Jo Ann Emerson
|Jo Ann Emerson|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 8th district
November 5, 1996 – January 22, 2013
|Preceded by||Bill Emerson|
|Succeeded by||Jason T. Smith|
September 16, 1950 |
|Political party||Independent (1996)
|Spouse(s)||Bill Emerson (1975-1996 death)
Ron Gladney (2000-present)
|Residence||Cape Girardeau, Missouri|
|Alma mater||Ohio Wesleyan University|
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
Jo Ann Emerson (born September 16, 1950) is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for Missouri's 8th congressional district from 1996 to 2013. The district consists of Southeast and South Central Missouri and includes the Bootheel, the Lead Belt and the Ozarks. Emerson is a member of the Republican Party. On January 22, 2013, Emerson resigned her seat in Congress to become the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.
Early life, education and career
She was born Jo Ann Hermann in Bethesda, Maryland. She was a daughter of Albert "A.B." Hermann, who was executive director of the Republican National Committee. She graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University. She married future U.S. Representative Bill Emerson, a Republican from Cape Girardeau, on June 22, 1975. They had two daughters; Jo Ann also has five stepdaughters and a stepson. Bill was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1980 from Missouri's 10th Congressional District and, subsequent to redistricting, was reelected in 1982 from the 8th District. He died from cancer on June 22, 1996, a few months before the end of his eighth term. The Bill Emerson Memorial Bridge, which links Missouri to Illinois across the Mississippi River, was dedicated to commemorate his efforts to obtain federal funding for its construction.
Following Bill's death, Jo Ann married Ron Gladney in 2000. From this marriage she gained a stepdaughter and a stepson.
U.S. House of Representatives
- Committee on Appropriations
- Vice President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly
- Vice Chair of the Subcommittee on Democratic Governance
- Vice Chair of the Center Aisle Caucus
- Honorary and Life Trustee of Westminster College
- Co-Chair of the Board of Directors for the Congressional Hunger Center
- Founding Member of the Bipartisan Congressional Retreat
Emerson, whose voting record in Congress has established her as one of the more moderate Republicans, has a history of bipartisanship while in the U.S. House of Representatives. She is a member of the moderate Republican groups the Republican Main Street Partnership and The Tuesday Group.
On May 24, 2005, Emerson was one of 50 Republicans to vote in favor of overturning President George W. Bush's ban on federal funding for embryonic stem cell research. She cast her "yea" vote the day after her mother-in-law died from Alzheimer's Disease, one of the illnesses for which scientists believe they can create better treatments from stem cell research.
On July 12, 2007, Emerson was one of only four Republicans in the U.S. House of Representatives who voted to withdraw U.S. troops from Iraq by April 2008.
On September 15, 2009, Emerson was one of seven House Republicans to vote in favor of the Democrats' proposed resolution to condemn U.S. Representative Joe Wilson (R-South Carolina) for shouting "You lie!" in the middle of President Barack Obama's joint address to the U.S. Congress on health care reform.
Her margins of victory in the district have always been higher than those of GOP presidential candidates George W. Bush and John McCain as well as Republican gubernatorial candidates Kenny Hulshof, Matt Blunt and Jim Talent.
Emerson announced in early December 2012 her plans to retire from Congress in February 2013 to assume a position with the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association as its president and Chief Executive Officer.
When her husband Bill died in 1996, Jo Ann announced she would run for his vacant seat. However, Missouri state law prohibited her from filing in the Republican primary for the general election. In November, Jo Ann Emerson competed in two elections on the same day. She ran as an independent against Democrat Emily Firebaugh and Republican Richard Kline in the general election and as a Republican against Firebaugh in the special election to finish the last two months of her late husband's final term. She won both elections easily and has been reelected seven times without serious difficulty. She is the first Republican woman elected to the U.S. Congress from Missouri. She served the last two months of her husband's term as an independent caucusing with the Republicans before officially becoming a Republican at the start of the new Congress in 1997. She was briefly the first independent elected to federal office in Missouri in 122 years.
|2010 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri’s 8th Congressional District|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||128,499||65.56||-5.88|
|2008 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri’s 8th Congressional District|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||198,798||71.44||-0.20|
|Libertarian||Branden C. McCullough||4,443||1.60||-0.36|
|Constitution||Richard L. Smith||2,257||0.81|
|2006 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri’s 8th Congressional District|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||156,164||71.64||-0.57|
|Democratic||Veronica J. Hambacker||57,557||26.40||-0.22|
|Libertarian||Branden C. McCullough||4,268||1.96||+1.29|
|2004 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri’s 8th Congressional District|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||194,039||72.21||+0.45|
|Constitution||Leonard J. Davidson||1,319||0.49|
|2002 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri’s 8th Congressional District|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||135,144||71.76||+2.45|
|Libertarian||Eric Van Oostrom||2,491||1.32||+0.33|
|2000 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri’s 8th Congressional District|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||162,239||69.31||+6.69|
|Libertarian||John B. Hendricks, Jr.||2,328||0.99||-0.71|
|1998 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri’s 8th Congressional District|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||104,271||62.62||+12.15|
|Democratic||Anthony J. “Tony” Heckemeyer||59,426||35.69||-1.59|
|Libertarian||John B. Hendricks, Jr.||2,827||1.70||+0.58|
|1996 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri’s 8th Congressional District|
|Independent||Jo Ann Emerson||112,472||50.47||'|
|Natural Law||David R. Zimmer||1,318||0.59|
- "Emerson's Mother Dies". Sikeston Standard Democrat. September 9, 2003. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
- "EMERSON, Jo Ann, (1950 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- "Jo Ann Emerson to retire in Feb.". Politico. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
- Official Manual State of Missouri 2001–2002. Missouri Secretary of State. p. 117.
- U.S. Congressman Jo Ann Emerson official U.S. House site
- Jo Ann Emerson official campaign site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Profile at SourceWatch
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 8th congressional district
Jason T. Smith