Joan Gamper Trophy
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|Number of teams||2 (1997–)
|Most successful club(s)||Barcelona (37 titles)|
|Television broadcasters||TV3 Televisió de Catalunya|
The Joan Gamper Trophy (Catalan: Trofeu Joan Gamper) or Joan Gamper Cup is an annual friendly football competition held in August, before the start of Spanish club FC Barcelona's La Liga season. The competition is hosted by FC Barcelona at the Camp Nou stadium and is named in honour of Joan Gamper, a founding member, player, and later president of the club. The competition was inaugurated in 1966 by Enric Llaudet, one of Gamper's successors as club president. The trophy itself is an 800 grams (1.8 lb) silver cup with five micrometres of gold finishing, on top of a 10 kilograms (22 lb) marble plinth base.
Initially, four teams participated in the competition, which featured two semi-finals, a third-place play-off, and a final. For the first competition in 1966, Barcelona were joined by Belgium's RSC Anderlecht, France's FC Nantes, and Germany's 1. FC Köln. Barcelona beat the German team 3–1 in the final. Köln subsequently won the competition in 1978 and 1981 and were runners-up in 1979, making them the only team, other than the hosts, to win the competition more than once. The next edition saw the first appearance of another Spanish team, Atlético Madrid, who along with the hosts, were joined by German side Bayern Munich, and Argentina's Boca Juniors. The latter two clubs are among the most regular guests. Bayern were runners-up in 1984, 1987 and 2006, while Boca became the first of several South American guests to be invited and have since returned in 1977, 1984, 2003 and 2008.
Subsequent competitions have included teams from the Italian Serie A, while the German Bundesliga has also provided regular entrants. Other Spanish La Liga clubs have also occasionally been invited, including Tenerife and Valencia, who were winners in 1993 and 1994, respectively. Since 1997, the competition has only featured a one-off game, the tournament being shortened due to an increased fixture list and a shorter close season. If the match is tied after the 90 minutes, no extra-time is played and the winner is decided after a penalty shootout.
The only non-European team to win the tournament was Brazil's Internacional, in 1982.
Winners and finals
A (p) marks the winner was determined after a penalty shootout.
Titles by club
Participation by club
Below is the participation by club listed, grouped by country.
- Lozano Ferrer, Carles et al (19 February 2010). "Trofeo Joan Gamper (Barcelona-Spain) 1966–2008". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- Lozano Ferrer, Carles et al
- "Enric Llaudet". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- Miguel, J.; Giménez, S. (16 August 2008). "La gran fiesta culé" (in Spanish). SPORT.es. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Ibrahimovic makes Barcelona debut in Man City loss". USA Today. 19 August 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- "Conquista Barcelona el Trofeo Joan Gamper". La Cronica de Hoy (in Spanish). 25 August 2010. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "Fabregas scores for Barca". ESPN soccernet. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "Sampdoria to face Barça in the Gamper on August 20". fcbarcelona.com. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "FC Barcelona v Santos: Gamper of goals and high hopes (8-0)". fcbarcelona.com. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- "FC Barcelona – Club León: NIght full of promise(6-0)". fcbarcelona.com. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Joan Gamper Trophy, Official FC Barcelona Trophy, collection of programmes and other articles about the Trophy". Pins Penyes.