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Anti-japan banner, 2005.jpg
A Korean language banner in 2005 reads:
"Dokdo! Don't worry. The ghost and jjokbari-catching ROK Marines are here.
— Local association of retired ROK Marines"[1]
Japanese name
Kana チョッパリ
Korean name
Hangul 쪽발이 / 쪽바리
A pair of Japanese traditional footwear, geta. Geta separates thumb toe and the other four toes.

Jjokbari (Korean: 쪽발이) is a Korean language ethnic slur which may refer to Japanese citizens or people of Japanese ancestry.[2] According to one survey, it was Korea's second-most commonly used slur against Japanese people, ahead of wae-nom and behind ilbon-nom (both roughly mean "Japanese bastards").[3]


Jjok means a "piece" and bal means "feet" in Korean, and when combined it roughly translated to "split feet" or "cloven hoof". This refers to the fact that the Japanese wore geta, a traditional Japanese wooden sandal, which separated the big toe from the others when wearing it. Unlike Korean-style straw shoes which completely cover the foot, Japanese-style straw shoes consisted only of a sole and straps to bind it to the foot, leaving the top part of the foot exposed. Because of that, Koreans thought Japanese shoes are incomplete compared to theirs.[4] Alternatively, jjokbari may came from the sound made by a person wearing geta when they are walking.[5] A third theory explains that jjokbari could also mean "pig's foot".[6][7] This is from a comparison between the appearance of a pig's cloven hooves and the feet of a person wearing tabi or geta.

In Japan[edit]

The term has also been borrowed into Japanese language spoken by ethnic Koreans in Japan, where it is rendered Choppari.[5][8] The form ban-jjokbari (literally, "half jjokbari") originated as a derogatory reference to Japanized Koreans during the Japanese colonial period in Korea; later, it came to be used by Koreans to refer to Japanese with Korean ancestry.[9] The Japanized pronunciation of this form, ban-choppari, is also widely used by Koreans in Japan, either to refer to Japanized Koreans or to people with both Japanese and Korean ancestry.[5][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ in Korean text: "독도야! 걱정마라. 귀신도 잡고, 쪽바리 잡는 해병대가 있단다. — 해병전우회"
  2. ^ "표준국어대사전 (Great Dictionary of the Standard National Language)". National Institute of the Korean Language. Retrieved 2007-05-10. Jjok-bari (noun): 1) a single-footed object. 2) an object/animal with split-feet. 3) a derogatory slur for Japanese people. derived from "split feet" (짜개발) and originated from the fact that Japanese people traditionally wore geta. [쪽-발이 (명사) 1) 한 발만 달린 물건. 2) 발통이 두 조각으로 된 물건. 3) 일본 사람을 낮잡아 이르는 말. 엄지발가락과 나머지 발가락들을 가르는 게다를 신는다는 데서 온 말이다.≒짜개발] 
  3. ^ Miyazaki, Mina (2001). "チョッパリからイルボンヘ 文化交流の効果 (From Choppari to Ilbon: the effects of cultural exchange)" (in Japanese). Seikei University. p. 23. Retrieved 10 May 2007. 
  4. ^ Lee, O-Young (1999). Things Korean. North Clarendon, Vermont, United States: Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-8048-2129-1. 
  5. ^ a b c Constantine, Peter (1992). Japanese Street Slang. Boston, Massachusetts, United States: Weatherhill. ISBN 0-8348-0250-3. 
  6. ^ 일본인을 "쪽바리"라고 부르는 어원(語源) (in Korean). (주)이비뉴스 Co., Ltd. Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  7. ^ '쪽바리'와 돼지 족발 (in Korean). Newdaily. Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  8. ^ Shoji, Kaori (2001-03-24). "From Tokyo, a Film of Us vs. Them". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 
  9. ^ Kramer, Eric Mark (2003). The Emerging Monoculture: Assimilation and the Model Minority. Westport, Connecticut, United States: Praeger/Greenwood. pp. 162–163. ISBN 0-275-97312-3. 
  10. ^ Gohl, Gerhard (1976). Die koreanische Minderheit in Japan als Fall einer"politisch-ethnischen" Minderheitengruppe (The Korean minority in Japan as a case of a "political-ethnic" minority group). Wiesbaden, Germany: Harrassowitz. pp. 139–141.