Jinping-II Dam

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Jinping-II Dam
Jinping-II Dam is located in China
Jinping-II Dam
Location of Jinping-II Dam
Official name Jinping-II Hydropower Station
Location Sichuan, China
Coordinates 28°14′54.02″N 101°38′39.94″E / 28.2483389°N 101.6444278°E / 28.2483389; 101.6444278Coordinates: 28°14′54.02″N 101°38′39.94″E / 28.2483389°N 101.6444278°E / 28.2483389; 101.6444278
Purpose Power
Status Operational
Construction began 2007
Opening date 2014
Owner(s) Ertan Hydropower Development Company, Ltd.
Operator(s) MWREP
Dam and spillways
Impounds Yalong River
Height 37 m (121 ft)
Length 162 m (531 ft)
Reservoir
Creates Jinping-II Reservoir
Total capacity 14,280,000 m3 (11,580 acre·ft)
Active capacity 5,020,000 m3 (4,070 acre·ft)
Catchment area 102,663 km2 (39,638 sq mi)
Power station
Name Jinping-II Hydropower Station
Coordinates 28°08′17.05″N 101°47′31.30″E / 28.1380694°N 101.7920278°E / 28.1380694; 101.7920278
Commission date 2012–2014
Turbines 8 × 600 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 4,800 MW

The Jinping-II Dam (simplified Chinese: 锦屏二级水电站; traditional Chinese: 錦屏二級水電站; pinyin: Jǐnpíng Èrjí Shuǐdiàn Zhàn), also known as the Jinping-II Hydropower Station, is a gravity dam on the "Jinping Bend" of the Yalong River (Yalong Jiang) in Sichuan, China. Construction on the project began in 2007 and it was complete in 2014. It's hydroelectric power station has a 4,800 MW installed capacity.

While Jinping-I relies on a conventional tall dam and large reservoir to supply water, Jinping-II uses a much smaller dam, located 7.5 km downstream of Jinping-I, to divert water into four 16.6 km long headrace tunnels. These tunnels connect to a later point on the same river where the water level is much lower, providing a large head of water without flooding a large area of land.

History[edit]

Harnessing hydropower on the Jinping bend of the Yalong River has been in planning for decades. The length of the bend is 150 km, but the downstream part of the river on the opposite side of the mountain is separated by only 16 km. In that distance, there is an elevation drop of 310 m, creating an excellent situation for hydroelectricity production. Two projects were planned for the bend, the Jinping I and Jinping II with a combined capacity of 8,400 MW. Planning for the projects began in the 1960s under the former Sichuan and Shanghai design institutes along with the Ministry of Water Resources and Electric Power. They produced the "Reinvestigation Report on The Yalong River bend (Jinping)". In July 1965, the Jinping Hydropower Engineering Headquarters was set up and designs for the Jinping 1 and Jinping 2 would progress with the East China Investigation and Design Instititute .[1]

Construction on the Jinping-II started on January 30, 2007.[2] The dam's first generator was commissioned in December 2012, the second in January 2013.[3] The fifth generator went online in May 2014 and the seventh in October 2014.[4][5] Jinping-I was fully commissioned by July 2014 and the eighth and final generator for Jinping-II was commissioned on 26 November 2014.[6]

Characteristics[edit]

A 37 m tall, 162 m long sluice dam on the west-side of the Jinping bend diverts water into four 16.6 km long headrace tunnels towards the power station. At the power station, the water turns eight 600 MW Francis turbines with a total capacity of 4400 MW before being discharged back into the river. The dam wall is made of 3.4 million m3 of material.[7]

About 30% of the power from the Jinping dams is used locally, and 70% will be set to eastern China via ±800 kV bipolar HVDC transmission lines.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]