Joan of Navarre, Queen of England

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Joan of Navarre
Joana Canterbury.jpg
Duchess consort of Brittany
Tenure 2 October 1386 – 1 November 1399
Queen consort of England
Consort 7 February 1403 – 20 March 1413
Coronation 26 February 1403
Spouse John V, Duke of Brittany
m. 1386; dec. 1399
Henry IV of England
m. 1403; wid. 1413
Issue
among others
Joan of Brittany
John VI, Duke of Brittany
Marie, Lady of La Guerche
Margaret, Lady of Guillac
Arthur III, Duke of Brittany
Gilles of Brittany
Richard, Count of Étampes
Blanche, Countess of Armagnac
House House of Évreux
Father Charles II of Navarre
Mother Joan of Valois
Born c. 1370
Pamplona, Navarre
Died 10 June 1437(1437-06-10) (aged c. 66–67)
Havering-atte-Bower, London
Burial Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

Joan of Navarre (c. 1370 – 10 June 1437) was a Duchess consort of Brittany and a Queen consort of England. She was the regent of Brittany from 1399 until 1403 during the minority of her son. She was a daughter of King Charles II of Navarre and Joan of France.[1] She was the Duchess consort of Brittany through marriage with John V of Brittany and later the Queen consort of England through marriage with King Henry IV of England.

First marriage: Duchess of Brittany[edit]

On 2 October 1386, Joanna married her first husband, John V, Duke of Brittany.[2] [a] They had nine children:

Second marriage: Queen of England[edit]

Joanna of Navarre's arms as queen consort[3]

Her first husband died on 1 November 1399. She remained a widow for four years and acted as a regent for her son John VI during that time. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, affection developed between Joanna and Henry Bolingbroke (the future King Henry IV) while he resided at the Breton court during his banishment from England. In 1403, Joan became the second wife of Henry IV. They had no children, but she is recorded as having had a good relationship with Henry's children from his first marriage, often taking the side of the future Henry V, "Prince Hal," in his quarrels with his father.

Nevertheless, during the reign of Henry V, she was accused of using witchcraft to try to poison him. She was convicted in 1419 and imprisoned for about four years in Pevensey Castle in Sussex, England. After that she lived quietly at Nottingham Castle, through Henry V's reign and into that of his son, Henry VI. She is buried in Canterbury Cathedral next to Henry IV.

Ancestry[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Joan was the third wife of John V of Brittany and the only one to bear him children.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leese, Thelma Anna,Blood royal: Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England, 1066–1399, (Heritage Books Inc., 2007), 219.
  2. ^ Jones, Michael, The Creation of Brittany, (Hambledon Press, 1988), 123.
  3. ^ Boutell, Charles (1863), A Manual of Heraldry, Historical and Popular, London: Winsor & Newton, p. 276 

External links[edit]

French nobility
Vacant
Title last held by
Joan Holland
Duchess consort of Brittany
2 October 1386 – 1 November 1399
Succeeded by
Joan of Valois
English royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Isabella of Valois
Queen consort of England
Lady of Ireland

7 February 1403 – 20 March 1413
Vacant
Title next held by
Catherine of Valois