Jizan Dam

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Jizan Dam
Jizan Dam is located in Saudi Arabia
Jizan Dam
Location of Jizan Dam
Country Saudi Arabia
Location Abu `Arish, Jizan Province
Coordinates 17°02′56.84″N 42°57′27.54″E / 17.0491222°N 42.9576500°E / 17.0491222; 42.9576500Coordinates: 17°02′56.84″N 42°57′27.54″E / 17.0491222°N 42.9576500°E / 17.0491222; 42.9576500
Purpose Irrigation, flood control
Status Operational
Opening date 1970; 45 years ago (1970)
Construction cost US$11 million
Owner(s) Ministry of Water and Electricity
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity
Impounds Wadi Jizan
Height 35 m (115 ft)
Length 316 m (1,037 ft)
Creates Jizan Reservoir
Total capacity 51,000,000 m3 (41,000 acre·ft)

The Jizan Dam, also spelled Jazan, is a gravity dam on Wadi Jizan about 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Abu `Arish in Jizan Province of southwest Saudi Arabia. It has several purpose to include irrigation and flood control. Located in a desert, the dam collects run-off and stores it for periodic releases downstream. Water released from the dam is distributed by two diversion dams downstream for the irrigation of 8,000 ha (20,000 acres) of land. Crops grown include sorghum with eucalyptus and tamarisk grown for anti-desertification.[1] The dam was completed in 1970 and is owned by the Ministry of Water and Electricity.[2]


  1. ^ "Back to the Highlands". Saudi Aramco World. September–October 1980. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Alhamid, Abdulaziz A. (2004). "Achievements of the custodian of the two holy mosques in water sector, PSIPW". King Saud University. Retrieved 30 March 2014.