Jivdhan

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Jivdhan (or Jeevdhan) is a hill fortress situated 45 km near the modern day town of Narayangaon in Junnar Taluka of Pune district in Maharashtra, India. The fort, which rises 1,145 meters (3,757 feet) above sea level, is located in the Sahyadri mountain range. The fort was looted and destroyed by the British upon siege between 1815 -1818[when?] Jivdhan is a part of the 'Famous 5' trekking destinations among trekking enthusiasts. Chavaand, Hadsar, Shivneri, and Naneghat are the other destinations in the Famous 5 trek. This is a high difficulty grade trek due to the misleading jungle tracks and the necessity and knowledge of using climbing equipment.

History[edit]

Forts originated during the Satvaahan era. Every entry point on the forts built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj have a 'Kalas' and Lord Ganesh carved on it. The nearby Naneghat (Toll collection booth) was used for commercial purpose by traders to help in easy movements of goods. As this was an important pass joining the seas to the mainland, it was heavily guarded from enemies. The Jivdhan fort stood as an important guard fort to protect the interests of various kingdoms. Jivdhan to Naneghat has an open field of 2–3 km, which gives any clear indication of enemy approach. The British captured this fort in 1818 and destroyed all approaches. This fort was captured by Col. Prother of the East India company and later destroyed.

Major Features[edit]

Storehouses[edit]

There are some unexplored storehouse atop the fort which can explored with proper precautions.

Water Tanks[edit]

There are a few water tanks atop the fort, water from these tanks is not portable as they are open all the year round. One should use caution while using this for cooking food or drinking.

Pinnacle near the fort[edit]

This is about 385 feet high. When you approach the fort it looks smaller in size but as you move closer to the fort you can actually get a feel of how high the pinnacle is. This pinnacle is known as 'Vanderlingi'. This is surmountable with use of proper rock climbing equipment. It may take a day or 2 to climb the pinnacle. One needs to scout the area for beehives in order to climb with complete control.

North front[edit]

Once you are at the top of the fort you can view various hilltops and forts nearby. You will clearly see forts like Harishchandragad, Chavaand, Ratangad, Naneghat, Manikdoh Dam and the entire Junnar plateau.

References[edit]

Capture of forts - http://books.google.co.in/books?id=kElDAAAAcAAJ&pg=PR43&lpg=PR43&dq=Colonel+Prother&source=bl&ots=UV1-eidILK&sig=GpA49iDZKW7cgG7VykwbSw8XQdo&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Cz19UJb9M4XqrAeosIFw&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=Colonel%20Prother&f=false