Foster in Paris at the 2011 César Awards ceremony
|Born||Alicia Christian Foster
November 19, 1962
Los Angeles, California, United States
|Education||Bachelor's degree (magna cum laude)|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
|Occupation||Actress, producer, director|
|Spouse(s)||Alexandra Hedison (m. 2014)|
|Partner(s)||Cydney Bernard (1993–2008)|
|Parent(s)||Evelyn Ella "Brandy" (née Almond)
Lucius Fisher Foster III
Alicia Christian Foster (born November 19, 1962), known professionally as Jodie Foster, is an American actress, film director, and producer. Foster began acting in commercials at the age of three, and her first significant role came in 1976 as a child prostitute in Taxi Driver, for which she received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She won an Academy Award for Best Actress in 1989, for playing a rape victim in The Accused. In 1991, she starred in The Silence of the Lambs as Clarice Starling, a gifted FBI trainee, assisting in a hunt for a serial killer. This performance received international acclaim and her second Academy Award for Best Actress. She received her third Best Actress Academy Award nomination for playing a backwoods hermit in Nell (1994). Her other best-known work includes Contact (1997), Panic Room (2002), Flightplan (2005), Inside Man (2006) and The Brave One (2007).
Foster made her directorial debut in 1991 with Little Man Tate; she also directed the films Home for the Holidays (1995) and The Beaver (2011). In addition to her two Academy Awards, she has won three BAFTA Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, the Cecil B DeMille Award, and a Screen Actors Guild Award. She has often been cited as one of the best actresses of her generation.
Background and education
Foster was born in Los Angeles on 19 November, 1962 as the youngest of four children of Evelyn Ella "Brandy" (née Almond) and Lucius Fisher Foster III. Her father, a decorated U.S. Air Force lieutenant colonel turned real estate broker, came from a wealthy background and left his wife before Foster was born. She saw him only a few times during her childhood, and never established a relationship with him. Foster and her older siblings Lucinda "Cindy" Foster (b. 1954), Constance "Connie" Foster (b. 1955), and Lucius Fisher "Buddy" Foster (b. 1957), were raised by her mother and her partner in Los Angeles. Brandy Foster worked in public relations for the film producer Arthur P. Jacobs until focusing on managing the acting careers of Buddy and Jodie.
Foster was a gifted child, and learned to read at the age of three. She attended a French-language prep school, the Lycée Français de Los Angeles, graduating in 1980. At the graduation, she delivered the valedictorian address for the school's French division. Although already a successful actor by this time, Foster then attended Yale University in order to get away from the familiar environment of California and the film business for a change. She majored in literature and graduated with a B.A. in 1984. She returned to Yale in 1993 to address the graduating class, and was awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the university in 1997.
Foster is fluent in French and has acted in French films as well as dubbed herself in French-language versions of most of her English-language films. She also understands Italian although does not speak it, as well as a little Spanish and German.
Early roles (1968–1975)
Managed by her mother and following in the footsteps of her older brother, Foster began her career at the age of three by working as a model, including a stint as Coppertone girl in a television commercial, and at the age of five, started acting in prime time television. Her first acting appearance was in a 1968 episode of Mayberry R.F.D., and in the late 1960s and early 1970s she had minor roles in many popular series, such as Gunsmoke, Daniel Boone, Adam-12, The Partridge Family and the The Courtship of Eddie's Father. She made her film debut in the Disney television film Menace on the Mountain in 1970, and two years later, aged ten, starred in her first feature film, Napoleon and Samantha, playing the titular character of Samantha, who befriends a young boy named Napoleon and his pet lion. During the filming, Foster was grabbed by the lion, an incident that left her with permanent scars. She also starred in two other popular children's films in 1973, the Western One Little Indian and the Mark Twain adaptation Tom Sawyer.
In 1974, Foster had her first starring role in a television series in the situation comedy Paper Moon, produced for ABC and co-starring Christopher Connelly. Based on the novel Addie Pray (1971), it was set in the American Midwest during the Great Depression and focused on the struggles of an orphaned girl, Addie (Foster), and a con man Moses Pray (Connolly). It ran for one season. The same year, Foster also appeared in an edgier supporting role as a "Ripple-drinking street kid" in Martin Scorsese's drama Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore opposite Ellen Burstyn and Kris Kristofferson.
