||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (September 2014)|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Jamil Dehlavi|
|Produced by||Jamil Dehlavi|
|Screenplay by||Akbar S. Ahmed
|Narrated by||Shashi Kapoor|
|Music by||Nigel Clarke
|Cinematography||Nicholas D. Knowland|
|Edited by||Robert M. Reitano
|Distributed by||Dehlavi Films Productions|
|Budget||$6 million (estimated)|
Jinnah is a 1998 epic biographical film which follows the life of the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It was directed by Jamil Dehlavi; and written by Akbar S. Ahmed and Jamil Dehlavi. The film was released in 1998 in the United Kingdom and Pakistan.
The film opens with the words of Professor Stanley Wolpert:
Fewer still modify the map of the world.
Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state.
Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.
The film begins with the final events accounting the death of Jinnah. On 11 September 1948, ailing Jinnah's plane landed at Karachi Airport from Quetta where he was retreating at higher altitude in Ziarat. Further deteriorating health of Jinnah urged doctors to shift him Karachi, on his way to Governor House Jinnah's ambulance runs out of engine failure, where fate left the Quaid of Pakistan doomed.
The film then cuts with fantastical note in to a heavenly place where Jinnah is awaiting for the final judgment on his deeds. While it is found that the celestial bureaucrats in charge have misplaced Jinnah's file of life and the whole heavenly computer network is down. With nothing but time on his hands, Jinnah have to answers the questions of his life ask by heaven guide or Narrator (Shashi Kapoor) in order to decided where Jinnah should be send, to Hell or Heaven.
The guide took Jinnah in 1947 where in Simla conference with Lord Mountbatten, Jinnah demanded the separate homeland for Indian Muslims. It was hoped, by encouraging the Muslims to live in a separate country, violence will abate. Idea of Pakistan persuaded many Muslims and become the identity of them. Fatima Jinnah started campaign for Muslims, where she arrested by a Indian police officer for being in a favor of Muslims. It is then shown that Muslims are attacked and Killed by Sikhs and Hindus during the prayer, where dead Jinnah and guide are watching them.
After the World War II British India finally grants Indian Independence. Religious tensions between Hindus and Muslims erupt into nation-wide violence and leads to the idea of Partition of India. In a meeting with Mountbatten, Gandhi proposed the Idea of making Jinnah the first prime minister of India in order to avoid partition but Jawaharlal Nehru oppose the idea. Jinnah refuses the offer and said "why do you want to force reluctant partners into a marriage?".
Guide then questions Jinnah why he rejects the offers, Jinnah then explains his future fear. Jinnah came to know that he is suffering from bronchitis and is in last stage, he ask the doctor to keep it secret due to country's potential condition.
Flashbacks regains where Guide recounts the martial life of Jinnah, when he fell in love and married a Parsi Rattanbai Petit latter known as Maryam Jinnah, against the will of her parents on grounds of religion. In 1922, Jinnah faces political isolation as he devoted every spare moment to be the voice of moderation in a nation torn by Hindu-Muslim antipathy, this creates distance between Rattan and Jinnah, which made her alcoholic, She finally left him with their daughter in September 1922, and eventually separates in 1927. Ratti died of cancer on February 18, 1929. Death of Ratti impose a huge impact on Jinnah life. Allama Iqbal wrote to Jinnah to run to Muslim League and fight for Pakistan, initially Jinnah refuses but accept after the betrayal and reality of Indian congress. He went to India and take Fatima home in order to start political journey of Two nation theory. Present, In 1940, The Muslim League annual conference was held from 22–24 March where Jinnah addresses to the thousands of Muslim and gave them the asurety of the birth of Pakistan.
Guide question Jinnah that apart from Ratti and Fatimah whom he love the most, he then remembers his daughter who married a Parsi boy without the permission of him.
While addressing to a Muslim league in 1947, Rebel Indian-Muslims who was not in the favor of separation attacks the conference, however separation carried out and Guide and Jinnah saw the massacre in migration done by Indian and Sikhs. Jinnah sworn as a first Governor-General of Pakistan and announces Liaqat Ali Khan as first Prime Minister of Pakistan.
After independence and the end of British rule, Pakistan stands as a new nation for Muslim, Jinnah given the title of Quaid-e-Azam of Pakistan. Jinnah waits for the first train carrying Muslims who left India for Pakistan, but when train arrives, they are all found dead. Fatimah and Lady Iris Mountbatten visits refuges where Iris came to know the importance of Independence. Mountbatten betrays Jinnah as Hindu Maharaja, Sir Hari Singh, who stalled his decision on which nation to join. With the population in revolt in October 1947, aided by Pakistani irregulars, the Maharaja acceded to India; Indian troops were airlifted in. Jinnah objected to this action, and ordered that Pakistani troops move into Kashmir. Thus creates a war between India and Pakistan then and afterward from time to time on Kashmir conflict.
The film jumps into a final fictional scene of Mountbatten in a Heaven Court and Jinnah is fighting case against him by himself over Mountbatten's betrayal.
- Christopher Lee as Mohammed Ali Jinnah
- Shashi Kapoor as Narrator
- James Fox as Lord Louis Mountbatten
- Maria Aitken as Edwina
- Richard Lintern as Jinnah (Younger)
- Shireen Shah as Fatima Jinnah
- Indira Varma as Rattanbai ('Ruttie') Jinnah
- Robert Ashby as Nehru
- Sam Dastor as Mahatma Gandhi
- Shakeel as Liaquat Ali Khan
- Vaneeza Ahmed as Dina Wadia (Older)
- Roger Brierley as Judge
- Vernon Dobtcheff as Lord Willingdon
- Rowena Cooper as Lady Willingdon
- James Curran as Colonel Knowles
- Michael Elwyn as Sir Cyril Radcliffe
- Ian Gelder as The English police officer
- Christopher Godwin as Recruitment officer In charge
- John Grillo as Sir Dinshaw Petit
- Talat Hussain as Refugee
- John Nettleton as General Gracie
- David Quilter as Porrit
- Khayyam Sarhadi as Abdur Rab Nishtar
- David Sterne as Birtwhistle
- Marc Zuber as Muhammad Iqbal
- Shahid Iqbal as Barrister M. C. Chagla
- Mervyn Hosein as Abul Kalam Azad
- Stephen Mortlock as English Reporter
Despite the early criticism of the movie, it received an overwhelmingly positive response in Pakistan. Christopher Lee has spoken highly of the film, calling his performance in it by far the best of his career as well as stressing the importance of the film.
|“||The most important film I made, in terms of its subject and the great responsibility I had as an actor was a film I did about the founder of Pakistan, called Jinnah.
It had the best reviews I've ever had in my entire career - as a film and as a performance. But ultimately it was never shown at the cinemas.
- Troubled Jinnah movie opens (BBC News, September, 1998)
- IO Film Reviews
- Close-up Film Review: Jinnah
- "Jinnah the Movie" reviews by Rizwan
- Jinnah at the Internet Movie Database
- Jinnah at AllMovie
- Christopher Lee on the making of legends and Jinnah
- Christopher Lee launches film about Jinnah in London (Asians in Media Magazine)