Joan Carlile

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For the opera singer, see Joan Carlyle.
Joan Carlile
Born Joan Palmer[1]
c. 1606[1]
Died 1679[1]
Nationality English
Known for portrait painting
Spouse(s) Lodowick Carlell or Carlile[1]

Joan Carlile or Carlell or Carliell[2] (c. 1606–1679),[1] an English portrait painter, was one of the very first women to practise painting professionally.[3]

Biography[edit]

Joan Carlile's portrait Lady Dorothy Browne, née Mileham; Sir Thomas Browne

Joan Carlile was born as Joan Palmer, the daughter of William Palmer, an official in the Royal Parks.[4] Carlile copied the works of Italian masters and reproduced them in miniature.[4] She was also an accomplished painter in her own right.

In July 1626[2] she married Lodowick Carlell or Carlile, Gentleman of the Bows to Charles I and a poet and dramatist,[4] who, as keeper/deputy ranger at Richmond Park during the Commonwealth period, had accommodation at Petersham Lodge.[5] The couple moved to Covent Garden in 1654[3] but returned to Petersham two years later.[1]

Lodowick died in 1675 and was buried in Petersham churchyard. Joan, who was then living in the parish of St Martin in the Fields,[2] died in 1679, and was buried beside her husband on 27 February.[1][2]

They had two children, James (who was married to Ellen; they had two sons, James and Lodowick) and Penelope (married to John Fisher, a lawyer of the Middle Temple).[2]

Works[edit]

Carlile's portrait Lady Dorothy Browne, née Mileham; Sir Thomas Browne is held at London's National Portrait Gallery.[6] The National Portrait Gallery's portrait of Sir Thomas Browne is also attributed to her.

A painting from circa 1648[7] of Elizabeth Murray, Countess of Dysart with her husband and sister has been attributed to Carlile and is held by the National Trust. It is on display at Ham House.[7][8] Another painting of the Countess of Dysart, attributed to Carlile, is held by the Thirlestane Castle Trust.[9] The Carlile Family with Sir Justinian Isham in Richmond Park is held at Lamport Hall in Northamptonshire.[10]

Her full-length portrait of a lady, believed be Lady Anne Wentworth, in a white dress and a purple mantle, is in a private collection.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Arianne Burnette (2010). "Joan Carlile". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Charles H Gray (1905). "Lodowick Carliell; his life, a discussion of his plays, and The deserving favourite, a tragi-comedy reprinted from the original edition of 1629". University of Chicago Press. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Margaret Toynbee and Gyles Isham (September 1954). "Joan Carlile (1606?–1679): An Identification". The Burlington Magazine 96 (618). Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Cathy Hartley (2005). A Historical Dictionary of British Women. Europa. p. 166. Retrieved 4 March 2013. 
  5. ^ David McDowall (1996). Richmond Park: The Walker's Historical Guide. David McDowall. p. 47. 
  6. ^ "Lady Dorothy Browne, née Mileham; Sir Thomas Browne". Your paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection. BBC. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Elizabeth Murray, Countess of Dysart (1626–1698), with her First Husband, Sir Lionel Tollemache (1624–1669), and her Sister, Margaret Murray, Lady Maynard (c.1638–1682)". National Trust Collections. National Trust. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Elizabeth Murray (1626–1698), Countess of Dysart, with Her First Husband, Sir Lionel Tollemache (1624–1669), and Her Sister, Margaret Murray (c.1638–1682), Lady Maynard". Your paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection. BBC. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Elizabeth Murray (c.1630–1698), Countess of Dysart and Duchess of Lauderdale". Your paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection. BBC. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "The Carlile Family with Sir Justinian Isham in Richmond Park by Joan Carlile". Your paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection. BBC. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  11. ^ "Lot 303: Joan Carlisle (London? c. 1606-1679 Petersham)". Important Old Master Paintings by Christie's. Invaluable. 26 January 2005. Retrieved 22 February 2015.