Taxi Driver and teenage stardom (1976–1981)
While Foster was already a successful actor by the age of ten, her breakthrough into stardom did not take place until 1976, when she appeared in five films, two of which were chosen for competition at the Cannes Film Festival in May. These were Martin Scorsese's controversial drama Taxi Driver and Alan Parker's feature film debut, gangster musical Bugsy Malone. In the former, Foster played Iris, a child prostitute who becomes the obsession of the film's disturbed main character, Travis Bickle, played by Robert de Niro. The role was highly controversial and Foster's older sister Connie had to act as her body double in sexually suggestive scenes. It was both a commercial and critical success, winning the Palme d'Or and earning Foster an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress nomination. She later commented that the film "completely changed my life", and that playing Iris was "the first time anyone asked me to create a character that wasn't myself. It was the first time I realized that acting wasn't this hobby you just sort of did, but that there was actually some craft." In Bugsy Malone, which had an all-teen cast, Foster played Tallulah, gangster's moll and the star of a speakeasy show. It was not a commercial success, but earned mainly positive reviews. For her performances in the two films, Foster was awarded two British Academy Film Awards in 1977: the BAFTA Award for Best Newcomer and the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role.
The same year, Foster also appeared in a starring roles as a girl dying from a heart condition in Echoes of a Summer and as a homicidal orphan in the suspense film The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane, for which she won the Saturn Award for Best Actress – the youngest actress to ever receive the award. In addition to her film roles, on 28 November, she hosted Saturday Night Live, becoming the show's youngest host up to that time. Her final role of the year was as a teen girl who accidentally changes bodies with her mother in the Disney hit comedy Freaky Friday, released in December. For her performance, Foster received a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress.
In 1977, Foster starred in the French film Moi, fleur bleue, which also included three songs sung by her. They were released as two seven-inch singles, "Je T'attends Depuis la Nuit des Temps" , backed with "La Vie C'est Chouette", and "When I Looked at Your Face" backed with "La Vie C'est Chouette". She also had a role in the Italian comedy Casotto, and starred in the Disney adventure Candleshoe, opposite David Niven and Helen Hayes. Her last film appearances before taking a hiatus to attend college were in Adrian Lyne's debut feature film, the teen drama Foxes (1980) and in Carny (1980), a drama set in a traveling carnival.
Foster made the transition to more mature roles as an adult, but it was not without initial difficulty, as several of the films in her early adult career in the 1980s, such as The Hotel New Hampshire, Five Corners, and Stealing Home, were financially unsuccessful. Due to this, she had to audition for the main role of gang rape victim Sarah Tobias in The Accused, which was to become her breakthrough role as an adult. Based on a true story, the film depicts Tobias' struggle to receive justice for herself. It received mainly positive reviews and earned Foster a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award as well as a nomination for a BAFTA Award.
In 1991, she starred as FBI trainee Clarice Starling in the thriller The Silence of the Lambs opposite Anthony Hopkins as Hannibal Lecter. The film became an unexpected box office hit, grossing nearly $273 million in theaters (equivalent to $473,000,000 in 2015) and became Foster's first blockbuster. She also received her second Academy Award and Golden Globe Award, as well as her first BAFTA Award for Best Actress for her performance. The same year saw the release of Foster's debut feature film as a director, Little Man Tate. It was a critically acclaimed drama about a child prodigy, in which she also co-starred as the child's mother. The following year, Foster founded a production company called Egg Pictures in Los Angeles, which produced primarily independent films for distribution by other companies. She said that she did not have the ambition to produce "big mainstream popcorn" movies and, as a child, independent films had made her more interested in the movie business than mainstream ones. The company was closed down in 2001.
Foster's next roles included playing a prostitute in Woody Allen's comedy Shadows and Fog and Laurel Sommersby in the American Civil War drama Sommersby. She starred in two films in 1994, first in the commercially successful western spoof Maverick and later in Nell, in which she played an isolated woman, raised speaking an invented language, who finds it difficult to be confronted with civilization for the first time. Her performance in Nell earned her nominations for her fourth Academy Award, a Golden Globe, and an MTV Movie Award, and won her a Screen Actors Guild Award and a People's Choice Award, among others.
The following year Foster released her second film as a director, Home for the Holidays (1995), a black comedy starring Holly Hunter and Robert Downey Jr.. In 1996, Women in Film awarded her the Crystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry. In the same year, Foster was awarded with the Berlinale Camera award at the 46th Berlin International Film Festival.
