Joanna Maranhão

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Joanna Maranhão
Joana maranhao.JPG
Joanna Maranhão
Personal information
Full name Joanna de Albuquerque Maranhão Bezerra de Melo
Nationality  Brazil
Born (1987-04-29) April 29, 1987 (age 27)
Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
Height 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Weight 58 kg (128 lb)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Medley

Joanna de Albuquerque Maranhão Bezerra de Melo, or Joanna Maranhão (born April 29, 1987 in Recife, Pernambuco) is a medley swimmer from Brazil, who competed at three consecutive Summer Olympics for her native country, starting in 2004.[1] She was a finalist in the 400-metre individual medley at 2004 Athens, finishing in 5th place, the best position of all time obtained by the Brazil women's swimming. Joanna also broke countless Brazilian and South American records, being one of the most important swimmers in Brazil's history.

International career[edit]

At 12 years old, she was in the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg.[2]

At the 2002 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships in Yokohama, she finished 13th in the 400-metre individual medley, 14th in the 200-metre individual medley, and 16th in the 200-metre breaststroke. She broke the Brazilian record of the 400-metre individual medley at 15 years old, in this competition.[3][4]

At the 2003 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, she finished 15th in the 400-metre individual medley, beating the Brazilian record with a time of 4:49.04.[5][6] She also finished 24th in the 200-metre individual medley [7] and 29th in the 200-metre breaststroke.[8]

She won the bronze medal in the women's 400-metre individual medley at the 2003 Pan American Games in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.[9] She also finished 4th in the 200-metre individual medley, and 8th in 200-meter breaststroke.[10][11]

At 17 years old, she was a finalist in the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, where she finished 5th in 400-metre individual medley, the best placement obtained by a Brazilian woman swimmer at all times. Also ranked 7th in 4×200-metre freestyle, and 11th in the 200-metre individual medley.[1] Joanna Maranhão broke the South American record of the 4×200-metre freestyle with a time of 8:05.29, along with Paula Baracho, Mariana Brochado and Monique Ferreira, record that was not broken until today; she also broke the South American record of the 200-metre individual medley, with a time of 2:15.43, at semifinals. At the 400-metre individual medley, the Argentine swimmer Georgina Bardach broke the South American record and won the bronze medal doing 4:37.51; Maranhão broke the Brazilian record with 4:44.00, record that was not broken until today.[12]

After Athens 2004, Joanna Maranhão had a big dip in form, which has been slowly recovering over the years. Maranhão was champion of South American Championships, in the 200-metre individual medley, on 2006, and seven times champion of the Jose Finkel Trophy, in the 200-metre and 400-metre individual medley (2002-2008).

In 2004 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m), held in Indianapolis, Joanna was in 8th place in the qualifiers of 400-metre individual medley, but did not swim the final.[13] In 200-metre backstroke, suffered disqualification;[14] and ranked 6th in the 4×200-metre freestyle relay.[15]

Maranhão was at the 2005 World Aquatics Championships in Montreal, Canada, where she finished 21st in the 400-metre individual medley,[16] 10th in the 200-metre individual medley [17] and 13th in the 4×200-metre freestyle [18]

Participating in the 2006 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m) in Shanghai, China, obtained the 12th place in the 400-metre individual medley,[19] 13th in the 200-metre individual medley [20] and 9th in the 4×200-metre freestyle.[21]

Participating in the 2006 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, in Victoria, Maranhão finished 14th in the 200-metre individual medley,[22] 14th in the 400-metre individual medley,[23] 14th in the 200-metre butterfly [24] and 28th in the 200-metre backstroke.[25]

She was at the 2007 Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro, where she finished 4th in the 200-metre and 400-metre individual medley.[26][27] She won the bronze medal in the 4×200-metre freestyle, by having swum the playoff race.[28]

At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, she finished 17th in 400-metre individual medley, 22nd in the 200-metre individual medley, and 22nd in the 200-metre butterfly.[1]

She was at the 2009 World Aquatics Championships in Rome, Italy, where she finished 12th in the 200-metre individual medley,[29] 20th in the 200-metre butterfly [30] and 22nd in the 400-metre individual medley.[31]

