Jiyūgaoka (自由が丘 Jiyūgaoka ) is a neighborhood in southern Meguro, Tokyo, Japan. The name is also used to refer to the broader area surrounding Jiyūgaoka Station, which includes both Jiyūgaoka and the Okusawa (奥沢) neighborhood of Setagaya.
Jiyūgaoka Station is located at the junction of the Tōyoko Line and Ōimachi Line. There are many numbers of apparel stores, zakka stores and restaurants. Jiyūgaoka is often considered as one of the most desirable places to live in Tokyo. The area has its own newspaper dating back to 1919.
The area was rural until the late 1920s, when rail service commenced. On August 28, 1927, Kuhonbutsu-mae Station (九品仏前駅 Kuhonbutsu-mae eki ) was established on the Tōyoko Line. In the same year, Jiyūgaoka-gakuen (literally "Liberal Hill Academy") High School was opened.
In 1929, the Ōimachi Line was opened and a new Kuhonbutsu Station (九品仏駅 Kuhonbutsu eki ) was established about 800m west of the already existing Kuhonbutsu-mae Station. Kuhonbutsu-mae Station was renamed to Jiyūgaoka Station around the same time. The "Jiyūgaoka" name was formally adopted for addresses in the area in 1932.
Following World War II, the area grew quickly as a suburb of Tokyo, with its central business district taking its current form around the 1970s.
- Newspaper front page (Japanese)
- Kadokawa Japanese Location Name Dictionary 13 Tokyo (角川日本地名大辞典)
- Jiyugaoka travel guide from Wikivoyage
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