|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Portuguese Wikipedia. (May 2013)|
|Justice Joaquim Barbosa|
|Chief Justice of Brazil|
November 17, 2012 
|Preceded by||Ayres Britto|
|Supreme Federal Court Justice|
June 25, 2003 
|Nominated by||Luís Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Preceded by||Moreira Alves |
October 7, 1954 |
Paracatu, Minas Gerais, Brazil
|Alma mater||University of Brasília |
Joaquim Benedito Barbosa Gomes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuɐˈkĩ biɲiˈdʒitu] or [bẽneˈdʒitu bɐʁˈbɔzɐ ˈgõmis], Paracatu, Minas Gerais, Brazil) is a justice minister of the Supreme Federal Court in Brazil. He is currently the president of the court.
Although many people believe he is the first black descendent to become justice minister in Brazilian Supreme Court, he is actually the third one. He was preceded by:
- Hermenegildo de Barros (from 1919 to 1937)
- Pedro Lessa (from 1907 to 1921)
However, Brazil does not adopt the "one-drop rule", also known as "one black ancestor rule", and therefore, in this country, he is considered the first black justice minister in Brazilian Supreme Court.
Minister Barbosa studied Law at University of Brasília (1979). He holds a Master (1990) and a Doctor (1993) of Laws from DEA - Droit Public Interne - Pantheon-Assas University. Barbosa was a member of the Federal Public Ministry and Adjunct Professor at Rio de Janeiro State University. He was also a visiting scholar at the Human Rights Institute at Columbia Law School, in New York (1999 to 2000), and at UCLA School of Law (2002 to 2003).
Aside from his notable academic achievements, Minister Barbosa also became fluent in French, Spanish, English and German.
Personal life 
He has humble origins. He is the oldest son of a bricklayer father and a housewife mother. He started his education in the Brazilian public school system in his hometown, lately completed in Brasília.
Supreme Federal Court Justice 
Among many other actions, he is the judge rapporteur for Criminal Action 470  (also known as Mensalão scandal) and his further development, the Criminal Action 536 (also known as Mensalão mineiro).
As of November 2012, he has 8,460 actions under his responsibility being processed by the Court.
Barbosa suffers from sacroiliitis, an inflammatory disease, which makes very uncomfortable to him to remain seated. Therefore it is very common to see him attending the sessions standing up, or seated in a special chair to relief his pain.
Chief Justice of Brazil 
He took the office as the acting president of the court in November 17, 2012 because of the mandatory retirement of his colleague Ayres Britto, as he was the current vice-president of the Court. However he was already the President Elect of the Court as chosen by his fellows on October 2012, keeping the tradition the oldest member not served yet as President to be elected to that position.
He is the first black man to take the oath as the Chief Justice of Brazil. (Although the main fact on his inauguration was not exactly his race but his humble origin instead.) His tenure start in November 22, 2012 was attended by President Dilma Rousseff, Senate President José Sarney, among many other celebrities.
- STF News (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 19, 2012
- VEJA magazine, ed. 1809, p. 94 (in Portuguese).
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A4
- Enfim, um negro chega lá; VEJA Magazine, May 14, 2003
- CV Lattes
- VEJA magazine, ed. 2024, p. 57 (in Portuguese).
- STF website curriculum vitae (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- Spreadsheet with Min. Joaquim Barbosa actions pending from STF website (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- Diário do Comércio website. (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- VEJA magazine, ed. 2290, p. 78 (in Portuguese).
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A6
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A8