Joan I of Navarre

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Joan I
JanaNavarra BNf.jpg
Drawing of Joan I
Queen of Navarre; Countess of Champagne
Reign 1274–1305
Predecessor Henry I
Successor Louis I
Queen consort of France
Reign 1285–1305
Spouse Philip IV of France
Issue
Louis X of France
Philip V of France
Charles IV of France
Isabella, Queen of England
House House of Champagne
Father Henry I of Navarre
Mother Blanche of Artois
Born (1273-01-14)14 January 1273
Bar-sur-Seine, France
Died 2 April 1305(1305-04-02) (aged 32)
Chateau de Vincennes, France
Religion Roman Catholicism

Joan I (also known as Jeanne I and Juana I) (14 January 1273[1] – 31 March/2 April 1305),[2] the daughter of king Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois, reigned as queen regnant of Navarre and also served as queen consort of France.

Life[edit]

Funeral of Joan

Joan was born in Bar-sur-Seine on 14 January 1273. The following year 1274, upon the death of her father, she became Countess of Champagne and Queen regnant of Navarre. Her mother was her guardian and regent in Navarre. Various powers, both foreign and Navarrese, sought to take advantage of the minority of the heiress and the "weakness" of the female regent, which caused Joan and her mother to seek protection at the court of Philip III of France.

At the age of 11 and a half (based on the date of birth above), Joan married the future Philip IV of France on 16 August 1284, becoming queen of France a year later. Their three surviving sons would all rule as kings of France, in turn, and their only surviving daughter, Isabella became queen consort of England. Queen Joan founded the famous College of Navarre in Paris.

Joan was described as having been a plump, plain woman, whereas her beautiful daughter Isabella resembled her father more in physical appearance.[3] As regards her character, Joan was bold, courageous, and enterprising. She even led an army against the Count of Bar when he rebelled against her.

Joan died in 1305, allegedly in childbirth, though one chronicler accused her husband of having killed her. Her personal physician was the inventor Guido da Vigevano.

Issue[edit]

With Philip IV of France:

  1. Margaret (1288 – c. 1294)
  2. Louis X of France, King Louis I of Navarre from 1305, France from 1314 (October 1289 – 5 June 1316)
  3. Blanche (1290 – c. 1294)
  4. Philip V of France and Navarre (as Philip II) (1292/93 – 3 January 1322)
  5. Charles IV of France and Navarre (as Charles I) (c. 1294 – 1 February 1328)
  6. Isabella (c. 1295 – 23 August 1358), married Edward II of England
  7. Robert (1297 – July 1308)

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  • Doherty, P.C. Isabella and the Strange Death of Edward II
  1. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Kings of Navarre
  2. ^ An annotated index of medieval women. Markus Wiener Publishers. 1992. Retrieved 2010-03-25. 
  3. ^ Costain[full citation needed], p.82; Weir[full citation needed], p.12.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Henry the Fat
Queen of Navarre
Countess of Champagne

1274–1305
With: Philip the Fair
Succeeded by
Louis the Headstrong
French royalty
Preceded by
Maria of Brabant
Queen consort of France
1285–1305
Succeeded by
Margaret of Burgundy