Joanna, Duchess of Brabant
|Duchess of Brabant
Duchess of Lothier
Duchess of Limburg
|Spouse(s)||William IV, Count of Holland
Wenceslaus I, Duke of Luxembourg
The Duchess of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg
|Noble family||House of Reginar|
|Father||John III, Duke of Brabant|
|Born||24 June 1322|
|Died||1 November 1406|
Joanna's maternal grandparents were Louis d'Évreux and his wife, Margaret of Artois. Her paternal grandparents were John II, Duke of Brabant and his wife Margaret of England. Margaret of England was a daughter of Edward I of England and his first wife Eleanor of Castile.
Joanna was the eldest child born to her parents. Only herself and two other sister, Margaret and Marie lived to adulthood; her three younger brothers died in childhood.
Joanna's first marriage, in 1334, was to William IV, Count of Holland (1307–1345), who subsequently died in battle and their only son William died young, thus foiling that project of unifying their territories.
Her second marriage was to Wenceslaus of Luxemburg. The famous document, the foundation of the rule of law in Brabant called the Blijde Inkomst ("Joyous Entry"), was arrived at in January 1356, in order to assure Joanna and her consort peacable entry into their capital and to settle the inheritance of the Duchy of Brabant on her "natural heirs", who were Joanna's sisters, they being more acceptable to the burghers of Brabant than rule by the House of Luxembourg.
As events transpired, the document was a dead letter, with the military incursion into Brabant of the Count of Flanders, Louis II, who had married Margaret, Joanna's younger sister, and considered himself Duke of Brabant by right of his wife. By August 1356 Joanna and Wencelaus had called upon the Emperor, Charles IV to support them by force of arms. Charles met at Maastricht with the parties concerned, including representatives of the towns, and all agreed to nullify certain terms of the Blijde Inkomst, to satisfy the Luxembourg dynasty.
On Joanna's death, by agreement the Duchy passed to her great-nephew Antoine de Valois, the second son of her sister's daughter Margaret de Dampierre, Countess of Flanders, who had married Philip II, Duke of Burgundy.
Her tomb was not erected in the Carmelite church in Brussels until the late 1450s; it was paid for in 1459 by her descendant, duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. Though it was destroyed in the course of the French Revolutionary Wars, its appearance has been reconstructed from drawings and descriptions by Lorne Campbell, who concluded that the tomb was an afterthought, providing an inexpensive piece of propaganda for Philip's dynastic rights.
|Joanna, Duchess of Brabant||Father:
John III, Duke of Brabant
John II, Duke of Brabant
John I, Duke of Brabant
Margaret of Flanders
Margaret of England
Edward I of England
Eleanor of Castile
Philip III of France
Maria of Brabant
Margaret of Artois
Philip of Artois
Blanche of Brittany
See also 
- The war of succession, it politics and protagonists, events and cultural context, are examined in Sergio Boffa, Warfare in medieval Brabant, 1356-1406 2004.
- Campbell, "The Tomb of Joanna, Duchess of Brabant" Renaissance Studies 2.2, (2008) pp 163-72.
- Philip's position is outlined in Robert Stein "Philip the Good and the German Empire. The legitimation of the Burgundian succession to the German principalities", Centre Européen d'Etudes Bourguignonnes 36, 1996.
John III, Duke of Brabant
|Duchess of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg