Joe Hisaishi in Paris in 2011
|Birth name||Mamoru Fujisawa|
December 6, 1950 |
Nakano, Nagano, Japan
|Genres||Film score, Neoclassical, classical, Romanticism|
|Occupation(s)||Musical director, composer, conductor, arranger|
|Instruments||Violin, piano, keyboard|
Mamoru Fujisawa (藤澤 守 Fujisawa Mamoru?, born December 6, 1950), known professionally as Joe Hisaishi (久石 譲 Hisaishi Jō?), is a composer and musical director known for over 100 film scores and solo albums dating back to 1981.
While possessing a stylistically distinct sound, Hisaishi's music has been known to explore and incorporate different genres, including minimalist, experimental electronic, European classical, and Japanese classical. Lesser known are the other musical roles he plays; he is also a typesetter, author, arranger, and conductor.
He is best known for his work with animator Hayao Miyazaki, having composed scores for many of his films, including Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), Laputa: Castle in the Sky (1986), My Neighbor Totoro (1988), Kiki's Delivery Service (1989), Porco Rosso (1992), Princess Mononoke (1997), Spirited Away (2001), Howl's Moving Castle (2004), Ponyo (2008), and The Wind Rises (2013). He is also recognized for the soundtracks he has provided for filmmaker 'Beat' Takeshi Kitano, including A Scene at the Sea (1991), Sonatine (1993), Kids Return (1996), Hana-bi (1997), Kikujiro (1999), and Dolls (2002), as well for the video game Ni no Kuni. He was a student of legendary anime composer Takeo Watanabe.
Hisaishi was born in Nakano, Nagano, Japan as Mamoru Fujisawa (藤澤 守 Fujisawa Mamoru?). When he started to take violin lessons at the age of five, Hisaishi discovered his passion for music. Realizing his love, he attended the Kunitachi College of Music in 1969 to major in music composition. Hisaishi collaborated with minimalist artists as a typesetter, furthering his experience in the musical world.
He enjoyed his first success of the business in 1974 when he composed music for a small animation called Gyatoruzu. This and other early works were created under his given name. During this period, he composed for Sasuga no Sarutobi (Academy of Ninja) and Futari Taka (A Full Throttle).
In the 1970s, Japanese popular music, electronic music, and new-age music flourished; those genres, as well as the Yellow Magic Orchestra (a Japanese electronic band in 1978–1983), influenced Hisaishi's compositions. He developed his music from minimalist ideas and expanded toward orchestral work. Around 1975, Hisaishi presented his first public performance, spreading his name around his community. His first album, MKWAJU, was released in 1981, with Information being released a year later. His first major anime scores were Hajime Ningen Gyatoruz (1974) and Robokko Beeton (1976).
As his works were becoming well known, Hisaishi formulated an alias inspired by Quincy Jones, an African-American musician and producer. Retranscribed in Japanese, "Quincy Jones" became "Joe Hisaishi." ("Quincy," pronounced "Kuinshi" in Japanese, can be written using the same kanji in "Hisaishi"; "Joe" comes from "Jones.")
