Joan II, Countess of Burgundy

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Joan II
Joan II of Burgundy.jpg
Countess of Burgundy
Reign 1315–1330
Predecessor Robert
Successor Joan III
Countess of Artois
Reign 1329–1330
Predecessor Matilda
Successor Joan III
Queen consort of France and Navarre
Reign 1316–1322
Spouse Philip V of France
Issue Joan III, Countess of Burgundy
Margaret I, Countess of Burgundy
Isabelle, Dauphine of Viennois
Blanche of France
House House of Châlon-Arlay
Father Otto IV, Count of Burgundy
Mother Mahaut, Countess of Artois
Born (1292-01-15)15 January 1292
Died 21 January 1330(1330-01-21) (aged 38)
Roye-en-Artois
Burial Saint Denis Basilica
Religion Roman Catholicism

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy (French: Jeanne; 15 January 1292 – 21 January 1330), was the eldest daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, and Mahaut, Countess of Artois, and was Queen of France as the wife of Philip V of France.

Biography[edit]

Coat of arms of Joan II.

In the beginning of 1314, Joan's sister Blanche and her sister-in-law Margaret were convicted of adultery with two knights, upon the testimony of their sister-in-law, Isabella in the Tour de Nesle Affair. Joan was thought to have known of the affairs, and was placed under house arrest at Dourdan as punishment. She continued to protest her innocence, as did her husband, who had refused to repudiate her, and by 1315 - through the influence of her mother and husband - her name had been cleared by the Paris Parlement, and she was allowed to return to court.[1] Nevertheless, her daughter Joan, born on 2 May 1308, could hardly be suspected of illegitimacy, since the Tour de Nesles entered the royal domain only in 1308, after she was conceived, and since it is believed that, away from the court, Blanche and Margaret committed adultery there only from 1311.

With the death of King John I of France, her husband became King Philip V of France; Joan became queen consort. She was crowned with her husband at Reims on 9 January 1317.

After her acquittal and return to the royal court, Joan and Philip produced two more children; neither survived childhood.

Her father, the Count of Burgundy, died in 1302, and his titles were inherited by his only legitimate son, Robert. Upon Robert's death in 1315, the County of Burgundy was inherited by Joan. In 1329, she inherited her mother's County of Artois.

After her husband's death, Joan lived in her own domains. She died at Roye-en-Artois, on 21 January 1330, and was buried in Saint-Denis beside her husband. Her titles were inherited by her eldest daughter, Joan III, who had married Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy, in 1318. With Joan II's death, the County and Duchy of Burgundy became united through this marriage. The Counties of Burgundy and Artois were eventually inherited by her younger daughter Margaret in 1361.

Joan left provision in her will for the founding of a college in Paris; it was named Université de Bourgogne, "Burgundy University."

Issue[edit]

The seal of Joan II

With Philip V of France:

  1. Joan III (1308–1349), Countess of Burgundy and Artois, wife of Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy
  2. Margaret I (1310–1382), Countess of Burgundy and Artois, wife of Louis I, Count of Flanders
  3. Isabelle (c. 1312 – April 1348), wife of Guigues VIII de La Tour du Pin, Dauphin de Viennois
  4. Philip (1313 – March 1321)
  5. Blanche (1313–1358), a nun

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weir, Alison, Isabella
French nobility
Preceded by
Robert
Countess Palatine of Burgundy
with Philip II

1315–1330
Succeeded by
Joan III
Preceded by
Matilda
Countess of Artois
1329–1330
French royalty
Preceded by
Clementia of Hungary
Queen consort of France and Navarre
1316–1322
Succeeded by
Blanche of Burgundy