Joe Murray (animator)
May 3, 1961 |
San Jose, California, U.S.
|Occupation||Animator, television producer, writer|
Early career 
Born and raised in San Jose, California, Joe Murray said that he developed an interest in working as an artist as a career when he was three years old. According to Murray, his kindergarten teacher told his mother that he was the only student who drew zippers on pants and breasts on women. Murray credits his Leland High School art teacher Mark Briggs for teaching him "so much about my art." At age 16, he became a full-time artist.
Taking the position of political cartoonist for a newspaper in San Jose, his cartoons often targeted then-President Jimmy Carter. On his website, in a 2007 entry he said that he admired Carter's post-presidential work.
As a young adult, he was hired as a designer at an agency. Murray invested his earnings from the company into independent animated films. At age 20, Murray founded his independent illustration company, Joe Murray Studios, in 1981 while still in university. His early attempts at animation date back to 1986 when he joined De Anza College. Murray created several short animated films, his most successful was made in 1987, which was a two minute animated short titled "The Chore," which focused on a harried husband who uses his cat as a novel solution while not wanting to do a chore for his wife. He drew the scenes on typing paper and shot the scenes with 16 mm film. For creating "The Chore" Murray earned the Student Academy Award two years later in 1989. 
In 1988 he did 2 network ID's for MTV, and left in 1991 in hopes of starting his own projects. One of the MTV ID's Murray created involved the future Rocko's Modern Life character Heffer Wolfe; the ID featured Heffer being pushed out of a building with the MTV logo branded onto his buttocks.
"My Dog Zero" 
"My Dog Zero," released in 1992, was Murray's third independent film and first color film. Murray said that "My Dog Zero" was his "most gratifying" artistic project to date because of his own "stubbornness" in resolving the obstacles and issues involved in the production, such as lack of funding and lack of resources. With a grant he employed twelve people, mostly university students, to cel paint the film. According to Murray, when he finished the film, several distributors refused to air it. He appeared at the Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco with a copy of the film and persuaded the staff to air the film with the scheduled films. According to Murray, "My Dog Zero" received "good response."
Rocko's Modern Life 
Murray created and was the executive producer for the animated series Rocko's Modern Life, which aired on Nickelodeon from 1993 to 1996. He voiced the character Ralph Bighead in the episodes "I Have No Son" and "Wacky Delly," and a caricature version of himself in "Short Story."
Originally, the character Rocko appeared in an unpublished comic book titled Travis. Murray tried selling the comic book in the late 1980s, but was never successful of getting it in production. Murray wanted funding for "My Dog Zero," so he wanted Nickelodeon to pre-buy television rights for the series. Murray presented a pencil test to Nickelodeon Studios, which afterwards became interested in buying and airing the show. After deciding that "My Dog Zero" would not work as a television series, Murray combed through his sketchbooks, developed the Rocko's Modern Life concept, and submitted it to Nickelodeon, believing that the concept would likely be rejected. According to Murray, around three or four months later he had "forgotten about" the concept and was working on "My Dog Zero" when Linda Simensky informed Murray that Nickelodeon wanted a pilot episode. Murray said that he was glad that he would get funding for "My Dog Zero."
In 1992, two months prior to the production of season 1 of Rocko's Modern Life, Murray's first wife, Diane, committed suicide. Murray had blamed the show being taken as the reason for his wife's suicide. Murray felt that he had emotional and physical "unresolved issues" when he moved to Los Angeles. He describes the experience as like participating in "marathon with my pants around my ankles." Murray initially believed that he would create one season, move back to the San Francisco Bay Area, and "clean up the loose ends I had left hanging." To his surprise Nickelodeon approved new seasons.
After season 3 he decided to hand the project to Stephen Hillenburg, who performed most work for season 4 and created SpongeBob SquarePants shortly after that; Murray continued to manage the cartoon. Murray said that he would completely leave the production after season 4. Murray said that he encouraged the network to continue production. Nickelodeon decided to cancel the series. Murray described all fifty-two episodes as "top notch" and that, in his view, the quality of a television show may decline as production continues "when you are dealing with volume."
Post-Rocko's Modern Life 
After completing 52 episodes of Rocko's Modern Life, Murray took a break from the animation business and produced two children's books and illustrated two children's books: Who Asked the Moon to Dinner? (1999), The Enormous Mister Schmupsle: An ABC Adventure (2003), Hugville (written by Court Crandall) (2005), and Funny Cryptograms (written by Shawn Kennedy).
Murray was working on a web-based cartoon named The Family Pop, which was produced in Flash and was in the middle of negotiations for this cartoon just prior to the onset of Camp Lazlo. On September 30, 2008, Murray added a new feature to his website, The Tin Box, where Murray posts some of his independent work. The first work posted was Where’s Poppa, a short episode of The Family Pop.
Camp Lazlo 
Murray decided to return to television cartooning, this time selling his work to Cartoon Network Studios. In 2005, he produced a pilot for the cartoon Camp Lazlo, which was picked-up for a 13 episode first season and ran for five seasons, with production ending in November 2007.  On September 8, 2007, the TV movie "Where's Lazlo?" won an Emmy for Outstanding Animated Program (For an hour or more). During the production of Camp Lazlo, Murray underwent a divorce.
