João do Canto e Castro

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His Excellency
João do Canto e Castro
Canto e Castro (official).jpg
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg
5th President of Portugal
In office
December 16, 1918 – October 5, 1919
Prime Minister
Preceded by Sidónio Pais
Succeeded by António José de Almeida
67th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
December 15, 1918 – December 23, 1918
Preceded by Sidónio Pais
Succeeded by João Tamagnini Barbosa
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
December 4, 1918 – December 15, 1918
President Sidónio Pais
Preceded by António Egas Moniz
Succeeded by António Egas Moniz
Minister of the Navy
In office
September 7, 1918 – December 15, 1918
President Sidónio Pais
Preceded by Alfredo Magalhães
Succeeded by Alfredo Magalhães
Personal details
Born (1862-05-19)May 19, 1862
Lisbon, Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Died March 14, 1934(1934-03-14) (aged 71)
Lisbon, Portugal Portugal
Political party National Republican Party
("Sidonist Party")
Spouse(s) Mariana de Aboim
Children 2 daughters and 1 son
Occupation Naval officer (Admiral)
Religion Roman Catholicism

João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes, commonly known as João do Canto e Castro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈɐ̃w̃ du ˈkɐ̃tu i ˈkaʃtɾu]) or just Canto e Castro (May 19, 1862 in Lisbon – March 14, 1934 in Lisbon) was a Portuguese Navy officer and the fifth President of the Portuguese Republic from December 16, 1918 to October 5, 1919.

He was the son of José Ricardo da Costa da Silva Antunes (Lisbon, 7 February 1831 – 7 August 1906) and wife (m. 1860) Maria da Conceição do Canto e Castro Mascarenhas Valdez (24 October 1825 – Lisbon, 20 April 1892).

In 1891 he married Mariana de Santo António Moreira Freire Correia Manoel Torres de Aboim (Lisbon, 13 June 1865 – 18 January 1946), sister of the 1st Viscount da Idanha and niece of the 1st Viscount de Vila Boim, and had issue.

He occupied the post of Navy Minister, to which he had been appointed by Sidónio Pais, the President-King on September 9, 1918, and succeeded Pais after his murder on December 14, 1918.

During his rule there were two attempts to carry out a revolution. The first one, in Santarém, in December 1918, was led by the republicans Francisco da Cunha Leal and Álvaro Xavier de Castro. The second one was monarchic and was perpetrated in January 1919 and organized by Paiva Couceiro, who for some time managed to control the northern part of the country in what was called the Monarchy of the North. Although Canto e Castro was a monarchist, as President of the Republic he had to fight against a movement that defended his own ideals.

See also[edit]

Preceded by
Sidónio Pais
President of Portugal
1918–1919
Succeeded by
António José de Almeida
Preceded by
Sidónio Pais
Prime Minister of Portugal
1918
Succeeded by
João Tamagnini Barbosa