In 1981 Hisaishi, with his new name, released his first album of art music, MKWAJU, and in 1982 the electropop-minimalist album Information. Then, in 1983, Hisaishi was recommended by Tokuma, who had published Information, to create an image album for Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind. Hisaishi and the director of the animated film, Hayao Miyazaki, became great friends and would work together on many future projects. This big break led to Hisaishi's overwhelming success as a composer of film scores. In 1986, Laputa: Castle in the Sky, and later, in the 1990s, Porco Rosso and Princess Mononoke were released. As Hisaishi strengthened his reputation as one of the budding anime industry's top musical contributors, his compositions (including eight theatrical films and one OAV) would proceed to become some of the very hallmarks of early anime in the 1980s and 1990s. Hisaishi also composed for such TV and movie hits as Sasuga no Sarutobi, Two Down Full Base, Tonde Mon Pe and anime Tekuno porisu 21C (all 1982), Sasuraiger (1983), Futari Taka (1984), Honō no Alpen Rose (1985) and Oz no mahôtsukai (1986). He also scored the sci-fi adventure series Mospeada (1983), which was later reworked (without his music) into the third segment of Carl Macek's compilation, Robotech. Other films he scored included Mobile Suit Gundam Movie II: Soldiers of Sorrow (1981), Mobile Suit Gundam Movie III: Encounters in Space, (1982), Birth (Bâsu) (1984), Arion (1986), Robot Carnival (1987), Totoro (1988), Crest of the Royal Family and Maison Ikkoku – Apartment Fantasy (both 1988), Venus Wars (1989), Kiki's Delivery Service (1989), Porco Rosso (1992) and Ocean Heaven (2010). He also did theme song arrangements and composed other anime titles's opening, closing and insert theme songs such as Mahō Shōjo Lalabel (1980), Hello! Sandybell (1981), Meiken Jolie (1981), Voltron (1981), Ai Shite Knight (1983), Creamy Mami, the Magic Angel: Curtain Call (1986), and Kimagure Orange Road: The Movie (1988).
As more exposure was given to Hisaishi and the anime industry, his career grew. He initiated a solo career, began to produce music, and created his own label (Wonder Land Inc.). A year later, the label released its first album, Pretender, in New York.
As a result of his work throughout the years, Hisaishi has won the Japanese Academy Award for Best Music seven times—in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1999, 2000, 2009, and 2011. He also received the 48th Newcomer Award in 1997 from the Ministry of Education (Public Entertainment Section) among numerous other awards, being recognized as an influential figure in the Japanese film industry.
In 1998, he provided the soundtrack to the 1998 Winter Paralympics. The following year, he composed the music for the third installment in a series of popular computer-animated educational films about the human body.
In 2001, Hisaishi produced music for Takeshi Kitano's film, Brother, and Hayao Miyazaki's masterpiece, Spirited Away. He also served as executive producer of the Night Fantasia 4 Movement at the Japan Expo in Fukushima 2001. On October 6, Hisaishi made his debut as a film director in Quartet, having also written both its music and script. The film received excellent reviews at the Montreal Film Festival. His first soundtrack for a foreign film, Le Petit Poucet, was released in the same year.
Another Miyazaki film, Howl's Moving Castle, for which Hisaishi composed the score, was released on November 20, 2004, in Japan. From November 3 to 29, 2004, Hisaishi embarked on his "Joe Hisaishi Freedom – Piano Stories 2004" tour with Canadian musicians. In 2005, he composed the soundtrack for the Korean film, Welcome to Dongmakgol (웰컴 투 동막골). He also partook in Korea's historically landmarked big budget drama series production by composing the soundtrack for Korea's MBC drama series, The Legend (태왕사신기 "The Story of the First King's Four Gods"), which released in 2007. Hisaishi has a large fan base in Korea due to the popularity of Miyazaki films.
In 2006, Hisaishi released a studio album, Asian X.T.C., the compositions of which demonstrated a significantly eclectic and contemporary Eastern style. The erhu player of the Chinese band 12 Girls Band Zhan Li Jun played in a live concert featuring music from that album. The following year, he composed and recorded the soundtrack for Frederic Lepage's film, Sunny and the Elephant and the Miyazaki film, Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea, both released in 2008, as well as the score for Jiang Wen's film, The Sun Also Rises (太阳照常升起).
In 2008, Hisaishi composed soundtracks for Academy Award-winning film Departures as well as for I'd Rather Be a Shellfish (私は貝になりたい Watashi wa Kai ni Naritai?), a post-World War II war crimes trial drama which is based on the 1959 Tetsutaro Kato novel and film currently being remade and directed by Katsuo Fukuzawa, starring Masahiro Nakai and Yukie Nakama.
