Jinjiang's Lüzhou (Green Island) Park, with a monument bearing inscription "诚信、谦恭、团结、拼搏" (Integrity, humility, unity, hard work)
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|city seat||Luoshan Subdistrict (罗山街道)|
|• Total||721.7 km2 (278.6 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,800/km2 (7,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Jinjiang City (simplified Chinese: 晋江; traditional Chinese: 晉江; pinyin: Jìnjiāng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chìn-kang) is a county-level city of Quanzhou City, Fujian, People's Republic of China. It is located in the southeastern part of the province, on the right or south bank of the Jin River, across from Quanzhou's urban district of Fengze. Jinjiang also borders the Taiwan Strait of the East China Sea to the south, and Quanzhou's other county-cities of Shishi and Nan'an to the east and west, respectively. It has an area of 721.7 square kilometres (278.6 sq mi) and a population of 1,986,447 as of 2010.
- Anhai (安海镇)
- Chendai (陈埭镇)
- Chidian (池店镇)
- Cizao (磁灶镇)
- Dongshi (东石镇)
- Jinjing (金井镇)
- Longhu (龙湖镇)
- Neikeng (内坑镇)
- Shenhu (深沪镇)
- Xibin (西滨镇)
- Yinglin (英林镇)
- Yonghe (永和镇)
- Zimao (紫帽镇)
Jin River waterfront
Jinjiang is known for the large number of foreign-invested factories which operate there, especially in the clothing and name-brand footwear industry. Many migrant laborers come from elsewhere in Fujian and even from outside the province to commit themselves to year-long contracts.
Jinjiang people speak the Quanzhou variant of Minnan dialect which is largely intelligible to speakers of the Xiamen/Zhangzhou variant (which is also spoken by most Taiwanese). As in many parts of China, most Jinjiang people can use Putonghua (Mandarin) to communicate with non-local people in commercial and other daily interactions.
Jinjiang is the site of the Quanzhou Jinjiang Airport, a gift from Lai Changxing (see below). The facility is of international standard but is kept domestic because the province has been allotted only two international airports, one in the capital Fuzhou and one in nearby Xiamen.
There are many sportswear and other garment and shoe manufacturers in Jinjiang. Many original designs are produced but much of the work is either at the order of foreign firms or knockoffs of designs by famous foreign firms. In 2013 the mayor of Jinjiang called for more focus on innovative design by shoe manufacturers plagued by surplus inventory.
Manufacturers were encouraged by local official to engage in IPOs and seek listings on stock exchanges such as the Frankfurt Stock Exchange to raise global capital for expansion. Raising capital in this way bypasses the difficulty medium-sized firms have with obtaining loans from Chinese banks. About 30 firms have achieved listing on global stock exchanges but many also have listings on stock exchanges in Shanghai or Hong Kong. As of 2012 many additional local firms include IPOs in their business planning.
In some instances over-capacity and declining profit margins have resulted from suboptimal investment of capital. Due to the prevalence of copying in the industry investing capital in research and development seems futile. Another problem is that many of the firms are in fact family-owned business which have taken on corporate form but not best corporate management practices. In an effort to achieve listings on exchanges with strict requirements there is a temptation to engage in creative accounting.
Jinjiang in the News
Jinjiang's most infamous son is undoubtedly Lai Changxing who has been described by the official Xinhua news agency as "China's most wanted fugitive". Lai was a major player in the Xiamen-centred Yuanhua corruption and smuggling scandal which broke in 1999. Tipped off by China's central police leadership, Lai fled to Canada on fake Hong Kong SAR documents with his wife Zeng (often Tsang) Mingna and their children. He was eventually detained on Canadian immigration charges and put under house arrest at his home in Burnaby, British Columbia.
Lü Jiangbo (吕江波), a businessman-turned-village chief organized residents of Keren Village to defend their rights in the face of illegal land requisition by government officials. Among his activities, he co-authored a public letter to then-Premier Zhu Rongji complaining of the land grabs. He was charged for multiple "crimes" to 11 years’ imprisonment in the fall of 2010.
- José Rizal, hero-martyr of the Philippine Revolution and National Hero of The Philippines whose grandfather is a descendant of Jinjiang.
- "Profile of Jinjiang" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2010 Census.
- Qu Yunyu (December 26, 2012). "After an IPO Rush, a Factory Town's Hangover: A Fujian Province city pushed local companies to go public, and now they’re reaping the consequences". Caixin. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
- MANICHEISM i. GENERAL SURVEY at Encyclopædia Iranica
- CHINESE TURKESTAN: vii. Manicheism in Chinese Turkestan and China at Encyclopædia Iranica
- Wang Zhuoqiong (April 3, 2013). "Shoemaking firms urged to be more innovative: Mayor of China's 'footwear capital' says companies need to do more to reduce massive inventories". China Daily. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
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