Jining District

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Jining District
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Chinese 集宁区
 • Pinyin Jíníng Qū
Country China
Province Inner Mongolia
Prefecture Ulaan Chab
 • Total 114.2 km2 (44.1 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 320,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Jining District (Mongolian: ᠵᠢᠨᠢᠩ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ Jiniŋ toɣoriɣ; Chinese: 集宁区; pinyin: Jíníng Qū) is an urban district that serves as the administrative seat of Ulaan Chab, a prefecture-level city in the mid-western part of Inner Mongolia, China. It has an area of approximately 114.2 km² and is in the southern foothills of the Yinshan mountains. It has a population of roughly 200,000, including members of the Mongol, Hui, Manchu, Daur, Tibetan, Uyghur, Hmong, and Yi national minorities.

Although Ulaan Chab is an administrative "city" and Jining an administrative "district", in reality Jining is a de facto city, while Ulaan Chab is an administrative division covering a much larger area. See prefecture-level city for more information on this arrangement.

Jining South Railway Station (集宁南站) serves as a railway intersection to the border town of Erenhot to the north, Hohhot and Baotou to the west, and the mining city Datong to the south.



In 1675, the Jining area was placed under the administration of the Plain Yellow Banner of Chahar Province, and in 1750 was transferred to Fengzhen City's administration. In 1922, it was renamed Jining and became a municipality, and the following year a county. In 2004, Ulaan Chab League, to which it is capital, is changed to a prefecture-level city, and Jining is correspondingly changed from a county-level city to a district. Ulaan Chab is named Chaborte in the writings of P. Evariste Huc.

Natural resources[edit]

The Jining area is a source of limestone and turquoise.

Coordinates: 41°1′50.3″N 113°5′55.9″E / 41.030639°N 113.098861°E / 41.030639; 113.098861