Hisaishi also released a new solo album in early 2009 featuring tracks from Shellfish and Departures.
On June 28, 2013 Hisaishi was among those invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. This honor is extended to those "who have distinguished themselves by their contributions to theatrical motion pictures."
In 2013 his music scored Legends of the Deep: Giant squid, a wildlife documentary featuring the first-ever filming of this reclusive creature (narrated by David Attenborough for BBC's Natural World special Giant Squid: Filming the Impossible).
Hisaishi's full discography and list of projects may be accessed at his official website.
|Piano Stories I||1988.07.21|
|My Lost City||1992.02.12|
|Piano Stories II||1996.10.25|
|Piano Stories III||1998.10.14|
|Shoot The Violinist ~Violist No Geki Te~||2000.05.17|
|Curved Music II||2003.01.29|
|Piano Stories IV||2005.01.26|
|Rakuen / Maldives||2006.04.26|
|Another Piano Stories||2009.02.18|
|Symphonic Best Selection||1992.09.09|
|Joe Hisaishi Best Selection||1999.12.22|
|Joe Hisaishi Complete Best Selection||2001.12.12|
|Best Live 2003||2003.10.22|
|American in Paris||2005.11.30|
|The Best Collection||2006.06.07|
|Hisaishi Meets Miyazaki Films||2008.04.08|
|Piano Stories Best '88-'08||2008.04.16|
|Melodyphony ~Best of Joe Hisaishi~||2010.10.27|
|The Best of Cinema Music||2011.03.11|
|Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1984|
|→Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1984||Single-Kaze no Yousei|
|→Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1984.02.25||Symphonic Album|
|→Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1984||Image Album|
|→Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1984.03.25||Soundtrack Album|
|→Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1984.04.25||Drama Album|
|→Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1989.10.25||Hi-tech Series|
|→Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1992.03.15||Piano Solo|
|W's Tragedy (Wの悲劇 オリジナルサントラ)||1984.12.21||Soundtrack|
|Early Spring Tale (早春物語)||1985.09.01||Soundtrack|
|→Arion (Wind & Wilderness)||1986||Image Album|
|→Arion (Wanderings of Youth)||1986||Soundtrack|
|Soil 未来の記憶||1986||Syoko Solo Album|
|Mezon Ikkoku (めぞん一刻)||1986.10.25||Soundtrack|
|Laputa Castle in the Sky||1986|
|→Laputa Castle in the Sky||1986.05.25||Image Album|
|→Laputa Castle in the Sky||1986.09.25/1986.08.25?||Soundtrack|
|→Laputa Castle in the Sky||1986||Piano Solo|
|→Laputa Castle in the Sky||1986||Single|
|→Laputa Castle in the Sky||1986||Tatsuya Ishii|
|→Laputa Castle in the Sky||1986||USA Version Soundtrack|
|→Laputa Castle in the Sky||1987.01.25||Symphonic Album|
|Laputa Castle in the Sky||1989.02.25||Drama Album|
|→Laputa Castle in the Sky||1989.11.25||Hi-Tech|
|My Neighbor Totoro||1987|
|→My Neighbor Totoro||1987.11.25||Image Album|
|→My Neighbor Totoro||1988.09.25||Soundbook Album|
|→My Neighbor Totoro||1989.02.25||Drama Album|
|→My Neighbor Totoro||1990.01.25||Hi-Tech|
|→My Neighbor Totoro||1992.03.15||Piano Solo|
|→My Neighbor Totoro||1999.12.01||Song & Karaoke Album|
|→Mei and the Catbus||2002.10.02||Single|
|→My Neighbor Totoro||2002.10.23||Orchestral|
|Night City (シングル)||1988.08.21|
