|Native to||Burma, China, India|
|Region||Kachin State, Yingjiang County|
|ca. 950,000 (2001)|
kac – Jingpho
sgp – Singpho
tcl – Taman
Jingpho (Jinghpaw, Chingp'o), or Kachin (Burmese: ကချင်ဘာသာ [kətɕɪ̀ɴ bàðà]), is a member of the Tibeto-Burman languages mainly spoken in Kachin State, Burma and Yunnan, China. The term Kachin language can refer either to the Jingpho language or to a group of languages spoken by various ethnic groups in the same region as Jingpo: Lisu, Lashi, Rawang, Zaiwa, Lhao Vo, Achang and Jingpho. These languages are from distinct branches of the highest level of the Tibeto-Burman family.
The ethnic Jingpho (or Kachin) are the primary speakers of Jingpho language, numbering approximately 900,000 speakers. The Turung of Assam in India speak a Jingpho dialect, called Singpho, mixed with Assamese words.
The Jingpho alphabet is based on the Latin script. Jingpho has verbal morphology that marks the subject and the direct object. Here is one example (the tonemes are not marked). The verb is 'to be' (rai).
|person and number||present||past|
|1sg||rai n ngai||rai sa ngai|
|2sg||rai n dai||rai sin dai|
|3sg||rai ai||rai sai|
|1pl||rai ga ai||rai sa ga dai|
|2pl||rai ma dai||rai ma sin dai|
|3pl||rai ma ai||rai ma sai|
Jingpho syllable finals can consist of vowels, nasals, or oral stops.
Jingpho (Jinghpaw) language has five tones. For example:
- Wa (high short tone) compensate Á
- Wa (middle tone) teeth Ä
- Wa (high tone) father Ã
- Wa (low tone) come back Ā
- Wa (low short tone) pig Ą
Tones are not usually marked in writing.
- 景颇语-汉语词典 Jingpoyu - Hanyu cidian / Jingpho–Chinese dictionary, 戴庆夏 Dai Qingxia et al.
- 景颇语语法 Jingpoyu yufa / Jingpho Grammar, 戴庆夏 Dai Qingxia et al.
- Structures élémentaires de la parenté, de Claude Lévi-Strauss, devotes a chapter to the study of parenthood in the Jingpho ethnicity.
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|Jingpho language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|