Foster made her debut in a science fiction film in 1997, when she starred opposite Matthew McConaughey in Contact, based on the novel by scientist Carl Sagan. She portrayed a scientist searching for extraterrestrial life in the SETI project. She commented on the script that "I have to have some acute personal connection with the material. And that's pretty hard for me to find." Contact was her first experience with a bluescreen. She commented, "Blue walls, blue roof. It was just blue, blue, blue. And I was rotated on a lazy Susan with the camera moving on a computerized arm. It was really tough." The film was another commercial success and earned Foster nominations for numerous awards, including a Golden Globe. In 1998, an asteroid, 17744 Jodiefoster, was named in her honor. Her next starring role was in Anna and the King, a remake of the 1946 film based on Margaret Landon's 1944 novel, which became an international commercial success.
In 2002, Foster took over the lead role in the thriller Panic Room after Nicole Kidman dropped out due to a previous injury. The film costarred Forest Whitaker, Jared Leto, Dwight Yoakam and Kristen Stewart and was directed by David Fincher. It grossed over $30 million in its opening weekend in the United States, Foster's biggest box office opening success of her career so far. Her next screen appearance was in a supporting role in the French film Un long dimanche de fiançailles (A Very Long Engagement) (2004), following which she returned to English-language films with the thriller Flightplan (2005), which opened once again in the top position at the U.S. box office and was a worldwide hit. She portrayed a woman whose daughter disappears on an airplane that her character, an engineer, helped to design.
In 2006, Foster co-starred in Inside Man, a thriller directed by Spike Lee and starring Denzel Washington and Clive Owen, which again opened at the top of the U.S. box office and became another international hit. In 2007, she starred in The Brave One directed by Neil Jordan and co-starring Terrence Howard, another urban thriller that opened at No. 1 at the U.S. box office. Her performance in the film earned her a sixth Golden Globe for Best Actress nomination and another People's Choice nomination, for Favorite Female Action Star. Commenting on her latest roles, she has said she enjoys appearing in mainstream genre films that have a "real heart to them."
In 2008, Foster starred in Nim's Island alongside Gerard Butler and Abigail Breslin, portraying a reclusive writer who is contacted by a young girl after her father goes missing at sea. The film was the first comedy that Foster starred in since Maverick in 1994, and was also a commercial success. The following year, Foster provided a voice for Maggie in a tetralogy episode of The Simpsons titled "Four Great Women and a Manicure."
Foster returned to directing in 2011 with the black comedy The Beaver, starring herself and her friend and Maverick co-star Mel Gibson. Based on a script by Kyle Killen, it tells the story of a depressed CEO of a toy company, who develops an alternative personality based on a beaver hand puppet. It premiered in March 2011 at the South by Southwest film festival and received mixed reviews. It was a box office flop, making only approximately $1 million during its first month after its general release in May 2011. The same year, Foster also appeared in Roman Polanski's Carnage alongside John C. Reilly, Kate Winslet and Christoph Waltz. The film centres around four parents whose initially peaceful meeting to discuss an incident between their sons gradually descends to a conflict. It premiered at the 68th Venice International Film Festival in September 2011, and garnered mainly positive reviews. Foster received a Golden Globe nomination for her performance.
Foster was honoured with the Cecil B. DeMille Award, awarded annually to actors and filmmakers "who have had a definite impact on the world of entertainment", at the 70th Golden Globe Awards in January 2013.
Foster appeared in the science fiction film Elysium, which was released in August 2013. Also during this year, Foster directed an episode of the Netflix original television series Orange Is the New Black, which earned her several awards nominations, including a Primetime Emmy and a Directors Guild of America Award. Two new directorial projects, independent film Money Monster and television series Angie's Body, have also been announced.
Relationships and family
In 2013, Foster acknowledged coming out in a speech at the 70th Golden Globe Awards, and many news outlets afterwards described her as lesbian or gay, although some sources noted that she did not use the words gay or lesbian in her speech. Between 1993 and 2008, she was in a relationship with film producer Cydney Bernard. In April 2014, Foster married actress and photographer Alexandra Hedison.
Target of fan obsession
John Hinckley, Jr. became obsessed with Foster after watching Taxi Driver a number of times, and stalked her while she attended Yale, sending her love letters to her campus mail box and even talking to her on the phone. On March 30, 1981, he attempted to assassinate U.S. President Ronald Reagan (shooting and wounding Reagan and three others) and claimed his motive was to impress Foster, then a Yale freshman. The media stormed the Yale campus in April "like a cavalry invasion," and followed Foster relentlessly.
