Jinsafut

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Jinsafut
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic جينصافوط
 • Also spelled Jensafut (official)
Jinsafut is located in the Palestinian territories
Jinsafut
Jinsafut
Location of Jinsafut within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°10′43″N 35°07′46″E / 32.17861°N 35.12944°E / 32.17861; 35.12944Coordinates: 32°10′43″N 35°07′46″E / 32.17861°N 35.12944°E / 32.17861; 35.12944
Governorate Qalqilya
Government
 • Type Village Council
Area
 • Jurisdiction 9,335 dunams (9.3 km2 or 3.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 2,357
Name meaning Jinsafut[1]

Jinsafut (Arabic: جينصافوط‎) is a Palestinian village in the Qalqilya Governorate in the northeastern West Bank, located fifteen kilometers east of Qalqilya,[2] and sixteen kilometers east of Nablus. It lies at an elevation of around 430 meters above sea level.[3] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of approximately 2,300 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[4]

Fatah's Secretary-General Farouk Kaddoumi was born in Jinsafut.[5]

History[edit]

The place appeared in 1596 Ottoman tax registers as "Jim Safut", being in the Nahiya of Bani Sa'b of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 26 households, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, olives, and goats or beehives, and a press for olives or grapes.[6]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as "a small village on high ground, with wells to the north, and a few olives."[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Jensafut had a population of 267 inhabitants, all Muslims,[8] while in the 1931 census, Jinsafut had 76 occupied houses and a population of 315, again all Muslim.[9]

In 1945 the population was 450, all Arabs, with 9,356 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[10] Of this, 1,410 dunams were for plantations or irrigated land, 2,208 for cereals,[11] while 14 dunams were built-up land.[12]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Jinsafut came under Jordanian rule.

1967, and aftermath[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Jinsafut has been under Israeli occupation.

Demographics[edit]

Some families of Jinsafut include al-Ayoub, al-Sukar, al-Saber, al-Allan, al-Nassar, al-Bashir and Eid.[13] Prior to 1967, Jinsafut had a population of 700, which decreased to 550 after the 1967 Six-Day War; The drop was caused by residents fleeing the village to Jordan. According to a PCBS estimate, the village had grown to 2,122 inhabitants in 2003, then rose to 2,280 in 2006.[2]

Economy[edit]

Before 1967, 99.5% of Jinsafut's labor force depended agriculture, particularly on peach and grape crops, as well as raising livestock. The remainder worked in civil jobs. From 1967 to 2002, 91% of the village residents depended on agriculture or working in Israel, 6% were employed in the Palestinian National Authority government and 3% worked in commerce. Since the beginning of the Second Intifada, vehicle movement in Jinsafut has been constricted by Israel, contributing to 93% of the working population being unemployed.[2]

According to the Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem, Jinsafut has a land area of 9,335 dunams; 31.8% is used for growing crops, 4.3% are for heterogeneous agricultural areas, 1.9% for herbaceous vegetation associations, 5.2% is designated as arable land, 3% is built-up area, 8% is used for land for Israeli settlements and the remainder is forest area.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 183
  2. ^ a b c d The Segregation Wall hits more Palestinian lands in Qalqilyia district Land Research Center (LRC) & The Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2004-06-15.
  3. ^ Welcome To Jinsafut PalestineRemembered.
  4. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Qalqiliya Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS)
  5. ^ Biographies of Palestinian political leaders Middle East Reference.
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 139
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 164
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 62
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 60
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 106
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 156
  13. ^ Hundreds of olive trees burned by Israeli settlers in Jinsafut Village Land Research Center. 2007-10-01.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]