Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County

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Jinping County
Country China
Province Yunnan
Prefecture Honghe
Area
 • Total 3,677 km2 (1,420 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 320,000
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Postal code 661500
Area code(s) 0873
Website http://www.jinping.gov.cn/
Landscape at Fenshuiling in Jinping County. Altitude ca. 2060 m.

Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County (金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县; pinyin: Jīnpíng miáozú yáozú dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn) is located in Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China. Jinping is home to the Red-headed Yao (红头瑶族) minority group who wear a pointed red hat on their heads after they get married.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The Jinping County Almanac (1994:113-132) lists the following ethnic groups.

  • Miao
    • Black Miao 黑苗 / Mengba 蒙吧 / Mengshi 蒙施
    • Qingshui Miao 青水苗 / Mengnengcha 蒙能差; exonym: Mengbu 蒙补 / Mengbei 蒙背
    • Flowery Miao 花苗 / Meng Leng 蒙冷
    • Piantou Miao 偏头苗 / Meng Shua 蒙刷; exonym: Chinese Miao 汉苗 (least populous Miao subgroup)
    • White Miao 白苗 / Mengdou 蒙逗
  • Yao
    • Yu Mian 育棉: Red-Headed Yao 红头瑶
    • Men 门: Landian Yao 蓝靛瑶、Pingtou Yao 平头瑶、Sha Yao 沙瑶
  • Dai
    • Dai Luo 傣罗 (Black Dai 黑傣、Dry Dai 旱傣): located in Kuchuyi 苦初邑[1]、Shidong 石洞[2]、Laomanhao 老蔓耗[3]、Xiaohekou 小河口[4]、Changtan 长滩[5]
    • Dai Le 傣泐 (Pu'er Dai 普耳傣): located in Pu'erzhai 普耳寨 (Upper 上寨[6]、Central 中寨[7]、Lower 下寨[8] villages), Mengla Township 勐拉乡
    • Ludai Lunan 鲁傣鲁南 (= 水的儿子 child of the water; 水傣、白傣)
  • Zhuang
    • Bure 布惹/ White Sha people 白沙人
    • Kacha 卡查 / Black Sha people 黑沙人: Baha 巴哈村, Zhemi Township 者米乡[9][10]
  • Lahu
    • Lahu Na 拉祜纳 (Black Lahu 黑拉祜)
    • Lahu Xi 拉祜西 (Yellow Lahu 黄拉祜)
    • Lahu Pu 拉祜普 (White Lahu 白拉祜)

An alternate list gives the following ethnic minorities and subgroups.[11]

  • Miao
    • Flowery Miao 花苗
    • White Miao 白苗
    • Black Miao 黑苗
    • Chinese Miao 汉苗
  • Yao
    • Red-headed Yao 红头瑶
    • Landian Yao 蓝靛瑶
    • Sha Yao 沙瑶
  • Dai
    • Water Dai 水傣
    • Black Dai 黑傣
    • Pu'er Dai 普洱傣
  • Hani
    • Nongmen 弄们 (Nuomei 糯美[12])
    • Nongbi 弄毕 (Nuobi 糯比[12])
    • Duoni 多尼[12]
    • Asuo 阿梭[12]
    • Lami 腊咪
    • Gehe 格合 (Gehe 格河[12])
    • Guozuo 国昨 (Guozhuo 郭卓[12])
    • Habei 哈备
  • Yi (speaking 4 languages: Nuosu 诺苏, Muji 姆基, Alu 阿鲁, and Laowu 老乌[12])
    • Nisu 尼苏
    • Alu 阿鲁
    • Pula 仆拉
    • Muji 姆基
    • Laowu 老乌
  • Zhuang
    • Sha 沙人
    • Nong 侬人
  • Lahu
    • Black Lahu 黑拉祜
    • Yellow Lahu 黄拉祜
    • White Lahu 白拉祜[12]

The Gezou 格邹, a Hani subgroup, are found in the following villages of Jinping County (note: Hani village name followed by Chinese name).[13]

  • District 3 三区: Lijiazha 里加扎 (Wengdang 翁当寨), Naniupuma 那纽普玛 (Daqi 大其寨), Naniuzha 那纽扎 (Xiaoqi 小其寨)
  • District 4 四区: Gouqiezha 苟切扎 (Wuleguo 五了果寨), Silouqiuzha 斯楼丘扎 (Duguo 独果寨), Dapuzha 达普扎 (Ping'an 平安寨), Qiemazha 切玛扎 (Hebian 河边寨), Wupuzha 吴普扎 (Xin'an 新安寨)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°45′30″N 103°09′50″E / 22.75833°N 103.16389°E / 22.75833; 103.16389