Foster's only public reactions to the incident up to that time were a press conference afterwards and an article titled "Why Me?" that she wrote for Esquire in December 1982. In that article she wrote that returning to work on the film Svengali with Peter O'Toole "made me fall in love with acting again" after the assassination attempt had shaken her confidence. The incident caused Foster intense discomfort and reporters have been warned in advance not to bring up the subject in front of her; she has been known to walk out of interviews at the mention of Hinckley's name. In 1991, Foster canceled an interview with NBC's Today Show when she discovered Hinckley would be mentioned in the introduction. In 1999, she discussed the experience with Charlie Rose of 60 Minutes II, explaining that she does not "like to dwell on it too much [...] I never wanted to be the actress who was remembered for that event. Because it didn't have anything to do with me. I was kind of a hapless bystander. But... what a scarring, strange moment in history for me, to be 17 years old, 18 years old, and to be caught up in a drama like that." She also stated that the incident had a major impact on the career choices she later made.
Another man, Edward Richardson, followed Foster around Yale and planned to shoot her, but decided against it because she was "too pretty".
Foster is an atheist. She has stated she has "great respect for all religions" and spends "a lot of time studying divine texts, whether it's Eastern religion or Western religion." She and her children celebrate both Christmas and Hanukkah.
Awards and nominations
- "Jodie Foster". TCM. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- "Jodie Foster Biography (1962-)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "Jodie Foster slams media, defends Kristen Stewart after breakup". CTV News. August 15, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- "Jodie Foster's Christmas turkey". Irish Times. December 6, 1996. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Abramowitz, Rachel. "What It Means To Be Jodie Foster." Us Weekly. May 8, 2000.
- van Meter, Jonathan (January 6, 1991). "Child of the Movies". New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- "Jodie Foster, Reluctant Star." 60 Minutes II. 1999. Retrieved April 24, 2007.
- Thorpe, Vanessa (16 December 2007). "The Observer profile: Jodie Foster". The Observer. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Foster, Buddy; Wagener, Leon (May 1997). Foster Child: A Biography of Jodie Foster. New York: E. P. Dutton, published by Penguin Group (USA). ISBN 0-525-94143-6.
- "Jodie Foster Biography". The Biography Channel. July 2011.
- Ebert, Roger (April 13, 1980). "Jodie Foster goes to college". rogerebert.com. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Branch, Mark Alden (January 17, 2013). "Foster '84: The Speech of a Lifetime". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Freedman, Richard (1 April 1984). "Jodie Foster on school, acting and being 'fat'". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- "COMMENCEMENTS; At Yale, Honors for an Acting Chief". New York Times. May 25, 1993. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Yale Bulletin and Calendar Commencement 1997 June 2–23, 1997 Volume 25, Number 33 News Stories
- "Jodie Foster: Hollywood fait confiance à mes choix." L'Express, October 3, 2007.
- "Jodie Foster, biographie". Linternaute.com. November 4, 2005. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- "Flightplan – Mistero in volo" Intervista a Jodie Foster e al regista Robert Schwentke, Filmup, October 17, 2005, Italian
- "Jodie Foster". America Reads Spanish. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Movie Reporter (2007). Jodie Foster in Berlin at the premier of her film, "The Brave One". Retrieved June 19, 2009.[dead link]
- Spiegel Online Culture (2005)."I do not need muscles" "I have intensely coached my German, in any case. A few lumps (scattered words and phrases) are still left from my childhood, because at that time my mother had often taken me with her to see German films." Retrieved June 19, 2009. translated online.
- Erickson, Hal. "Allmovie – Jodie Foster Biography.". Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "In Step With: Jodie Foster". Parade Magazine. August 28, 2005.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (1992). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network TV Shows, 1946 to Present (5th ed.). New York City: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-37792-3.
- Warhol, Andy (January 1977). "Jodie Foster". Interview. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- Ryan, Kathy (May 22, 2011). "Sisters on a Movie Set, New York, 1975". New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- Reich, J. Sperling (March 2002). "Entering the Panic Room: Actress Jodie Foster Relates to a Mother's Worst Fears in her New Thriller". Reel.com. Retrieved April 20, 2007.[dead link]
- Kovalchik, Kara (July 9, 2008). "5 Awful Saturday Night Live Hosts of the '70s". Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- "Top 10 Saturday Night Live Hosts". www.toptenz.net. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- "Jodie Foster" Rotten Tomatoes.
- "The Hotel New Hampshire". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "Five Corners". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "Stealing Home". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "The Accused (1988)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
- "Silence of the Lambs". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 16, 2009.
- "Jodie Foster". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 16, 2009.
- "Little Man Tate". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 16, 2009.
- "Maverick (1994)". Box Office Mojo. September 28, 1994. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
- Past Recipients. Wif.org. Retrieved on September 26, 2011.
