Joe Jackson (manager)
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)|
Jackson in 2007
|Born||Joseph Walter Jackson
July 26, 1928 
Fountain Hill, Arkansas, U.S.
|Occupation||Musician, talent manager, boxer|
|Spouse(s)||Katherine Scruse (m. 1949)|
|Children||10, See below|
|Parents||Samuel Jackson (1893–1993)
Crystal Lee King (1907–1992)
Joseph Walter "Joe" Jackson (born July 26, 1928) is an American musician, boxer, and talent manager, who is the father and manager of the Jackson family of entertainers which includes Michael Jackson, Janet Jackson, The Jackson 5, Rebbie Jackson and La Toya Jackson.
Early life 
Joseph Jackson was born in Fountain Hill, Arkansas, the eldest of six children, to Crystal Lee (née King; 1907-1992) and Samuel Jackson (1893-1993). His siblings were Verna Mae (1930 - 1937), Lula Mae (born c. 1932), Lawrence (born c. 1933), Luther (c. 1935), and Wanda (c. 1937.)
Jackson described his childhood as "lonely," later writing in his memoirs that he rarely played with other children and said his father was domineering and strict. When he was twelve, his parents divorced and Jackson and some of his siblings moved with their father to Oakland. At eighteen, he moved to East Chicago, Indiana to live near his mother. Jackson married his first wife[who?] shortly thereafter but their marriage was annulled. During this time, Jackson had an affair with Katherine Scruse. After a two-year courtship, the couple married on November 5, 1949.
Jackson began working as a crane operator at East Chicago's U.S. Steel company.
The Jackson 5 
Joseph Jackson's son, Tito, would play his father's guitar while his father was away at work. One night, nine-year-old Tito broke a string off Jackson's guitar. While upset, Jackson demanded his son to play the guitar after he fixed the guitar string. Noticing Tito's talent, he bought Tito his own guitar afterwards and after discovering his two other sons Jackie and Jermaine's talents as singers, decided to form a band around his sons. Within a couple years, The Jackson Brothers became The Jackson 5 after Joseph included his two younger sons Marlon and Michael as backing percussionists. Though young Michael had been singing onstage from age five, his father didn't notice his other talents until the brothers performed a talent show at Gary's Roosevelt High School where Michael imitated James Brown as both a vocalist and dancer. Afterwards, following a victory at a local Gary talent show, Jackson began only working part-time at U.S. Steel and began managing his sons full-time in 1967 turning them professional.
The group was booked on several venues in the chitlin circuit, leading to them being signed to Motown Records in 1968. After re-signing with the label for a seven-year deal in March 1969, the group relocated to Detroit to record at the label's Hitsville USA studios for their first album. Following the success of the album, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5 and its single, "I Want You Back", Jackson began fighting with Motown CEO Berry Gordy for control of the group. After a period of success, the Jackson 5's success tapered off after 1974, with the group wanting creative control. During this time, Joseph Jackson began adding the rest of his children, including eldest daughter Rebbie, La Toya, Randy and the youngest child, Janet, into his sons' act when the group began performing in Las Vegas. Jackson was inspired by the success of fellow famous family group The Osmonds, who also had a successful Las Vegas run around the same time. Jackson would also convince the family to partake on a musical variety show a couple years later. Meanwhile, after complaints from several of his sons, Joseph Jackson and his sons signed a lucrative contract with CBS Records in 1975 without telling Motown Records of the deal, later leading to a headline-making lawsuit against the family, which led to the recording of their debut CBS record to be delayed. That same year, Jermaine Jackson broke ties with his father and family after he decided to stay with Motown. Randy Jackson became Jermaine's official replacement in 1976 and the group changed their name to the Jacksons (after being noted that The Jackson 5 was now owned by Motown). Four years later, Michael Jackson followed his brother to leave his father's management.
In 1979, following the success of his sons' 1978 album, Destiny, Joseph Jackson formed Joseph Jackson Productions and began managing his two younger daughters La Toya and Janet's solo careers, starting with La Toya releasing her first solo efforts in 1980, followed by Janet, in 1982. In 1982, the rest of Joseph's sons Jackie, Tito, Marlon and Randy also announced that they would leave their father's management team. Joseph was often quoted saying "it's my blood that runs through their veins" after each of his sons left. In 1986, Jackson hired John McClain to look after his youngest daughter Janet's fledgling singing career. Upon hearing that his daughter was working with Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, he advised the duo to "not have my daughter sound like Prince". Following the success of the Control album, Janet Jackson left her father's management team. La Toya Jackson would also leave Joseph's management team that same year. Though he had convinced Rebbie to join her family's Las Vegas act, Joseph never managed Rebbie, who was managed by her husband until his passing in January 2013.
