|This article relies on references to primary sources. (May 2008)|
The Job Corps Logo. Charged with a blue Ladder upon which a Red arrow points upward. On a field of Red and White vertical stripes. Surrounded with a blue pentagon pointing downward. At the top of the pentagon printed in white are the words Job Corps
|Agency executives||, Director
|Parent department||Department of Labor|
Mission and purpose
Job Corps' mission is to "help young people ages 16 through 24 improve the quality of their lives through vocational and academic training."
Job Corps was initiated as the central program of the Johnson Administration's War on Poverty, part of his domestic agenda known as the Great Society. Sargent Shriver, the first Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity, modeled the program on the Depression-era Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Established in the 1930s as an emergency relief program, the CCC provided room, board, and employment to thousands of unemployed young people. Though the CCC was discontinued after World War II, Job Corps built on many of its methods and strategies.[original research?]
Since its inception in 1964 under the Economic Opportunity Act, Job Corps has served more than two million young people. Job Corps serves approximately 60,000 youths annually at Job Corps Centers throughout the country.
A person is eligible for Job Corps if he or she meets the following criteria<http://www.jobcorps.gov/Libraries/pdf/eligibility_factsheet.sflb>:
- Is a legal U.S. resident; lawfully admitted permanent resident alien, refugee, asylee, or parolee, or other immigrant who has been authorized by the U.S. attorney general to work in the United States; or resident of a U.S. territory.
- Meets low-income criteria.
- Is in need of additional technical training, education, counseling, or related assistance to complete schoolwork or to find and keep a job.
- Has signed consent from a parent or guardian if he or she is a minor.
- Has a child care plan if he or she is the parent of a dependent child.
- Does not exhibit behavioral problems that could keep him, her, or others from experiencing Job Corps’full benefits.
- Does not require any face-to-face court or institutional supervision or court-imposed fines while enrolled in Job Corps.
- Does not use drugs illegally.
Phases of career development
Applicants to the Job Corps program are identified and screened for eligibility by organizations contracted by the U.S. Department of Labor. Each student in the Job Corps goes through four stages of the program:
Outreach and Admissions (OA): This is the stage at which students visit admissions counselors and gather information, as well as prepare for and leave for their Job Corps Centers. Transportation is provided to and from the centers by Job Corps.
Career Preparation Period (CPP): This stage focuses on the assimilation of the student into the center, academic testing, health screening, and instruction on resume building and job search skills. Students are instructed on computer literacy, employability, and center life. This phase lasts for the first 30 days on center.
Career Development Period (CDP): This period is where the student receives all vocational training, drivers' education, academic instruction, and preparation for life outside of Job Corps, i.e. a repeat of CPP with an actual job search.
Career Transition Period (CTP): The period immediately after the student graduates. Career Transition Specialists outside the center assist in the graduate's job search and arrangement of living accommodations, transportation, and family support resources.
The following Career Technical Training programs are offered by Job Corps. However, Job Corps continually adjusts program offerings in response to labor market demand, so the below list may not been fully complete or current. 
- Communication design
- Electronic assembly
- Machine appliance repair
- Manufacturing technology
- Sign, billboard, and display
Automotive and machine repair
- Automobile technician
- General services technician
- Collision repair and refinish
- Heavy construction equipment mechanic
- Diesel mechanic
- Medium/heavy truck repair
- Electronics tech
- Stationary engineering
- Cement masonry
- Concrete and terrazzo
- Construction craft laborer
- Electrical overhead line
- Facilities maintenance
- Floor covering
- Industrial engineering technician
- Licensed electrician (bilingual)
- Mechanical engineering technician
- Roto-Rooter plumbing
- Tile setting
- Advanced Career Training (ACT)
- General Educational Development (GED)
- Commercial driver's license (CDL)
- Off-Center Training (OCT Program)
- High school diploma (HSD Program)
- Accounting services
- Business management
- Clerical occupations
- Legal secretary
- Insurance and financial services
- Medical insurance specialist
- Office administration
- Clinical medical assistant
- Dental assistant
- EKG technician
- Emergency medical technician
- Exercise/massage therapy
- Hemodialysis technician
- Licensed practical/vocational nurse
- Medical office support
- Nurse assistant/home health aide
- Pharmacy technician
- Physical therapy assistant
- Rehabilitation therapy
- Rehabilitation technician
- Registered nurse
- Respiratory therapy
- Sterile processing
- Surgical technician
- A+ Microsoft MSCE
- Computer Networking/Cisco
- Computer systems administrator
- Computer support specialist
- Computer technician
- Integrated system tech
- Network cable installation
- Visual communications
Retail sales and services
- Behavioral health aide
- Criminal justice
- Child development
- Residential advisor
- Retail sales
- Asphalt paving
- Material and distribution operations
- Clerical occupations
- Heavy equipment operations
- Roustabout operator
- Heavy truck driving
- TCU administrative clerk
There are six Regional Offices of Job Corps:
- Atlanta Region
- Boston Region
- Chicago Region
- Dallas Region
- Philadelphia Region
- San Francisco Region
- "What Is Job Corps?". Job Corps. September 25, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "New Job Corps Leader" (Press release). U.S. Department of Labor. May 23, 2013.
- "Statutory Authority". Job Corps. January 27, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "Program Assessment: Job Corps". Office of Management and Budget. January 16, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "Program Administration". Job Corps. January 27, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "How Job Corps Works: Outreach and Admissions". Job Corps. January 27, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "How Job Corps Works: Career Preparation Period". Job Corps. January 27, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "How Job Corps Works: Career Development Period". Job Corps. January 27, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "How Job Corps Works: Career Transition Period". Job Corps. January 27, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "Job Corps: What Careers Can I Choose From?". Job Corps. December 8, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "Center Locations". Job Corps. August 14, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "Contact Job Corps". Job Corps. August 14, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- Official website
- Official Job Corps recruiting website
- Official Job Corps recruiting website (Spanish)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Job Corps.|
- Churchill, Christian J. and Gerald E. Levy. The Enigmatic Academy: Class, Bureaucracy, and Religion in American Education, (2012 Temple University Press) . (This book contains an extensive case study of a US Job Corps center.)