- "Prizes & Honours 1996". Berlin International Film Festival. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Svetkey, Benjamin (July 18, 1997). "Cover Story: Making Contact". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "Contact (1997)". Box Office Mojo. October 26, 1997. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
- "Caussols discovers" Astrosurf.com. May 15, 2005. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "Anna and the King". Box Office Mojo.
- Angulo, Sandra P.; Justine Elias (January 26, 2001). ""Panic" Attack". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
- "Flightplan (2005)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
- Deming, Mark. "Flightplan" Allmovie. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "Inside Man (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
- "'Brave One' Leads Slow Weekend". Box Office Mojo. September 17, 2007.
- "Foster, Howard to star in Neil Jordan film". UPI. Retrieved March 27, 2006.
- "Nim's Island". Box Office Mojo.
- Dan Snierson (September 3, 2008). "Exclusive: Jodie Foster, Anne Hathaway to guest on 'The Simpsons'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
- Hewitt, Sharon (July 9, 2009). "Mel Gibson to star in Beaver". Variety. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- Barker, Andrew (March 16, 2011). "Variety Reviews: The Beaver". Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "The Beaver Movie Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
- Cieply, Michael. "Uneven Growth for Film Studio With a Message." New York Times. June 5, 2011. Accessed June 6, 2011.
- Kaufman, Amy (May 8, 2011). "Audiences reject Mel Gibson as 'The Beaver' flops". Los Angeles Times.
- "Carnage". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixter. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
- "Cecil B. Demille Award". HFPA. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- McClintock, Pamela (October 15, 2011). "Sony Pushes 'Robocop' to 2014, Moves 'Elysium' to Summer 2013". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- Anderson, Diane. "Why You Should Watch 'Orange Is the New Black'". Advocate.com. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- Sneider, Jeff (October 11, 2012). "Foster to helm 'Money Monster'". Variety. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "Jodie Foster to star in new TV mob drama". BBC. August 14, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- Zaslow, Jeffrey (March 3, 2002). "Jodie Foster's Other Starring Role". USA Today.[dead link]
- Christy Lemire (January 14, 2013). "Foster reveals she's gay, suggests she's retiring". Associated Press. Retrieved April 26, 2014.
- "Actress-director Jodie Foster publicly comes out as gay at Globes". United Press International. January 13, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- "Jodie Foster's Golden Globes Speech: Full Transcript". ABC News. January 13, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- Fischoff, Stuart (January 23, 2013), Jodie Foster: To Come Out Lesbian Or Let Sleeping Rumors Lie, Psychology Today, retrieved April 25, 2014
- For example, "Jodie Foster comes out with emotional tribute to her girlfriend of 14 years". December 12, 2007. Retrieved May 12, 2014. and "Jodie Foster reveals she's gay, suggests she's retiring". January 14, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- Hernandez, Greg (May 9, 2014). "Ellen Page defends Jodie Foster’s much maligned coming out speech". Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "Cydney Bernard: Who Is Jodie Foster's Former Partner?". The Huffington Post. January 14, 2013.
- Corriston, Michele (April 23, 2014). "Jodie Foster Is Married!". People.com. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "Actress Jodie Foster marries girlfriend". BBC News Online. April 24, 2014.
- "Taxi Driver: Its Influence on John Hinckley, Jr." UMKC Law School. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Noe, Denise. "Taxi Driver." Crime Library. truTV. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Schneider, Karen S. "Foster Mom." People. March 23, 1998.
- Noe, Denise. "I'll Get You, Foster!" Crime Library. truTV. Retrieved March 31, 2007.
- Foster, Jodie. "Why Me?" Esquire. December 1982. Retrieved March 31, 2007.
- "Jodie Foster." UMKC Law School. Retrieved March 10, 2007.
- Valby, Karen (August 30, 2007). "Jodie Foster: Unbreakable". Entertainment Weekly.
- The Georgia Straight, Interview with Jodie Foster by Dan McLeod, July 10–17, 1997; page 43.
- Interview with Charles Gibson, Good Morning America, July 7, 1997.
- Millea, Holly. Mother Knows Best. Mirabella. September 1998. Retrieved April 20, 2007.
- Q and A with Jodie Foster Jeanne Wolf. E! Online. July 1997.[dead link]
- Valby, Karen (August 30, 2007). "Jodie Foster: Unbreakable". Entertainment Weekly.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jodie Foster|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jodie Foster.|
- Jodie Foster at AllRovi
- Jodie Foster at the Internet Movie Database
- Jodie Foster collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Jodie Foster at the TCM Movie Database
- Works by or about Jodie Foster in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
|Awards and achievements|
|Best Actress in a Leading Role
|Best Actress in a Leading Role