|Winter travelers (冬の旅人)||1988.12.21||(1989.01.10?)|
|→Venus Wars||1988.12.21||Image Album|
|Kiki's Delivery Service||1989|
|→Kiki's Delivery Service||1989.04.10||Image Album|
|→Kiki's Delivery Service||1989.08.25||Soundtrack|
|→Kiki's Delivery Service||1989.09.25||Drama Album|
|→Kiki's Delivery Service||1989.12.21||Hi-Tech|
|→Kiki's Delivery Service||1992.11.25||Vocal|
|The Inners (はるかなる時間の 彼方へ)||1989.04.21||Soundtrack|
|→Porco Rosso||1992.05.25||Image Album|
|→Porco Rosso||1992.09.25||Drama Album|
|A Scene at the Sea||1992.11.25||Soundtrack|
|The Water Traveller, Samurai Kids||1993.08.04||Soundtrack|
|Joe's Project (ぴあの)||1994.06.01|
|Joe's Project 2 (ぴあの / 純名里沙)||1994.08.10|
|→Princess Mononoke||1997||Single CD|
|→Princess Mononoke||1997||USA Version Soundtrack|
|→Princess Mononoke||1996.07.22||Image Album|
|→Princess Mononoke||1998.07.08||Symphonic Suite|
|Parasite Eve||1997.02.01||Movie Soundtrack|
|Tree of Early Winter Rains (時雨の記)||1998.10.31||Soundtrack|
|Universe Within I: Human Body I & II||1999.04.28|
|Universe Within II: Brain & Mind I & II||1999.04.28|
|Universe Within III: Gene I & II||1999.04.28|
|First Love (Hatsu-koi)||2000.03.28||Soundtrack|
|As the River Flows||2000.04.29||Soundtrack|
|→Spirited Away||2001.04.04||Image Album|
|Joe Hisaishi Meets Kitano Films||2001.06.21||Compilation|
|Little Tom Thumb (Le Petit Poucet)||2001.10.15||Soundtrack|
|Howl's Moving Castle||2004|
|→Howl's Moving Castle||2004.01.21||Image Album|
|→Howl's Moving Castle||2004.10.02||CD Maxi-Single|
|→Howl's Moving Castle||2004.11.19||Soundtrack|
|Kaze no Bon (の風盆から)||2002.11.23||Soundtrack|
|When the Last Sword is Drawn||2002.12.26||Soundtrack|
|Le Mécano de la General||2004.09.06||Soundtrack|
|Welcome to Dongmakgol (웰컴 투 동막골)||2005.08.04||Soundtrack|
|A Chinese Tall Story (情癫大圣)||2005.12.19||Soundtrack|
|The Sun Also Rises||2007.09.19||Soundtrack|
|Tae Wang Sa Shin Gi (태왕 사 신기)||2007.09.11||Soundtrack|
|A Tale of Mari and Three Puppies (マリと子犬の物語)||2007.12.08||Soundtrack|
|Ponyo on a Cliff by the Sea||2008|
|→Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea||2008.03.08||Image Album|
|→Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea||2008.07.16||Soundtrack|
|→Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea||2008||Single|
|I'd Rather Be A Shellfish (Watashi Wa Kai Ni Naritai)||2008.11.19||Soundtrack|
|Sunny Et L'Elephant||2008.12.04||Soundtrack|
|The Postmodern Life of My Aunt||2009.07.09||Soundtrack|
|NHK TV Series "A Cloud on the Slope (Saka no Ue no Kumo)"||2009.11.18||Soundtrack Vol 1|
|Oruru No Mori No Monogatari(A Tale of Ululu's Wonderful Forest)||2009.12.16||Soundtrack|
|The 19th Step||2010||Studio Album|
|Ocean Heaven Gui Lunmei||2010|
|NHK TV Series "A Cloud on the Slope (Saka no Ue no Kumo)"||2010.11.17||Soundtrack Vol 2|
|Pandane to Tamagohime (Mr. Dough and the Egg Princess)||2011.02.02||Soundtrack|
|Ni no Kuni: Dominion of the Dark Djinn||2011.02.09||Soundtrack|
|NHK TV Series "A Cloud on the Slope (Saka no Ue no Kumo)"||2011.11.09||Soundtrack Vol 3|
|NHK TV Series "A Cloud on the Slope (Saka no Ue no Kumo)"||2012.02.22||Soundtrack Compilation|
|The Samurai Astronomer||2012.09.12||Soundtrack|
|Ni no Kuni: Wrath of the White Witch||2013.03.29||Soundtrack|