At the 2010 South American Games in Medellín, Maranhão won five gold medals in the 200-metre individual medley, 400-metre individual medley, 200-metre butterfly, 400-metre freestyle and 4×200-metre freestyle. She also won a bronze medal in the 800-metre freestyle.[32][33][34]

She was at the 2010 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships in Irvine, where she finished 6th in the 4×200-metre freestyle,[35] 11th in the 400-metre individual medley,[36] 12th in the 200-metre butterfly,[37] 17th in the 200-metre individual medley,[38] and dropped the 400-metre freestyle.[39]

Participating in the 2011 Pan American Games in Guadalajara, Mexico, she got the silver medal in the 400-metre individual medley, getting close to defeat the short course world record holder, Julia Smit. She also got the silver in the 4×200-metre freestyle relay, and bronze in the 200-metre individual medley, besides being in 4th place in 200-metre butterfly and 400-metre freestyle.[40][41]

At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, she finished 15th in the 200-metre individual medley, and 26th in the 200-metre butterfly.[1]

At the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Maranhão finished 16th in the 200-metre butterfly,[42] 17th in the 400-metre individual medley,[43] 26th in the 200-metre individual medley[44][45] and dropped the 200-metre backstroke.[46]

Personal bests[edit]

Joanna Maranhão is the current holder, or former holder, of the following records:[47]

Long Course (50 meters):

  • South American record holder of the 200m medley: 2:12.12, time obtained on July 26, 2009 [48]
  • South American record holder of the 200m butterfly: 2:09.41, time obtained on September 5, 2009 [49]
  • South American record holder of the 4x200m freestyle: 8:05.29, time obtained on August 18, 2004, along with Monique Ferreira, Mariana Brochado and Paula Baracho [12]
  • Former Brazilian record holder of the 400m freestyle: 4:12.19, time obtained on May 8, 2009 [50]
  • Brazilian record holder of the 800m freestyle: 8:32.96, time obtained on December 18, 2009 [51]
  • Brazilian record holder of the 400m medley: 4:40.00, time obtained on August 14, 2004 [12]
  • Former South American record holder of the 800m freestyle: 8:42.87, time obtained on June 25, 2004 [52]

Short course (25 meters):

