Jinseong of Silla
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Jinseong of Silla|
|Revised Romanization||Jinseong yeowang|
|Hangul||김만, also 김원|
|Hanja||金曼, also 金垣|
|Revised Romanization||Gim Man, also Gim Won|
|McCune–Reischauer||Kim Man, also Kim Wŏn|
|Monarchs of Korea
Queen Jinseong of Silla (c.865-897) (r. 887–897) was the fifty-first ruler of the Korean kingdom, Silla. She was also Silla's third and final reigning queen (the other two being Queen Seondeok of Silla and Jindeok of Silla). Her reign saw the end of Unified Silla and the beginning of the Later Three Kingdoms period.
Jinseong was the daughter of King Gyeongmun. The younger sister of Heongang and Jeonggang, she rose to the throne when both of her brothers died without issue. Though Seondeok and Jindeok's successful reigns were invoked to help Jinseong secure the throne, Silla's third queen regnant ultimately did not live up to the expectations of her predecessors.
Jinseong is noted in the Samguk Sagi for her immoral and licentious conduct, ranging from taking bribes to bringing cute boys into the palace and committing lewd acts with them. She also carried on an affair with the high commander (Gakgan) Wihong. The Samguk Sagi was written by Confucianists, who held a negative view of female rule, so the precise details therein should perhaps not be taken at face value.
During her reign, public order collapsed. Taxes could no longer be collected and the military conscription system failed. Taking advantage of this domestic disarray, Yang Gil in the northwest and Gyeon Hwon in the southwest rebelled and founded their own kingdoms.
In 895, Jinseong appointed Heongang's illegitimate son Kim Yo as Crown Prince. In the sixth lunar month of 897, she abdicated the throne, dying within the year. She was buried to the north of Sajasa temple in Gyeongju.