Post-Camp Lazlo 
Once production finished for Camp Lazlo, and the final episodes were delivered, Murray developed a new television series. While he is working out details about production and distribution, he has started work on his next independent film project, Fish head, and publishing Crafting A Cartoon, a book on creating and producing an animated TV series, and working on producing a new short series, entitled Frog In A Suit.
Murray is currently planning to develop KaboingTV, a web network entirely dedicated to cartoons. On April 20, 2010, Murray launched a donation drive on Kickstarter to fund the project, he required $16,800 by June 5 to reach the total funding amount for his project; otherwise, it would be cancelled. The project surpassed the amount of funding needed, and Murray is currently developing the next Frog in a Suit episodes. KaboingTV premiered in March 11, 2011.
Character creation process 
- He starts with the personality. He shapes the conditions that make the character "tick," the character's imperfections, and the appeal. He asks himself, "Why would I want to tell stories about them?"
- If he is working with an anthropomorphic series or book with varying animals, he chooses an animal that, in his eyes, match the created personality. According to Murray, this resulted in a social caricature in Rocko's Modern Life.
- If he is working with an anthropomorphic series or book using one animal, he alters the specific character design to match the personality.
- Murray likes to vary eyeballs by size and color. He also varies nostrils. Murray believes that inconsistencies "make it more interesting"
- Murray then selects colors that, in his view, "feels right." He believes that yellow and bright colors "match a mood." If a character is "negative," he will pick a color that, in his opinion, matches the character.
- If he has to teach a crew of artists how to draw the character, he creates a model sheet for the character.
Murray says that one of the interesting aspects of character creation is the evolution of the personalities over time. In a one-time movie, the characters will have a static personality, but for a television series, the characters will change from season to season, developing new relationships, and even changing from mere background characters into a main character.
Television series 
- Rocko's Modern Life (In production from 1993 to 1996)
- Camp Lazlo! (In production from 2005 to 2008)
Written and illustrated 
- Who Asked the Moon to Dinner? (December 31, 1999) (Published in English and Korean)
- The Enormous Mr. Schmupsle! (August 2003)
- Crafting A Cartoon (September 12, 2008)
- Creating Animated Cartoons with Character (August 24, 2010)
Independent films 
- "The Chore"
- '"My Dog Zero" (1992) (Murray's third independent film)
- "The Affair" (2002)
- "Fish Head" (in production)
- "Bio," Joe Murray Studio
- "Lisa (Kiczuk) Trainor interviews Joe Murray, creator of Rocko's Modern Life," The Rocko's Modern Life FAQ
- "May 1, 2009." Joe Murray Studio. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "November 8, 2007," Joe Murray Studio
- "Independent Filmwork". Joe Murray Studio. Retrieved 2007-12-10.
- "Notable Student Academy Award Winners, Joe Murray". Retrieved 2010-04-24.
- "June 16, 2008." Joe Murray Studio. Retrieved on April 25, 2010.
- "March 22, 2010." Joe Murray Studio. Retrieved on April 25, 2010.
- "October 17, 2010." Joe Murray Studio. Retrieved on October 26, 2010. "I often directly blamed my wife’s suicide in 1992 on Rocko getting picked up ( it happened as we were preparing to start production of the series.)" and "I, at times do the same with Lazlo. Again, another positive in my life, and yet I went through a painful divorce in the middle of it."
- "Children's Books," Joe Murray Studio
- "Who Asked the Moon to Dinner?," Smallfellow Press
- "Paintings Gallery One," Joe Murray
- "The Enormous Mr. Schmupsle!," Smallfellow Press
- "Hugville," Amazon.com
- Murray, Joe (2008). Crafting A Cartoon. Garden Box Media Group.
- "Joe Murray's Journal September 30, 2008". Joe Murray Studios. Retrieved 2008-10-01.[dead link]
- "Cartoon Network pressroom, Camp Lazlo". Retrieved 2007-12-10.
- "Joe Murray Studio's Journal entry regarding post-production of Camp Lazlo". Retrieved 2007-12-10.
- Emmy winner for 2007 - http://www.emmys.tv/awards/2007pt/nominations.php?action=search_db
- "Joe Murray Studio's Journal for June 23, 2008". Archived from the original on 2008-06-29. Retrieved 2008-06-24.
- "New Projects". Joe Murray Studio. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Joe Murray's Journal August 30, 2008". Joe Murray Studios. Retrieved 2008-09-04.[dead link]
- "Joe Murray's Journal: Crafting A Cartoon". Joe Murray Studios. Retrieved 2008-09-13.[dead link]
- "Character Museum," Joe Murray Studio. Retrieved on December 22, 2008.
- "Q & A with Joe Murray," Cartoon Network Pressroom
- "Joe Murray's Journal, May 27, 2008".
- "Rocko's Modern Life," Joe Murray Studio
- "Camp Lazlo," Joe Murray Studio
- "Who Asked the Moon to Dinner? (Hardcover)," Amazon.com
- "The Enormous Mister Schmupsle: An ABC Adventure (Hardcover)," Amazon.com
- "Joe Murray's Journal September 3, 2008". Joe Murray Studios. Retrieved 2008-09-04.[dead link]
- "Creating Animated Cartoons with Character," Amazon.com
- "Funny Cryptograms," Amazon.com
- "Joe Murray's Journal entry for May 22, 2008".