|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 26th district
January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||district created|
|Born||Jose Antonio Garcia, Jr.
October 12, 1963
Miami Beach, Florida
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Aileen Ugalde (1992-2012)|
|Children||Gabriela (b. 1998)|
|Alma mater||Belen Jesuit Preparatory School
University of Miami (B.A.)
University of Miami Law School (J.D.)
|Website||Representative Joe Garcia|
Jose Antonio "Joe" Garcia, Jr. (born October 12, 1963) is the U.S Representative for Florida's 26th congressional district. The district includes most of western Miami-Dade County, as well as the Florida Keys. He is a member of the Democratic Party. He is the former executive director of the Cuban American National Foundation and was nominated by President Barack Obama to be director of the Office of Minority Economic Impact and Diversity of the United States Department of Energy, a position for which he was unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate.
- 1 Early life, education, and family
- 2 Early public sector career
- 3 United States House of Representatives
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Elections
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early life, education, and family
Jose Antonio Garcia, Jr. was born in Miami Beach to Jose Garcia Sr. and his wife, Carmen. His parents fled Cuba after the Cuban Revolution occurred and Fidel Castro's Communist regime took power. Garcia graduated in 1982 from Belen Jesuit Preparatory School. While at Belen Jesuit he participated in the Close Up Washington civic education program. Garcia attended Miami-Dade Community College before earning his Bachelor of Arts degree in political science and public affairs from the University of Miami in 1987. While at the university, Garcia was elected president of the student government. Garcia later earned his J.D. from the University of Miami School of Law in 1991 but failed the bar exam.
Garcia was married to Aileen Maria Ugalde, general counsel for the University of Miami. They have one daughter, Gabriela. Garica and his wife divorced in 2012.
Early public sector career
Garcia served on the Florida Public Service Commission (FPSC) as chairman. While on the FPSC, he also chaired the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and was second vice chair of the Southeastern Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (SEARUC). Garcia was later appointed to the Federal Communications Commission Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service and was a member of the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO).
Garcia served on the board of the Spanish American League Against Discrimination (SALAD) and on the board of directors of Regis House, a drug addiction treatment and prevention center for inner-city youth in Miami. Garcia is a member of the board of directors of the Cuban American National Foundation, and is a past president. He also has served as director of the New Democrat Network Hispanic Strategy Center, and chairman of the Democratic Party of Miami-Dade County.
In 2009, Garcia joined the Obama administration in a Senate-confirmed position as director of the Office of Minority Economic Impact for the Department of Energy.
As director of the Office of Economic Impact, Garcia worked closely with small business owners to increase their participation in the energy sector. He focused on the cause of women and minorities within the federal government by partnering with minority serving institutions, like Florida International University. As head of the Civil Rights office, Garcia worked to ensure that institutions that received money from the federal government did not discriminate against women and minorities.
During his tenure at the Energy Department, Garcia was also appointed by President Barack Obama to the Task Force on Puerto Rico's Status. On the Task Force, Garcia focused on lowering energy costs in Puerto Rico and pushed for renewable energy projects on the island of Vieques.
United States House of Representatives
Rep. Garcia was sworn into his first two-year term on January 3, 2013.
Voter registration fraud scandal
On 31 May 2013, Representative Garcia’s chief-of-staff and top political strategist resigned after being implicated in a sophisticated scheme to manipulate the previous year’s primary elections by submitting hundreds of fraudulent absentee-ballot requests. Jeffrey Garcia’s resignation came three months after a Miami Herald investigation found that hundreds of the 2,552 fraudulent online requests for the 14 August primary election originated from unknown hackers using IP addresses in Miami. On the same day, the Miami-Dade state attorney’s office, served search warrants seeking computers and electronic equipment on the homes of Representative Garcia’s communications director, Giancarlo Sopo, and John Estes, his 2012 campaign manager. 
Garcia was accused of not being forthcoming about his campaign's involvement in the ballot scandal. Garcia called the plot “ill-conceived” but added, “I think it was a well-intentioned attempt to maximize voter turnout.” 
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Committee on Natural Resources
Rep. Garcia was sworn into his first two-year term on January 3, 2013.
Despite the urging of several political and media organizations as well as prominent leaders, Garcia refused to disclose any of his stances for the 2012 Political Courage Test.
Garcia supported the application of a Havana-based research institute to get a license from the U.S. Treasury Department to test and market a diabetes treatment in the United States. Garcia's support made him the first Cuban-American in congress to support a measure that would undermine the embargo against Cuba. Critics claim that weakening the embargo could eventually lead to giving the Castro regime access to American markets without political reform. Mauricio Font, a Latin America studies expert at the City University of New York said, “This is a ‘wow’ situation. Nothing like this has ever happened In the past, this position would essentially be considered collaborating with the Castro regime." 