While Jermaine had subsequent solo success after leaving his father and the Jackson 5, his solo career began to see dwindling fortunes in the late eighties after being noted for his successes as producer for acts such as Switch and Whitney Houston's early records. In 1983, he reunited with his brothers and the group released the Victory album the following year. Jackson, his wife Katherine and Don King spearheaded the Jacksons' final concert tour, which led to problems especially with concert tickets. It's alleged Joseph Jackson and Don King had overpriced concert tickets leading to controversy. Following this, Michael Jackson decided to not do business anymore with his father though he would often help his father out of legal troubles that would come from bad deals. After her success, Janet Jackson also began helping out her father's financial difficulties. By 1990, however, both siblings had stopped paying for their father. La Toya Jackson was never able to find success similar to her brother and sister after she left her father. By then, the other Jackson brothers' careers had also faded.
Public image 
Michael Jackson claimed that from a young age he was physically and emotionally abused by his father, enduring incessant rehearsals, whippings and name-calling, but also admitting that his father's strict discipline played a large part in his success. In one altercation—later recalled by Marlon Jackson—Joseph held Michael upside down by one leg and "pummeled him over and over again with his hand, hitting him on his back and buttocks." Michael first spoke openly about his childhood abuse in a 1993 interview with Oprah Winfrey. He said that during his childhood he often cried from loneliness and would sometimes get sick or start to vomit upon seeing his father. Michael recalled that Joseph sat in a chair with a belt in his hand as Michael and his siblings rehearsed and that "if you didn't do it the right way, he would tear you up, really get you." Joseph admitted to whipping his children with switches and belts as punishment, but said he did not do so at random, and claimed never to have used any hard object as he felt was implied by the word "beating."  Despite the much-publicized abuse, Michael honored his father with an annual "Joseph Jackson Day" at Neverland Ranch and ultimately forgave him, noting that Joseph's deep-South upbringing during the Great Depression and the Jim Crow years and working-class adulthood hardened him emotionally and made him push his children to succeed as entertainers.
In 2003, in an interview with Louis Theroux for a BBC TV documentary called Louis, Martin & Michael, Joseph admitted to using physical punishment on his children. In the same documentary, Joseph took advantage of the opportunity to promote his record label's new artists, even though the intention was to talk about Michael in the interview. In the same interview, Joe Jackson expressed an extreme dislike of gay people after Theroux asked if he'd like to see Michael settle down with a "partner".
Following Michael's death on June 25, 2009, Joseph attended the BET Awards on June 28. The event was hastily reorganized as a tribute to Michael following his sudden passing. Joseph appeared at the event, speaking to several reporters about Michael's death. He struggled with CNN reporter Don Lemon's questions about his family, first appearing cheerful, then mournful, then asking a family spokesperson to read a prepared statement. After the statement was read, Joseph talked about his new hip-hop recording project. This exchange led to accusations of insensitivity from the press. In a press conference two days later, Joseph said he had honestly answered a question about what he had been doing, and mentioned his recording project again before going on to praise Michael's life and work. Additionally, when speculation arose that a Norwegian friend of Michael, named Omer Bhatti, was Michael's son, Joseph accepted the claims, even though sources close to Bhatti had denied the claims.
Jackson has had ten children with his wife Katherine Scruse.
- Maureen Reillette "Rebbie" Jackson (born May 29, 1950)
- Sigmund Esco "Jackie" Jackson (born May 4, 1951)
- Toriano Adaryll "Tito" Jackson (born October 15, 1953)
- Jermaine La Jaune Jackson (born December 11, 1954)
- La Toya Yvonne Jackson (born May 29, 1956)
- Brandon Jackson (March 12, 1957, died at birth)
- Marlon David Jackson (born March 12, 1957)
- Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009)
- Steven Randall "Randy" Jackson (born October 29, 1961)
- Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966)
- "Joe turns 80". Chicago Defender. 2008.
- "Michael Jackson's Secret Childhood". VH1. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- Taraborrelli, pp. 20–22
- Campbell (1995), pp. 14–16
- Lewis, pp. 165–168
- George, pp. 45–46
- Taraborrelli, p. 620
- Taraborrelli, p. 602
- "Singer Jackson whipped by father". BBC News. November 13, 2003. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- Michael Jackson's Private Home Movies
- Jackson, Michael. "Heal the Kids." Speech at the Oxford Union, March 2001.
- BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Music | Singer Jackson whipped by father
- Incredulous! Joe Jackson uses Michael's death to promote a record label
- Video of the interview, 24:00 onwards
- Premsrirut, Rutt (2009-07-01). "In Defense of Joe Jackson". ABCNews.com (ABC News). Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- Staff writer (2009-06-30). "Joe Jackson's behavior draws criticism". UPI.com (United Press International). Retrieved 2009-06-30.