Joaquín Almunia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Almunia and the second or maternal family name is Amann.
Joaquín Almunia
Joaquin Almunia Mercosul.jpg
European Commissioner for Competition
In office
9 February 2010 – 1 November 2014
President José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by Neelie Kroes
Succeeded by Margrethe Vestager
European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs
In office
24 April 2004 – 9 February 2010
Served with Siim Kallas
President Romano Prodi
José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by Pedro Solbes
Succeeded by Olli Rehn
Leader of the Opposition
In office
14 May 1999 – 1 July 2000
Prime Minister José María Aznar
Preceded by Josep Borrell
Succeeded by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
In office
22 June 1997 – 24 April 1998
Prime Minister José María Aznar
Preceded by Felipe González
Succeeded by Josep Borrell
Minister of Public Administrations
In office
26 July 1986 – 12 March 1991
Prime Minister Felipe González
Preceded by Félix Pons Irazazábal
Succeeded by Juan Manuel Eguiagaray
Minister of Employment
In office
1 December 1982 – 26 July 1986
Prime Minister Felipe González
Preceded by Santiago Rodríguez Miranda
Succeeded by Manuel Chaves González
Personal details
Born Joaquín Almunia Amann
(1948-06-17) 17 June 1948 (age 66)
Bilbao, Spain
Political party Socialist Workers' Party
Alma mater University of Deusto
Practical School for Advanced Studies
Harvard University

Joaquín Almunia Amann (born 17 June 1948) is a Spanish politician and prominent member of the European Commission, currently responsible for competition under the second mandate of President Barroso. He was previously responsible for economic and monetary affairs in Barroso's previous mandate. The president of the commission, José Manuel Barroso, announced on 27 November 2009 that Almunia would be the vice-president and the responsible for competition in the second college of the Barroso Commission.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Bilbao on 17 June 1948, Almunia graduated with degrees in economics and law in 1971 and 1972, respectively, from the University of Deusto in Bilbao, and completed follow-up studies at the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris, France, from 1970 to 1971. He also completed a program at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University for senior managers in government in 1991. He was an associate lecturer on employment and social security law at the University of Alcalá de Henares in Madrid, Spain, from 1991 to 1994.[2]

Career[edit]

Almunia was chief economist of the Unión General de Trabajadores, a Spanish trade union affiliated to the Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), from 1976 to 1979. He was economist at the Council Bureau of the Spanish Chambers of Commerce in Brussels from 1972 to 1975.

Almunia was a PSOE Member of the Cortes Generales from 1979 to 2004, representing Madrid. He was the minister of employment and social security from 1982 to 1986. He served as the minister of public administration from 1986 to 1991. He was replaced by Juan Manuel Eguiagaray as minister of public administration.[3] He was also the PSOE spokesperson from 1994 to 1997. Upon the resignation of Felipe González after being defeated in the 1996 elections, Almunia became the party leader from 1997 to 2000. In 2000, he was the PSOE candidate for prime minister, and the party was again defeated by incumbent Prime Minister José María Aznar. The PSOE suffered its worst result in a general election since the Spanish transition to democracy and therefore, Almunia resigned as party leader.

Almunia was the director of the research program on "equality and redistribution of income" at the Fundación Argentaria from 1991 to 1994. In 2002 he founded and served as director of a progressive think tank called Laboratorio de Alternativas (Fundación Alternativas).

He first joined the Prodi Commission on 26 April 2004 as a successor to Pedro Solbes (who had resigned to join the new Zapatero government) and was reappointed by Barroso in November 2004.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barroso names new EU commission team Euronews Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  2. ^ "CV Joaquín Almunia". European Commission. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Guillermo M. Cejudo (March 2007). "New wine in old bottles". CIDE. Retrieved 4 September 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jesús Sancho Rof
Minister of Employment
1982–1986
Succeeded by
Manuel Chaves González
Preceded by
Félix Pons Irazazábal
Minister of Public Administrations
1986–1991
Succeeded by
Juan Manuel Eguiagaray
Preceded by
Felipe González
Leader of the Opposition
1997–2000
Succeeded by
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Preceded by
Pedro Solbes
Spanish European Commissioner
2004–2014
Succeeded by
Miguel Arias Cañete
European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs
2004–2010
Served alongside: Siim Kallas
Succeeded by
Olli Rehn
Preceded by
Neelie Kroes
European Commissioner for Competition
2010–2014
Succeeded by
Margrethe Vestager
Party political offices
Preceded by
Felipe Gonzalez
Secretary General of the Socialist Workers' Party
1997–2000
Succeeded by
Interim Political Committee