Joachim Wtewael

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Joachim Wtewael
Joachim Wtewael - Self-portrait - Google Art Project.jpg
Self-portrait
Born Utrecht
1566
Died 1 August 1638
Nationality Dutch
Known for Oil painting
Notable work(s) Judgement of Paris
Movement Northern Mannerism

Joachim Anthonisz Wtewael (also spelled Uytewael) (1566 – 1 August 1638), was a Dutch Mannerist painter and draughtsman.[1] Wtewael was equally part of the Flemish school of the sixteenth century and the Dutch School of the early seventeenth.[2]

Life[edit]

Wtewael was most likely born in Utrecht. He was the son of a glass craftsman who settled in the city of Utrecht in 1566.[1] The Netherlands were under the rule of Spain in his time. He began his career in Utrecht, according to Carel van Mander, as a glass maker and glass engraver in his father's workshop. In 1586, he began six years of voyaging through France and Italy, in the company of the bishop of St. Malo, Charles de Bourgneuf de Cucé.[3] Returning to Utrecht in 1592 at the age of twenty-five, Wtewael joined the saddlemakers’ guild as a painter and began producing paintings, drawings, engravings, and stained glass.[4][5]

Career[edit]

The Judgment of Paris, 1615
The Raising of Lazarus, c. 1605-10

One of the last Mannerist painters, Wtewael stuck to the tradition even as most painters adopted the naturalistic style, and was not much influenced by the Italian Mannerism.[1] In 1596 he had a son Peter Wtewael, who became a painter as well.[6]

Wtewael was one of the leading Dutch exponents of Northern Mannerism. His highly distinctive, charming style, which remained untouched by the naturalistic developments happening around him, was characterized by acidic colours and elegant figures in wilfully distorted poses.[1]

He trained whith Hendrick Goltzius, who was one of its leading proponents of the current mannerism style, dominant at the time. This style of Italian origin, and was mostly embraced in the Netherlands through indirect sources, such as prints from Italy and inspration from the works of Bartholomeus Spranger, who chosed to seattle in the court of Prague.[1] This explain the specific aesthetically bizarre quality of the Northern Mannerism, compared with mannerism Italian.[7] The painting Raising of Lazarus, where Lazarus had been brought back to life is presented as an emotional event, painted with figures in contorted poses, with dramatic hand gestures.[8]

The biggest collection of his work, which is including a self-portrait (1601), is in the Centraal Museum, Utrecht.[9]

Mars and Venus Surprised by the Gods or Mars and Venus Discovered by the Gods 1605

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e Beckett (1994), p. 165
  2. ^ www.nationalgallery.org.uk "artists/joachim-wtewael www.nationalgallery". www.nationalgallery.org.uk. Retrieved November 2014. 
  3. ^ "/wtewael/joachim/biography". /www.wga.hu. Retrieved November 2014. 
  4. ^ www.nationalgallery.org.uk "artists/joachim-wtewael www.nationalgallery". www.nationalgallery.org.uk. Retrieved November 2014. 
  5. ^ "gettyguide/Joachim Anthonisz. Wtewael". www.getty.edu. Retrieved November 2014. 
  6. ^ www.nationalgallery.org.uk "artists/joachim-wtewael www.nationalgallery". www.nationalgallery.org.uk. Retrieved November 2014. 
  7. ^ www.nationalgallery.org.uk "artists/joachim-wtewael www.nationalgallery". www.nationalgallery.org.uk. Retrieved November 2014. 
  8. ^ "joachim-wtewael-the-raising-of-lazarus". www.nationalgallery.org.uk. 
  9. ^ "The Golden Age, Joachim Wtewael". www.jstor.org. 

Bibliography

  • Beckett, Wendy (1994), The Story of Painting, The Essential Guide to the History of Western Art, Dorling Kidersley, ISBN 978-0751301335 
  • Lindeman, Catharinus Marius Anne Alettus (1929) Joachim Anthonisz Wtewael. Oosthoek, Utrecht. OCLC 560609176
  • Myers, Bernard Samuel (ed.) (1969) "Wtewael, Joachim Anthonisz (1566?-1638)". McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Art, McGraw-Hill, New York. ISBN 0-07-079724-2
  • Lowenthal, Anne W. (1986) Joachim Wtewael and Dutch mannerism. Davaco, Doornspijk, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-70288-24-9
  • Chilvers, Ian and Osborne, Harold (editors) (1988) "Wtewael, Joachim (1566-1638)". The Oxford Dictionary of Art, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England. ISBN 0-19-866133-9
  • Lowenthal, Anne W. (1995) Joachom Wtewal: Mars and Venus Surprised by Vulcan. J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, California. ISBN 0-89236-304-5
  • Brigstocke, Hugh (editor) (2001) "Wtewael, Joachim (1566-1638)". The Oxford Companion to Western Art, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England. ISBN 0-19-866203-3

External links[edit]