Joannicius III of Constantinople

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Joannicius III
Јоаникије III
Ιωαννίκιος Γ΄
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Church Church of Constantinople
Installed 26 March 1761
Term ended 21 May 1763
Predecessor Serapheim II
Successor Samuel I
Personal details
Born c. 1700
Died 1793
Monastery of Halki
Previous post Patriarch of Serbs 1739-46
Metropolitan of Chalcedon

Joannicius III (Greek: Ιωαννίκιος Γ΄, Serbian: Јоаникије III), born Ioannis Karatzas, was Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of the Serbs from 1739 to 1746[1] and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1761 to 1763. The ordinal number of his title is III both for his office as Patriarch of Pec and of Constantinople.

Life[edit]

Joannicius was born circa 1700 from the influential Byzantine and Phanariote Karatzas (or Caradja) family.[2] He became a deacon serving Patriarch Paisius II and later he was appointed protosyncellus.[3]

With the 1739 Treaty of Belgrade which ended the Austro-Turkish War, 1737-1739, the Kingdom of Serbia ceased to exist. The Ottoman sultan deposed the pro-Serbian Patriarch of Peć Arsenije IV and in his place appointed the Greek Joannicius, who took the title of Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of the Serbs. The previous Patriarch Arsenije IV moved north to the Habsburg Monarchy along with many Serbs, in what is known as the Second Serbian Migration. Arsenije IV became Metropolitan of Karlovci, maintaining however deep connections with the Serbs who remained in the Ottoman Empire under the jurisdiction of Joannicius. Joannicius remained Patriarch of Peć until 1746, when, burdened with debts due to his high-living, he was forced to sell the title to pay his creditors.[3]

After returning to Constantinople, in September 1747 he obtained an appointment as Metropolitan of Chalcedon. On 26 March 1761 he was elected Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, an office he maintained until 21 May 1763, when he was deposed and exiled to Mount Athos.[4]

Thanks to the support of his family, Joannicius returned from the exile and obtained the revenue from the monastery of the island of Halki near Constantinople, where he died in 1793.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Народна енциклопедија (1927 г.)
  2. ^ Genealogical Tree of the Caradja Family
  3. ^ a b c R. Aubert (2000). "Joannikios III". Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques 27. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. 1379-80. ISBN 2-7063-0210-0. 
  4. ^ Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6.