|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||1,352.54 km2 (522.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Dalian district map|
Jinzhou District (simplified Chinese: 金州区; traditional Chinese: 金州區; pinyin: Jīnzhōu Qū; literally: "golden prefecture") is one of six districts of Dalian, Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. It is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of the city centre and facing the Bohai Sea to the west and has a longer history than Dalian itself, and used to be a thriving walled city where the officials of this area were dispatched from the central government. Recently, it is again a thriving town, having Dalian Development Area within its area as well as becoming a bedroom community to downtown Dalian. Its area is 1,352.54 square kilometres (522.22 sq mi) and its permanent population as of 2010[update] is 1,102,773.
Before Russia leased Lüshun Naval Port and established Dalian as a commercial port in 1898, Jinzhou was the center of this region, a thriving walled town, to which the central government official was dispatched to rule this region.
- Tang, Song and Yuan Dynasties
- Qing Dynasty
- Japan occupied Liaodong Peninsula including Jinzhou during the Sino-Japanese War and tried to lease it (1894), but returned it as the results of the Triple Intervention by France, Germany and Russia
- Japan re-occupied Liaodong Peninsula during the Russo-Japanese War (1904) and leases it as Kwantung Leased Territory (1905)
- Republic of China
- Japan's lease agreement was extended to 99 years, until 1999 (1915)
- The Soviet forces advanced to Jinzhou and the Communist Party-led Jinzhou Prefectural Government was established (1945)
- People's Republic of China
- Jinzhou became part of Lüda City (1950)
- After becoming part of Liaonan Special Zone (1966), Jinzhou was returned to Lüda City (1969), which was later renamed as Dalian City (1981)
Recently, it is again a thriving District, having Dalian Development Area within it as well as becoming a bedroom community to downtown Dalian.
- 1074.6 aquare kilometers of land
- 20 kilometers northeast of the center of Dalian City
- Pulandian City to the north, Ganjingzi District to the south, the Yellow Sea to the east and the Bohai Sea to the west
- Highest point: Dahei Mountain, 662 meters above sea level
- In winter, the Yellow Sea side of Jinzhou does not freeze, but the Bohai Sea side freezes in January and February
- Guangming Subdistrict (光明街道), Xianjin Subdistrict (先进街道), Youyi Subdistrict (友谊街道), Yongzheng Subdistrict (拥政街道), Zhanqian Subdistrict (站前街道), Xiangying Subdistrict (向应街道), Zhongchang Subdistrict (中长街道)
- Dalijia (大李家镇), Daweijia (大魏家镇), Desheng (得胜镇), Dengshahe (登沙河镇), Ershilibao (二十里堡镇), Huajiatun (华家屯镇), Liangjiadian (亮甲店镇), Sanshilibao (三十里堡镇), Shihe (石河镇), Xingshutun (杏树屯镇)
The only township is Qidingshan Manchu Ethnic Township (七顶山满族民族乡)
- Jinzhou Station on the Dalian-Shenyang-Harbin Railroad (former South Manchurian Railway)
- Dalian-Shenyang-Harbin and Dalian-Dandong-Shenyang Expressways
- Dalian-Dalian Development Area-Jinshitan (Golden Pebble Beach) Qingui (Dalian Light Rail)
Colleges and Universities
- Dalian University
- Dalian Nationalities University
- Dalian Development Area School and Software School, Dalian University of Technology
- Jinzhou School, Dalian University of Foreign Languages
Other Special Schools
- Dalian Maple Leaf International School
- Korean School
- Dalian School for Models
- Xiangying Square and Stalin Road for Pedestrians only
- Former government official's office
- Jinzhou Museum, being newly built in north of the town
- Longwang Taoist Temple, Jinzhou Christian Church, etc.
- South Hills, a Russo-Japanese war battleground
- Dahei Mountain
- Cannon Hills, East Mountain Park, Kailun International Hot Spring Club, etc.
Golden Pebble Beach (Jinshitan) Tourist Area
- Golden Pebble Beach Golf Course, Discovery Kingdom, etc.
Eight Views of Old Jinzhou
The Eight Views of Old Jinzhou are:
- Shengshui Temple (Buddhist, Dahei Mountain)
- Xiangshui Temple (Taoist, Dahei Mountain)
- Chaoyang Temple (Buddhist, Dahei Mountain)
- Beisha Castle (Dahei Mountain)
- Yuhuang Temple (Taoist)
- Longwang Temple (Taoist)
- Mengzhen Cave
- Google (2014-07-02). "Jinzhou" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- Dalian Statistical Yearbook 2012 (《大连统计年鉴2012》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
- 2010 Census county-by-county statistics (《中国2010年人口普查分县资料》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
- Liaoning Province, particularly its southern region from Dalian to Dandong, abounds in the legends of Emperor Taizong of Tang and his generals' Goguryeo campaigns, reflected in the place names, etc.
- Eight Views of Old Jinzhou (in Chinese)