Da Silva is considered one of the creators of the choro genre of music. His band, O Choro do Callado, used an ebony flute, two viols and a cavaquinho, and was noted for facility at improvisation. Da Silva wrote and co-authored many choroes, as a new way of interpreting modinhas, lundus, waltzes and polkas. His work was an inspiration to his friend and pupil, Viriato Figueira, and his friend and band member, the female composer Chiquinha Gonzaga.
^Tamara Elena Livingston, Thomas George Caracas Garcia Choro: A Social History of a Brazilian Popular Music 2005 Page 58 "Sometime in the twenty years since the founding of Joaquim Antônio Calado's terno called Choro Carioca in 1870, certain ... the lives and works of four musicians and composers, each of which represents major trends within the choro tradition. Joaquim Antônio da Silva Calado (1848-1880) and Anacleto de Medeiros." p66 "One of the most important figures in early choro was flautist and composer Joaquim Antonio da Silva Calado (also spelled Callado). Calado was one of the first musicians to embrace ..."
^Chris McGowan, Ricardo Pessanha -The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova, and the Popular Music of ...1998 - Page 159 "The pioneering figure Joaquim Antônio da Silva Calado (1848-1880) founded the group Choro Carioca in 1870, the same ... the first generation of choroes included the flutist-composers Viriato da Silva, Virgilio Pinto da Silveira, and Luizinho."
^David P. Appleby Heitor Villa-Lobos: a life (1887-1959) - 2002 - Page 16 "A virtuoso flutist, Joaquim Antonio da Silva Calado (1848-1880), organized a group in this period, the Choro Carioca. The typical choro group consisted of solo flute and various guitarlike instruments, usually cavaquinhos (small guitarlike "