Sir Job Charlton, 1st Baronet

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Sir Job Charlton, 1st Baronet KS (ca. 1614 – 26 May 1697) was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1679. He was Speaker of the House of Commons of England briefly in 1673.

Life[edit]

Charlton was born in London, the only surviving son of Robert Charlton, Fishmonger, of Mincing Lane, London and Whitton Court, Shropshire and his first wife Emma Harby, daughter of Thomas Harby of Adstone, Northamptonshire. He matriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford on 20 April 1632, aged 17. He was a student of Lincoln's Inn in 1633 and was called to the bar in 1640.[1]

In 1659, Charlton was elected Member of Parliament for Ludlow in the Third Protectorate Parliament. He was elected MP for Ludlow again in 1660 for the Convention Parliament. He was a justice on the Oxford circuit in July 1660 and was created serjeant-at-law in October 1660. In 1661, he was re-elected MP for Ludlow for the Cavalier Parliament. He served as a justice on the Chester circuit from 1661 to 1662. He was made a King's Serjeant in 1668.

Charlton served as Speaker from 4 to 18 February 1673, pleading ill-health to retire. He left Parliament in 1679, and was forced out of the post of Chief Justice of Chester in 1680 when Judge Jeffreys desired it, being placed in the Court of Common Pleas instead. In lieu of that office Charlton was, 26 April 1680, made chief justice of the common pleas ; but having given his opinion in opposition to the king's dispensing power, he was removed from office 26 April 1680. He was, however, restored to the chief justiceship of Chester, and on 12 May was created a baronet. [2]

He died at his seat at Ludford, Herefordshire, 29 May 1697.[2]

Family[edit]

By his first wife, Dorothy, daughter and heiress of William Blundell of Bishop's Castle, he had four sons and three daughters, and by his second wife, Lettice, daughter of Walter Waring of Oldbury, he had one son and one daughter. The baronetcy became extinct with the fourth holder in 1784. [2]

References[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHenderson, Thomas Finlayson (1887). "Charlton, Job". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Unknown
Member of Parliament for Ludlow
with Timothy Littleton 1660–1670
Somerset Fox 1670–1679

1660–1679
Succeeded by
Somerset Fox
Francis Charlton
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir Geoffrey Palmer, Bt
Chief Justice of Chester
1662–1680
Succeeded by
Sir George Jeffreys
Preceded by
Sir Edward Lutwyche
Chief Justice of Chester
1686–1689
Succeeded by
Sir John Trenchard
Baronetage of England
New creation Baronet
(of Ludford)
1686–1697
Succeeded by
Francis Charlton