Joan Carlile or Carlell (1600–1679), an English portrait painter, was one of the very first women to practise painting professionally.
Carlile copied the works of Italian masters and reproduced them in miniature. She was also an accomplished painter in her own right.
Carlile's portrait Lady Dorothy Browne, née Mileham; Sir Thomas Browne is held at London's National Portrait Gallery. The National Portrait Gallery's portrait of Sir Thomas Browne is also attributed to her.
Carlile's painting of Elizabeth Dysart with her husband and sister is held at the Victoria and Albert Museum.
The Carlile Family with Sir Justinian Isham in Richmond Park is held at Lamport Hall in Northamptonshire.
Personal life 
She was born as Joan Palmer, the daughter of William Palmer, an official in the Royal Parks. In 1626 she married Lodowick Carlell or Carlile, Gentleman of the Bows to Charles I and a poet and dramatist, who, as keeper/deputy ranger at Richmond Park during the Commonwealth period, had accommodation at Petersham Lodge. The couple moved to Covent Garden in 1654 but returned to Petersham two years later. Lodowick died in 1675 and was buried in Petersham churchyard. Joan died in 1679, and was buried beside her husband on 27 February.
They had two children, James (who was married to Ellen) and Penelope (married to John Fisher, a lawyer of the Middle Temple).
See also