Joan the Wad
Joan the Wad is a mythological character in Cornish folklore. Specifically, she is the Queen of the Pixies (or Piskeys), fictional tiny creatures usually associated with the area of Cornwall and Devon.
Joan the Wad has been associated with Jack o' the Lantern, the King of the Pixies. The two may also be considered will-o'-the-wisp type characters who lead travelers astray on lonely moors, hence the rhyme:
However, Joan is also thought use her Wad (Torch) to light the way to safety and good luck, as another rhyme says:
Sometimes high, sometimes low and sometimes in the sod. If you want luck well enow, then keep near Joan the Wad.
Joan the Wad is often depicted naked and associated with fire and water elements.
In the last century, there has been a thriving cottage industry in Joan the Wad lucky charms. People will carry small figures of Joan the Wad for good luck, a small collection of antique figures is housed at the Museum of Witchcraft in Boscastle. Her image also appears on door knockers to serve as a protective spirit. 
- Illes, Judika (2009). Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses. New York, NY: HarperCollins. p. 531. ISBN 0061350249.
- Couch, Jonathan (1871). The History of Polperro. Simpkin, Marshall & Co.
- Courtney, Margaret Ann; Couch, Thomas Quiller (1880). Glossary of Words in Use in Cornwall. Trübner & Co.
- Simpson, Jacqueline; Roud, Steve (2000). A Dictionary of English Folklore. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 019210019X.
- Northall, G.F. (1892). English Folk-Rhymes. K. Paul, Trench, Trübner.
- "Pisky: Joan the Wad". Museum of Witchcraft in Boscastle, Cornwall. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
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