Jinnah family

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Jinnah family
Ethnicity Gujarati Lohana[1][2]
Place of origin Kathiawar, Gujarat
Notable members Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Fatima Jinnah
Shireen Jinnah
Maryam Jinnah
Dina Wadia
Connected families Wadia family
Traditions Islam

The Jinnah family (Urdu: خاندان جناح‎; Gujarati: જિન્ના પરિવાર) was a political family in the Indian Subcontinent. Its most notable member is Muhammad Ali Jinnah[3] the founder of Pakistan. His only child was Dina Wadia. She had a rift with her father when she expressed her desire to marry a Parsi Indian, Neville Wadia. According to M C Chagla in "Roses in December", Jinnah, a Muslim, disowned his daughter after trying to dissuade her from marrying Neville, a Parsi Indian. His matriline descendants through her are part of the Wadia family and reside in India as she married and stayed in India after the Partition of India in 1947.[4]

Family tree[edit]

 
Poonja Gokuldas Meghji
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mitthibai Jinnahbhai
(1857–1902)
 
Jinnahbhai Poonja
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emibai Jinnah
(1878–1893)
 
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(1876-1948)
 
Maryam Jinnah
(1900-1929)
 
Ahmed Ali Jinnah
 
Bunde Ali Jinnah
 
Rahmat Ali Jinnah
 
Fatima Jinnah
(1893-1967)
 
Shireen Jinnah
 
Maryam Jinnah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dina Wadia
(b. 1919)
 
Neville Wadia
(1911-1996)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nusli Wadia
 
Maureen Wadia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ness Wadia
(b. 1970)
 
Jehangir Wadia
 

Members of the Jinnah family[edit]

First generation[edit]

Poonja Gokuldas Meghji, the patriarch of the family is the paternal grandfather of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Fatima Jinnah. He was a Hindu Lohana[5][6] from Paneli village in Gondal state in Kathiawar who embraced Islam.[7]

Second generation[edit]

  • Jinnahbai Poonja (1857–1902) was married to mithhibai Jinnahbai.
    • Jinnahbai Poonja was a prosperous Gujarati merchant. He moved to Karachi from Kathiawar, because of his business partnership with Grams Trading Company whose regional office was set up in Karachi. He moved to Karachi before Muhammad Ali Jinnah's birth. He and his wife had 7 children:
  1. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  2. Ahmed Ali Jinnah
  3. Bunde Ali Jinnah
  4. Rahmat Bai Jinnah
  5. Fatima Jinnah
  6. Shireen Bai Jinnah
  7. Maryam Bai Jinnah

Third generation[edit]

  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)
    • Jinnah is the founder of Pakistan and was the country's first Governor-General. His first marriage in1892 was the result of his mother urging him to marry his cousin Emibai Jinnah before he left for England to pursue higher studies. However, Emibai died a few months later. His second marriage took place in 1918 to Rattanbai Petit a parsi who was 24 years his junior. Rattanbai converted to Islam when she married Jinnah and took on the name Maryam Jinnah. In 1919, she gave birth to their only daughter, Dina Wadia.[4][8]
  • Ahmed Ali Jinnah
  • Bunde Ali Jinnah
  • Rahmat Bai Jinnah
  • Fatima Jinnah (1893–1967)
    • Fatima Jinnah was a dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman, and one of the leading Founding mothers of modern-state of Pakistan. She also played a pivotal role in civil rights and introduced the women's rights movement in the Pakistan Movement. After her brother's death she continued to play a pivotal role in Pakistani politics and in 1965 returned to active politics by running against Ayub Khan in the 1965 elections
  • Shireen Jinnah
  • Maryam Jinnah

Fourth generation[edit]

She had a rift with her father when she expressed her desire to marry a Parsi-born Indian, Neville Wadia. According to M C Chagla in "Roses in December", Jinnah, a Muslim, disowned his daughter after trying to dissuade her from marrying Neville. Dina Wadia is the only direct living link to Jinnah and the nation of Pakistan claiming her father as its own father of the nation is assumed to have some kind of kinship with her according to Akbar S. Ahmed.[9] His descendants through her are part of the Wadia family and reside in India as she married and stayed in India after the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

See also[edit]

References[edit]