱高速公路), designated as G1 and commonly abbreviated as Jingha Expressway (Chinese: 京哈高速) is an expressway in northeastern China linking the cities of Beijing and Harbin.

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway is commonly referred to as the Jingha Expressway. This name is derived from the two one-character Chinese abbreviations of the two cities at which the expressway terminates, Jing for Beijing and Ha for Harbin.


The Beijing–Harbin Expressway runs from Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, to Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province. It passes through the following major cities:[2]


The first section of the Beijing–Harbin Expressway, opened in the 1990s was the short-lived Jingqin Expressway, running between the outskirts of Beijing and Qinhuangdao.[citation needed]

In 1990s the expressway was extended northeast from Qinhuangdao to Shenyang and westward to the 4th Ring Road in Beijing to become the Jingshen Expressway. The 658 km expressway from central Beijing to Shenyang was completed in time for the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. It opened to the general motoring public on September 15, 1999, after four years of work on different sections.[citation needed]

The expressway was extended to Harbin during the rapid expansion of the Chinese expressway system in the 2000s. The completed expressway was opened on September 28, 2001. It is now one of the seven radial expressways emanating from Beijing.

Improvements were made to the expressway in 2003 and 2004 by removing several toll stations in 2003 and repairing the previously uneven road surface between the 6th Ring Road and Xijizhen in Beijing in 2004.[citation needed]

On October 8, 2004, 36 vehicles were involved a horrendous series of car crashes on the expressway. The crashes occurred in the westbound lanes near the interchange with the Jinji Expressway, in the Tianjin municipality. Traffic was delayed up for over one and a half hours.[citation needed]

Toll network[edit]

When the expressway opened in September 1999, people were complaining about one thing: namely, the sheer number of toll gates. In some cases, a toll booth appeared every 15 kilometres!

It so turned out that the Jingshen expressway was constructed by different organisations, and as a result, each set up their own toll gate. This seemed to be OK at the start, but made traffic awfully slow, as traffic piled up in front of toll gates.

The PRC's Ministry of Communications (Transport) stepped in after four years and declared that, effective September 1, 2003, the Baodi toll gate in Tianjin and the Yutian toll gate in Hebei would be demolished, in order to create a networked toll system. Additionally, two expressway toll gates near Shanhaiguan would be merged as one. (Plans also hint that the toll gate at Bailu, Beijing, just east of the Eastern 5th Ring Road, would be gone soon, as soon as Beijing "gets its act together" and joins the networked toll system. The toll gate at Xianghe in Hebei, however, would be kept.)

Thus, for the section from Xianghe in western Hebei through to Shanhaiguan in eastern Hebei (and even through the Tianjin portion), this networked toll system applies—one of the first of its kind. This does away with the previous system, where toll booths appeared every time the jurisdiction changed. For some odd reason, Beijing and Liaoning are still not part of the networked toll system.

China plans to expand the networked toll system nationwide, starting with the Jingshen expressway as some kind of testing ground. For now, the change is being accepted positively. Average speed on the expressway has gone up, and a May 2004 law on traffic in general raised maximum speed limits on expressways nationwide from 110 km/h to 120 km/h. This makes traffic jams on this expressway either rare, or a thing of the past.


The Xianghe Toll Gate (Jingshen Expwy Hebei segment, July 2004 image)
Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July 2004)
Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July 2004)

The following is a list of interchanges As of 2005 along the expressway from Beijing to Shenyang.

Symbols: ↗ = exit, ⇆ = main interchange; → = only on way out of Beijing; ¥ = central toll gate; P = parking area; S = service area

Province Type Destinations
Beijing Interchange with 4th Ring Road
Interchange with 5th Ring Road
(→) Dougezhuang
¥ Bailu
↗ 1 Tongmalu
S Tianjiafu
⇆ 2 Interchange with 6th Ring Road (Shunyi, Tongzhou, Daxing)
↗ 3 Tianjin, Huoxian (Tongzhou)
↗ 4 Langfu, Zhanggezhuang
P Langfu
↗ 5 Xiji, Hehezhan
Hebei ↗ Xianghe Xianghe, Dachang
S Xianghe
¥ Xianghe
Tianjin Baodi, Pinggu
S Baodi
Baodi, Jixian
Interchange with Jinji Expressway) Jinji Expressway
Hebei ↗ 11; Yutian, Shijiuwo
S Yutian
↗ 12 Yaohongqiao
↗ 13 Tangshan North, Zunhua
↗ 14 Tangjin Expressway, Tianjin
S Guye
S Lulong
Qinhuangdao (West)
¥ Toll Gate
↗ 22 Shanhaiguan
Liaoning S Wanjia
S Qianwei
S Suizhong
S Dongxinzhuang
S Xingcheng
Huludao East
S Tashan
S Jinzhou
Jinzhou East
Jinzhou North
S Dongguo
S Liaozhong
1029 Dafeng