Joaquín Satrústegui

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Joaquín Satrústegui (1909–1992) was a Spanish lawyer and politician.

Satrústegui Joaquín Fernández ( San Sebastián , 17 October 1909 -. id March 11 of 1992 ) was a lawyer and political monarchist Spanish . He fought in the Franco side during the Spanish Civil War , and evolved from the ultra-conservatism of his youth into positions liberal , always within sectors monarchists . It was one of those attending the conference of the European Movement held in Munich in 1962 (referred to as " Munich conspiracy "by the Franco regime). After the death of Franco was successively elected senator and congressman .


Satrústegui was born into a monarchy, wealthy and shipping interests of family San Sebastián . 1 His father was Henry Satrústegui Barrié, Baron Satrústegui . 2 He studied law at the Central University of Madrid , graduating in 1932. It expanded his studies in Economics and Public dereho at Georgetown University ( United States ). 3 During the Republican period was part of Spanish Renewal . On July 17, 1936, within the operations of the coup that started the Civil War , he joined the group of young militants of the monarchical party, led by Carlos Miralles , and the orders of General Mola , occupied the port Somosierra , January 4 with the aim of facilitating access to Madrid columns from the north should take the capital. During the Civil War , Satrústegui, who had performed military service in the militia university and obtained the degree of lieutenant , became captain of complement within the ranks of Franco's army. 5

Wishing to restore the monarchy in the person of Juan de Borbón , since 1940, once the war was over he faced Franco , which was fined and arrested several times. He ran for the municipal elections in Madrid from November 21, 1954, one by Joaquín Calvo Sotelo , Juan Manuel Fanjul and Torcuato Luca de Tena , but their auditors were expelled from polling fearing regime a victory for this application . He founded the underground organization Spanish Union (1957), liberal movement that advocated the way of democratic state for Spain and recognized Juan de Borbón, then in exile as the legitimate king of Spain. 6 participated in the so-called Munich conspiracy , May 1962, so he was banished for almost a year in Fuerteventura , along with Jaime Miralles and Fernando Alvarez de Miranda , among others. 7

Over time, he became an active supporter of the integration of Spain into the European Economic Community , integrated platforms opposition to Franco and opposed the presence of US bases in Spain. In August 1976, he linked Spanish Union Federation of Liberals and Democrats Matches Joaquin Garrigues Walker and the Liberal Party of Enrique Larroque , constituting the Liberal Alliance , of which he was elected president. He had worked with the opposition in the Platform of Democratic Organizations, with which it formed a platform that was presented to the 1977 election as Senator , eight being chosen as the candidate most voted by the circumscription of Madrid in the electoral coalition Senators for Democracy . 9 In the Senate he joined the Progressive Group and Independent Socialists , along with members of Matches Popular Socialist and Democratic Left , among others. 10 After the dissolution of Liberal Alliance, in December 1977, he founded the Liberal Progressive Party, which was named president, 11 but also dissolve later. Finally, he joined Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) party who left after the electoral disaster in October 1982. He was deputy of UCD for Madrid in the first term , in which he was vocal in commissions Affairs and Constitutional Affairs. He was married and had four children.