Joadja, New South Wales
It was a thriving mining town between 1870–1911. It was home for approximately 1,100 people, many of whom were skilled immigrants from Scotland, and was connected to the nearby town of Mittagong by a narrow gauge railway that terminated adjacent to the main Southern Railway line in Mittagong. The town existed to mine oil shale from which kerosene was extracted by the Australian Kerosene Oil and Mineral Co. The process was superseded by conventional kerosene production from oil and the oil shale mining became uneconomical. By 1911, the town had become deserted as inhabitants relocated in search of work. The property was auctioned off that year to a private buyer. The fruit orchard, which included 6,700 trees continued to operate until 1924, exporting fruit for local and interstate consumption.
Situated in a deep valley, the town had limited access by road, instead exporting shale via a steep railway out of the valley. The passage into Joadja has improved greatly since then, with the gravel access road maintained annually. The township is still recognisable, despite the state of its ruins. The sandstone school, the mine, houses, refinery and even the cemetery remain as a testament to the community that lived in the valley more than a century ago.
Local lore is that the old town is haunted by at least two ghosts.
The property has recently been resold, with the new owners setting up a boutique whisky distillery as well as continuing conservation work of the township. Large parts of the valley have now been sub-divided and sold for hobby farms. The ruins of the retorts, refinery and houses are being stabilised to ensure future generations the opportunity to view the site and appreciate its part in Australia's national heritage. The Federal Government has recently awarded the new owners a Conservation Grant to assist with protecting the ruins and enhancing the overall experience.
- Knapman, Leonie (1988). Joadja Creek: the shale oil town and its people 1870-1911 (2003 ed.). Hale & Iremonger, Sydney. ISBN 0-86806-644-3
- Knapman, Leonie; Hutton, Adrian (1997). Australian Kerosene Oil & Mineral Company Limited - Joadja Creek (2006 ed.). Hypercet Printing, Mittagong. ISBN 0-64634-020-4
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