|NHK Shinkai Project~Giant Deep Sea Creatures||2013.06.26||Soundtrack|
|Kiseki No Ringo||2013.07.15||Soundtrack|
|The Wind Rises||2013.07.17||Soundtrack|
|The Tale of Princess Kaguya||2013.11.20||Soundtrack|
|A Wish to the Moon – Joe Hisaishi & 9 Cellos 2003 Etude/Encore Tour||2003-06-25|
|W.D.O. (Joe Hisaishi and New Japan Philharmonic World Dream Orchestra)||2006-12-20|
|Joe Hisaishi in Budokan – 25 years with the Animations of Hayao Miyazaki||2009-07-03|
|Joe Hisaishi in Budokan – 25 years with the Animations of Hayao Miyazaki||2009-07-03|
(released by Zen-On Music Company Ltd.)
|Orchestra Stories: Tonari no TOTORO (Original Edition)|
|ENCORE (Original Edition)|
|A String Quartet: "QUARTET"|
|Asian X.T.C. (Original Edition)|
|FREEDOM (Original Edition)|
|Etudes ~A Wish to the Moon~|
There are also numerous television and cinema soundtracks created by Joe Hisaishi which were never released for sale, such as.
- TV Scores
- Movie, OVA, Special Scores
- Video Game Scores
- Soundtrack Works
- Mahō Shōjo Lalabel (1980–1981)
- Voltron (1981–1982)
- Hello! Sandybell (1981–1982)
- Meiken Jolie (1981–1982)
- Mobile Suit Gundam: The Movie Trilogy (1981–1982) (did music arrangements and additional music to Soldiers of Sorrow and Encounters in Space)
- Ai Shite Knight (1983–1984)
- Creamy Mami, the Magic Angel: Curtain Call (1986)
- Kimagure Orange Road: The Movie (1988)
- Joe Hisaishi film score concerts – People's Daily Online. English.peopledaily.com.cn (July 23, 2013). Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
- Music – Joe Hisaishi. BBC. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
- Joe Hisaishi// Who's Who //. Nausicaa.net (December 6, 1950). Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
- 第15回日本アカデミー賞優秀作品 (in Japanese). Japan Academy Prize. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- 第16回日本アカデミー賞優秀作品 (in Japanese). Japan Academy Prize. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- 第17回日本アカデミー賞優秀作品 (in Japanese). Japan Academy Prize. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- 第22回日本アカデミー賞優秀作品 (in Japanese). Japan Academy Prize. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- 第23回日本アカデミー賞優秀作品 (in Japanese). Japan Academy Prize. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- 第32回日本アカデミー賞優秀作品 (in Japanese). Japan Academy Prize. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- 第34回日本アカデミー賞優秀作品 (in Japanese). Japan Academy Prize. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
- "678 individuals, 24 groups awarded Medals of Honor,"[dead link] Mainichi Shimbun. November 3, 2009; "Ghibli Composer Joe Hisaishi Awarded Medal of Honour," Anime News Network. November 3, 2009.
- Academy Invites 276 to Membership. Oscars.org. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
- BBC Two – Natural World, 2013–2014, Giant Squid: Filming the Impossible – Natural World Special. Bbc.co.uk (March 23, 2014). Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
- Team Ghiblink. "Discography of Joe Hisaishi". Nausicaa.net. Retrieved 2008-01-19.
- Official Website
- Chinese Fansite
- Joe Hisaishi at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
- Joe Hisaishi at the Internet Movie Database
- Info at Nausicaa.net