|Area||20,500 km2 (7,915 sq mi)|
|Density||44 / km2 (114 / sq mi)|
Jizzakh Province (Uzbek: Jizzax viloyati / Жиззах вилояти) is a viloyat (province) of Uzbekistan located in the center of the country. It borders with Tajikstan to the south and south-east, Samarqand Province to the west, Navoiy Province to the north-west, Kazakhstan to the north, and Sirdaryo Province to the east. It covers an area of 20,500 km². The population is estimated to be around 910,500, with some 80% living in rural areas.
The provincial capital is Jizzakh (pop est 127,500 inhabitants). Other major towns include Dustlik, Gagarin, Gallyaaral (Gallaorol), Pakhtakor, and Mardjanbulak. Jizzakh Province was formerly a part of Sirdaryo Province but was given separate status in 1973.
The climate is a typically continental climate, with mild winters and hot, dry summers.
The economy of Jizzakh Province is primarily based on agriculture. Cotton and wheat are the main crops, and extensive irrigation is used. Natural resources include lead, zinc, iron, and limestone. Uzbekistan and China are working together to jointly establish a Special Economic Zone in the region. This high-tech industrial park will be formally established by March 2013. China Development Bank will provide a $50 million loan to finance several of the joint projects in the construction, agro-industrial and mechanical engineering sectors.
The province has a well-developed transportation infrastructure, with over 2500 km of surfaced roads.
Wildlife is extremely rich here; in spring and in summer alpine meadows are gay with multitude of colors, bright-red tulips and snow-white acacias. In autumn the hills they are magnificently decorated with the golden domes of the hazelnut trees, columns of birch-trees, towering plane trees, and green thickets. High in the mountains, in the upper part of the Garalashsay gorge, is a nesting-place of black storks. These rare birds are the pride and joy of Uzbekistan. They are written down in the "Redbooks" in many countries as an endangered species. Early in the spring when the Amasay Depression is flooded, flocks of ducks, wild geese, pelicans and grey herons come here. This territory serves as a nesting place for rose-coloured starlings, shrikes, and sandpipers.
The province is divided into 12 districts (tumans):
|Key||District name||District capital|
Gallaorol District (also spelled Gallyaaral) is the largest district in Jizzakh Province with 1,959 km2 and 130,000 people. This district borders with Jizzakh, Bakhmal, and Forish districts of Jizzakh Province and with Buklungur, Jomboy, and Kushrabot districts of Samarqand Province to the west. The district was called Yangikurgon until September 1926. Its current name Gallaorol derives from “Galla” – wheat and “Orol” – island. A leading politician of Uzbek SSR on a visit to this district said that wheat fields looked like islands, after which the name was officially changed. The district is one of the important industrial centers in Uzbekistan.
The town of Gallaorol (Gallyaaral) is the district capital. Founded in 1898-1899 as a railway depot on the Silk Road, Gallaorol became a town in March 1972 and today it spans an area of 34.3 km2 with a population of 28,519.
- Jizzakh Province official web site (browse through all accessible sections).
- "Uzbekistan, China to Develop Special Economic Zone in Jizzakh". The Gazette of Central Asia (Satrapia). 26 January 2013.
||South Kazakhstan Province, Kazakhstan|
|Navoiy Province||Sirdaryo Province|
|Samarqand Province||Sughd Province, Tajikistan|