  • South American record holder of the 200m medley: 2:09.03, time obtained on November 6, 2009 [53]
  • South American record holder of the 400m medley: 4:26.98, time obtained on November 7, 2009 [53]
  • South American record holder of the 200m butterfly: 2:04.01, time obtained on November 7, 2009 [53]
  • South American record holder of the 200m backstroke: 2:08.34, time obtained on August 20, 2012 [54]
  • Former South American record holder of the 4x200m freestyle: 8:01.78, time obtained on September 9, 2005, along with Paula Baracho, Manuella Lyrio and Tatiana Lemos [55]
  • Former South American record holder of the 200m freestyle: 1:57.19, time obtained on November 6, 2009 [53]
  • Former South American record holder of the 800m freestyle: 8:32.17, time obtained on September 7, 2004 [56]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Sports Reference Profile". Sports Reference. 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  2. ^ "With 15 medals, seven gold, Winnipeg was a landmark in swimming". R7 (in Portuguese). May 29, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Bruno Bonfim closes as the 12th athlete with index". CBDA (in Portuguese). August 29, 2002. Retrieved May 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Joanna and Henrique: first names to the 2003 Pan Am Games". CBDA (in Portuguese). August 24, 2002. Retrieved May 1, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Results of the 400-metre individual medley at 2003 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 27, 2003. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Joanna Maranhão finishes World Championship with a Brazilian record". CBDA. July 27, 2003. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Results of the 200-metre individual medley at 2003 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 20, 2003. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Results of the 200-metre breaststroke at 2003 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 24, 2003. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Brazil medals at 2003 Pan". UOL (in Portuguese). 2007. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Results of the 2003 Pan Am Games". USA Swimming. 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Results at 2003 Pan". SwimNews. 2003. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "Records in Athens". CBDA (in Portuguese). August 18, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Results of the 400-metre individual medley at 2004 Indianapolis". OmegaTiming. October 7, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Results of the 200-metre backstroke at 2004 Indianapolis". OmegaTiming. October 9, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Results of the 4×200-metre freestyle at 2004 Indianapolis". OmegaTiming. October 7, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Results of the 400-metre individual medley at 2005 Montreal". OmegaTiming. July 31, 2005. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Results of the 200-metre individual medley at 2005 Montreal". OmegaTiming. July 24, 2005. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Results of the 4×200-metre freestyle at 2005 Montreal". OmegaTiming. July 28, 2005. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Results of the 400-metre individual medley at 2006 Shanghai". OmegaTiming. April 5, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Results of the 200-metre individual medley at 2006 Shanghai". OmegaTiming. April 8, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Results of the 4×200-metre freestyle at 2006 Shanghai". OmegaTiming. April 5, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Results of the 200-metre individual medley at 2006 Pan Pac in Victoria". OmegaTiming. August 20, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Results of the 400-metre individual medley at 2006 Pan Pac in Victoria". OmegaTiming. August 18, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Results of the 200-metre butterfly at 2006 Pan Pac in Victoria". OmegaTiming. August 17, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Results of the 200-metre backstroke at 2006 Pan Pac in Victoria". OmegaTiming. August 19, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Joanna is fourth in the 400-metre individual medley". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). July 17, 2007. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Joanna is fourth in the 200m medley". Estadão (in Portuguese). July 20, 2007. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Negreiros and 4×200-metre freestyle are highlights of the night". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). July 17, 2007. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Results of the 200-metre individual medley at 2009 Rome". OmegaTiming. July 26, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Results the 200-metre butterfly at 2009 Rome". OmegaTiming. July 29, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Results of the 400-metre individual medley at 2009 Rome". OmegaTiming. August 2, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Leonardo de Deus defeat Thiago Pereira in the 200-metre backstroke at the Games debut". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). March 26, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Joanna Maranhao wins her fourth gold, and Brazil has 28 medals in Medellin". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). March 28, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Joanna Maranhao wins her fifth gold and holds sovereignty in Medellín". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). March 28, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  35. ^ "Results of the 4×200-metre freestyle at 2010 Pan Pac in Irvine". OmegaTiming. August 19, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Results of the 400-metre individual medley at 2010 Pan Pac in Irvine". OmegaTiming. August 19, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Results of the 200-metre butterfly at 2010 Pan Pac in Irvine". OmegaTiming. August 18, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Results of the 200-metre individual medley at 2010 Pan Pac in Irvine". OmegaTiming. August 21, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  39. ^ "Results of the 400-metre freestyle at 2010 Pan Pac in Irvine". OmegaTiming. August 20, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  40. ^ "Joanna gets close in the 400-metre freestyle". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). October 17, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Joanna says goodbye to the 2011 Pan". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). October 20, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  42. ^ "Results of the 200-metre butterfly at 2013 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 31, 2013. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Results of the 400-metre individual medley at 2013 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. August 4, 2013. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Without forcing, Cesar Cielo and Nicholas Santos advance in the 50-metre butterfly". SPORTV (in Portuguese). July 28, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  45. ^ "Results of the 200-metre individual medley at 2013 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 28, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Results of the 200-metre backstroke at 2013 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. August 2, 2013. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Women's Swimming Records". CBDA (in Portuguese). 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  48. ^ "American pulverizes world record in the 200m medley. Joanna gets off the final". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). July 26, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  49. ^ "Joanna beats South American record in the 200m butterfly at Jose Finkel Trophy". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). September 5, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  50. ^ "César and Nicholas conquered the most disputed vacant to Rome". CBDA (in Portuguese). May 8, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  51. ^ "World record turbine score". CBDA (in Portuguese). December 18, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  52. ^ "Joanna breaks the South American record". CBDA (in Portuguese). June 25, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  53. ^ a b c d "Three South American records and eight finalists in Berlin". CBDA (in Portuguese). November 14, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  54. ^ "With South American record, Joanna Maranhao is gold in 200m backstroke". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). August 20, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  55. ^ "Pinheiros breaks records, and distance in leadership". CBDA (in Portuguese). September 9, 2005. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  56. ^ "Nicholas increases list for World Championships". CBDA (in Portuguese). September 8, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2013.