Jocelin of Soissons

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Jocelin of Soissons[1] (died 24 October 1152) was a French theologian, a philosophical opponent of Abelard. He became bishop of Soissons, and is known also as a composer (commonly as Goslenus Suessionensis, or Magister Goslenus, episcopus Suessionensis), with two pieces in the Codex Calixtinus. He was teaching at the Paris cathedral school in the early 1110s.[2]

Bishop[edit]

He began work on the present Soissons Cathedral; it only took shape in the 1190s.[3]

Abbot Suger addressed his history of Louis the Fat to him.[4] In the papal politics of the late 1120s and 1130s, Suger counted Jocelin, at Soissons from 1126, as a supporter of Pope Innocent II against antipope Anacletus II, along with other bishops of northern France.[5][6]

As bishop he founded Longpont Abbey[7] in 1131, a Cistercian monastery supported by Bernard of Clairvaux;[8] Bernard was a correspondent.[9][10] He favoured the Knights Templars, having participated in the Council of Troyes that gave them full standing.[11][12] He was present at the 1146 Council of Arras, a probable occasion for the planning of the Second Crusade.[13]

Works[edit]

The De generibus et speciebus has been attributed to him.[14] Now scholars call its author Pseudo-Joscelin.[15] It may be by a student of his.[2] The Metalogicus of John of Salisbury attributed to him the view that universals exist only in the collection, not the individuals.[16][17][18]

References[edit]

  • Annales de la vie de Joscelin de Vierzi in Achille Luchaire, Quatrièmes mélanges d'histoire du moyen age, Paris: Alcan, 1905.
  • Desmond Paul Henry, Medieval Mereology, Amsterdam: B. R. Grüner., 1991.
  • Pseudo-Joscelin, Treatise on Genera and Species, edited and translated with an introduction by Peter King, Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, 2, 2015, pp. 104-210.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gauslen, Gauslenus, Gauzelin, Goslen, Goslenus, Goslin, Jocelin, Jocelyn, Joscelin, Joscelinus, Joslain, Joslein, Joslin, Josselin; surnamed de Vierzy.
  2. ^ a b Cambridge Companion to Abelard (2004), p. 310.
  3. ^ "Abelard condamne au concile de Soissons en 1121". Pierre-abelard.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "SUGER's Life of Louis the Fat". Falcon.arts.cornell.edu. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Mary Stroll, The Jewish Pope: Ideology and Politics in the Papal Schism of 1130 (1987), p. 176.
  6. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Soissons". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Se connecter: LES CHERISEY histoire et gnalogie de la famille de Chrisey". Lescherisey.free.fr. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Ancienne abbaye Notre-Dame". Fr.structurae.de. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "LET. CCXXII-CCXXIV". Livres-mystiques.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "LET. CCXXII-CCXXIV". Livres-mystiques.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  11. ^ "Fondation de La Milice des Pauvres chevaliers du Temple de Salomon". Templiers.net. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ Jonathan Phillips, The Second Crusade (2007), p. 82.
  14. ^ [2][dead link]
  15. ^ "Medieval Mereology". Plato.stanford.edu. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  16. ^ "History of Medieval Philosophy 171". Maritain.nd.edu. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  17. ^ "The Problem of Universals from Antiquity to the Middle Ages". Ontology.co. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  18. ^ "Ars Magica Secretum secretorum : Abelard's Theory of Universals". Granta.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 4 January 2015.