Garcia opposes repealing the 2010 Affordable Healthcare Act or any repeal of Obamacare or any other federal healthcare. He has stated that he will fight any and all efforts to repeal or cut Obamacare spending.
Garcia supports developing renewable and alternative sources of energy. He opposes offshore drilling,  and also opposes any offshore energy production, hoping to develop energy industries on shore.
Garcia announced on February 7, 2008, his candidacy for the U.S. Congress in Florida's 25th congressional district. Garcia proved to be a prolific fundraiser, raising over $1.8 million. Incumbent Republican U.S. Congressman Mario Diaz-Balart defeated Garcia 53%-47%.
In April 2010, Garcia announced his candidacy for the 25th district again, after U.S. Congressman Mario Diaz-Balart announced he would run for reelection in the 21st District being vacated by his brother, Lincoln Diaz-Balart. In his campaign announcement, Garcia noted he would focus on job creation, funding education and health care as his top priorities. Garcia defeated Luis Meurice in the Democratic primary 76%-24%.
In the general election, Garcia faced State Representative David Rivera, Tea Party nominee Roly Arrojo, and Florida Whig Party nominee Craig Porter. Rivera defeated Garcia 52%-43%, or a 9.5-point margin.
In 2012, Garcia announced he would seek a rematch against Rivera in what was now the 26th district. It is more divided between Republicans and Democrats than its predecessor, the 25th district. It had been pushed well to the east and south, losing its share of Collier County and picking up all of Monroe County, including the Keys. The race was widely expected to be much closer than in previous cycles, in part due to the new demographics, and due to numerous scandals surrounding Rivera. In addition to several state probes, Rivera was the target of a federal investigation into allegations he tried to sabotage the Democratic primary in the 26th by secretly funding an unknown candidate, Justin Sternad, in hopes of avoiding a rematch against Garcia. Several vendors Sternad employed in his campaign told The Miami Herald that Rivera had funded Sternad's campaign. Sternad himself subsequently told the FBI that Rivera had funded his campaign. Sternad's campaign manager, Ana Alliegro, was a close friend of Rivera's, and according to Sternad served as the go-between.
Garcia won the rematch, defeating Rivera 54%–43%. He is the first Cuban-American Democrat to represent South Florida in Congress, as well as the first non-black Democrat to represent a significant portion of Miami since 1993.
- Clark, Lesley "3 Fla Congressional Candidates in Spotlight", The Miami Herald, August 27, 2008, page A2
- Padgett, Tim "Big Trouble in Little Havana", Time Magazine, August 15, 2008
- Rieff, David "Will Little Havana Go Blue?", The New York Times, July 13, 2008
- [dead link]
- Patricia Mazzei (23 September 2010). "Democratic House candidate Joe Garcia more mellow this time around". Miami Herald. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- "Campaigns -- Joe Garcia for FL-25". Democracy for America. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- MAZZEI, PATRICIA (31 May 2013). "Congressman Joe Garcia’s chief of staff implicated in phantom absentee-ballot requests scheme". Miami Herald (Miami Florida).
- "Representative Joe Garcia's Issue Positions(Political Courage Test)". Vote Smart.
- "Joe Garcia (Democrat, district 26)". On The Issues.
- Caputo, Marc. "Rep. Garcia’s push for Cuba drug trial tests support for embargo". Miami Herald.
- "Joe Garcia, Alcee Hastings, Debbie Wasserman Schultz and Lois Frankel sign gay marriage brief". Gay South Florida.
- "joe Garcia for Congress". Democracy for America.
- "Joe Garcia, D: Fla.-26". Roll Call.
- Jaweed Kaleem (3 November 2010). "Joe Garcia concedes to David Rivera, Allen West leads in Congressional race". Miami Herald. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- Caputo, Marc (August 21, 2012). "Campaign vendors say Republican Congressman David Rivera funded Democrat’s failed primary bid". Miami Herald. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Marc Caputo; Manny Garcia (2012-09-25). "Rivera ran secret campaign, Sternad tells FBI". The Miami Herald.
- "THE TOP ELECTION 2012 HEADLINES FROM NBC 6 SOUTH FLORIDA AND NBC NEWS". WTVJ. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- Congressman Joe Garcia official U.S. House website
- Joe Garcia for Congress
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography at Ballotpedia
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Congressional profile at Roll Call
- Fact-checking at PolitiFact.com
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Joe Garcia will run for Collier congressional seat he narrowly lost in 2008 at NaplesNews.com
- Parties Look to Boost Garcia, Rivera at CQPolitics
- Democrats Court Garcia for Florida Race at Wall Street Journal
- Garcia Turns Focus to Tallahassee at Miami Herald
- Congressional Candidate Joe Garcia Urges Crist to Ban Gulf Drilling for Good at NaplesNews.com
- Joe Garcia to jump into race against U.S. Rep. David Rivera at Miami Herald
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 26th congressional district
January 3, 2013 – present
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority