Joan Carlile

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For the opera singer, see Joan Carlyle.
Joan Carlile
Born Joan Palmer[1]
c. 1606[1]
Died 1679[1]
Nationality English
Known for portrait painter
Spouse(s) Lodowick Carlell or Carlile[1]

Joan Carlile or Carlell or Carliell[2] (c. 1606 – 1679),[1] an English portrait painter, was one of the very first women to practise painting professionally.[3]

Paintings[edit]

Carlile copied the works of Italian masters and reproduced them in miniature.[4] She was also an accomplished painter in her own right.

Joan Carlile's portrait Lady Dorothy Browne, née Mileham; Sir Thomas Browne

Carlile's portrait Lady Dorothy Browne, née Mileham; Sir Thomas Browne is held at London's National Portrait Gallery.[5] The National Portrait Gallery's portrait of Sir Thomas Browne is also attributed to her.

A painting (circa 1648)[6] of Elizabeth Murray, Countess of Dysart with her husband and sister has been attributed to Carlile and is held by the National Trust. It is on display at Ham House.[6][7] Another painting of the Countess of Dysart, attributed to Carlile, is held by the Thirlestane Castle Trust.[8]

The Carlile Family with Sir Justinian Isham in Richmond Park[1] is held at Lamport Hall in Northamptonshire.[9]

Personal life[edit]

She was born as Joan Palmer, the daughter of William Palmer, an official in the Royal Parks.[4] In July 1626[2] she married Lodowick Carlell or Carlile, Gentleman of the Bows to Charles I and a poet and dramatist,[4] who, as keeper/deputy ranger at Richmond Park during the Commonwealth period, had accommodation at Petersham Lodge.[10] The couple moved to Covent Garden in 1654[3] but returned to Petersham two years later.[1]

Lodowick died in 1675 and was buried in Petersham churchyard. Joan, who was then living in the parish of St Martin in the Fields,[2] died in 1679, and was buried beside her husband on 27 February.[1][2]

They had two children, James (who was married to Ellen; they had two sons, James and Lodowick) and Penelope (married to John Fisher, a lawyer of the Middle Temple).[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Arianne Burnette (2004; online edition, September 2010). "Joan Carlile". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 3 December 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e Charles H Gray (1905). "Lodowick Carliell; his life, a discussion of his plays, and The deserving favourite, a tragi-comedy reprinted from the original edition of 1629". University of Chicago Press. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Margaret Toynbee and Gyles Isham (September 1954). "Joan Carlile (1606?–1679): An Identification". The Burlington Magazine 96 (618). Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Cathy Hartley (2005). A Historical Dictionary of British Women. Europa. p. 166. Retrieved 4 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Lady Dorothy Browne, née Mileham; Sir Thomas Browne". Your paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection. BBC. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Elizabeth Murray, Countess of Dysart (1626–1698), with her First Husband, Sir Lionel Tollemache (1624–1669), and her Sister, Margaret Murray, Lady Maynard (c.1638–1682)". National Trust Collections. National Trust. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Elizabeth Murray (1626–1698), Countess of Dysart, with Her First Husband, Sir Lionel Tollemache (1624–1669), and Her Sister, Margaret Murray (c.1638–1682), Lady Maynard". Your paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection. BBC. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Elizabeth Murray (c.1630–1698), Countess of Dysart and Duchess of Lauderdale". Your paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection. BBC. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "The Carlile Family with Sir Justinian Isham in Richmond Park by Joan Carlile". Your paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection. BBC. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  10. ^ David McDowall (1996). Richmond Park: The Walker's Historical Guide. David McDowall. p. 47.