Jiyu Gakuen Girls' School

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Jiyu Gakuen Girls' School Myonichikan
自由学園明日館
Jiyu gakuen myonichikan.JPG
Jiyu Gakuen Girls’ School, Tokyo, Japan. Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1921
General information
Town or city Toshima, Tokyo
Country Japan
Coordinates 35°43′35″N 139°42′25″E / 35.72639°N 139.70694°E / 35.72639; 139.70694Coordinates: 35°43′35″N 139°42′25″E / 35.72639°N 139.70694°E / 35.72639; 139.70694
Completed 1921
Client Motoko and Yoshikazu Hani
Design and construction
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright

Jiyu Gakuen Girls' School Myonichikan (自由学園明日館?), the "House of Tomorrow," is the original building complex of Jiyu Gakuen, designed by renowned American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Arata Endo, working as an assistant for Wright's project constructing the Imperial Hotel, introduced Wright to his acquaintances Yoshikazu and Motoko Hani, who founded Jiyu Gakuen. Impressed by the couple's self-reliant, Christian-oriented educational philosophy, Wright accepted to undertake the design of their new school.

Built of economical 2 x 4 wood and plaster, Jiyu Gakuen featured a central section with double-height volume and soaring windows facing south onto an open courtyard, with symmetrical wings on the east and west. It was built to child scale, with an architectural richness belying its budget. Myonichikan is also given a Japanese touch by Wright's extensive use of gray-green Oya stone (from Tochigi Prefecture) for pavements, columns and the lanterns standing in the corridors.

Jiyugakuen Myonichikan.jpg

The Myonichikan consists of four buildings; the main, the east, and the west buildings and the auditorium. The main building stands with the two classroom buildings to the west and the east forming a U-shape. The buildings have such characteristics as extending horizontal lines to blend with the landscape, the so-called 'Prairie school' design, which can be seen in Wright's first golden age. The auditorium, designed by Arata Endo and capable of seating around 300 people, stands across the street to the south of the site.

After the main campus was relocated to Minamisawa (Higashikurume, Tokyo) in 1934, the original buildings were used by school alumni for various activities. A lengthy battle to save the aging structure was fought with the Japanese government in the 1990s. The government rewrote its regulations so that the building could be used for educational and cultural activities after being designated an National Important Cultural Asset in May 1997. After standing for almost 80 years, the building was in need of major repairs. Therefore, restoration work was conducted from January 1999 through September 2001. Since November 2001, it has been open to the public when not in use for weddings and other events.

Along with Yodokō Guest House in Ashiya, the school is also the only other example of Wright's work in Japan to completely retain its original appearance.

References[edit]

  • Storrer, William Allin. The Frank Lloyd Wright Companion. University Of Chicago Press, 2006, ISBN 0-226-77621-2 (S.213)

External links[edit]