|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 1st district
January 3, 1995 – September 5, 2001
|Preceded by||Earl Hutto|
|Succeeded by||Jeff Miller|
|Born||Charles Joseph Scarborough
April 9, 1963
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Melanie Hinton (div.)
Susan Waren (div.)
|Alma mater||University of Alabama,
University of Florida Levin College of Law
|Profession||Attorney, currently television host|
Charles Joseph "Joe" Scarborough (//; born April 9, 1963) is an American cable news and talk radio host, lawyer, author, and former politician. He is currently the co-host of Morning Joe on MSNBC, and previously hosted Scarborough Country on the same channel. Scarborough served in the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 2001 as a Republican from the 1st district of Florida. He was named in the 2011 Time 100 as one of the most influential people in the world.
Early life, education and early legal career
Scarborough was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the son of Mary Joanna (née Clark) and George Francis Scarborough, a businessman; he has two siblings. When his father died in May 2011, his life story appeared in the Congressional Record and in Politico's Playbook. Scarborough even wrote a eulogy op-ed online.
Joe Scarborough graduated from Pensacola Catholic High School in Pensacola, Florida. He received a B.A. from the University of Alabama in 1985 and a J.D. from the University of Florida College of Law in 1990. During this time he wrote and produced CDs with his band, Dixon Mills, and taught high school. He was admitted to the Florida Bar in 1991, and practiced law in Pensacola.
Scarborough's most famous case was representing Michael F. Griffin, the accused killer of abortion doctor David Gunn, in early to mid-1993. He made several court appearances for Griffin. "There was no way in hell I could sit in at a civil trial, let alone a capital trial," he claims now, referring to the prospect of prosecutors seeking the death penalty against Griffin." Scarborough assisted Griffin in choosing a trial lawyer from the many who offered their services, and he also shielded the family from the media exposure, pro bono.
Scarborough also helped to raise his political profile and made numerous contacts by assisting with a petition drive in late 1993 to oppose a 65 percent increase in the City of Pensacola's property taxes.
In 1994, Scarborough won the Republican Party primary for Florida's 1st congressional district. Eight-term Democratic incumbent Earl Hutto announced his retirement. In the general election Scarborough defeated the Democratic candidate, Pensacola attorney Vinnie Whibbs, with 61 percent of the vote. Whibbs was the son of former Pensacola mayor Vince Whibbs. The district had not supported a Democratic candidate for U.S. president since 1960 but Democratic candidates continued to win most local offices well into the 1990s.
Scarborough was reelected with 72 percent of the vote in 1996. In 1998 and 2000, he was opposed by only a write-in candidate.
He received a 95 percent lifetime rating from the American Conservative Union. He signed the Contract with America. Scarborough served on the Armed Services, Judiciary, Government Reform, and Education committees. In 1998, he was named Chairman of the Civil Service Committee.
Scarborough was one of a group of about 40 freshmen Republican legislators who dubbed themselves the "New Federalists" after the Federalist Papers. Scarborough was elected Political Director of the incoming legislators. The New Federalists called for sweeping cuts in the U.S. government, including plans to "privatize, localize, consolidate, [or] eliminate" the Departments of Commerce, Education, Energy and Housing and Urban Development. Gingrich tapped Scarborough to head a Republican task force on education, and Scarborough declared, "Our goal is to get as much money, power and authority out of Washington and get as much money, power and authority into the classroom as possible." Rep. John Kasich (R-Ohio), then Chairman of the House Budget Committee, adopted Scarborough's language eliminating the federal Department of Education in the 1996 House Budget Resolution. The budget passed the House by a vote of 238–193.
Scarborough supported a number of pro-life positions while in Congress, including the Unborn Victims of Violence Act, that made it a crime to harm a fetus during the commission of other crimes.
Scarborough sponsored a bill to force the U.S. to withdraw from the United Nations after a four-year transition and voted to make the Corporation for Public Broadcasting self-sufficient by eliminating federal funding. He also voted for the "Medicare Preservation act of 1995," which cut the projected growth of Medicare by $270 billion over ten years, and against the "Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996," which raised the minimum wage to $5.15. Scarborough had a conservative voting record on economic, social, and foreign policy issues, but was seen as moderate on environmental issues and human rights causes, including closing the School of the Americas and Lori Berenson.
(US Congressman Joe Scarborough) heard about Lori Berenson on an NPR broadcast. He went to Peru and spent a day at her second trial. He watched the prosecutors and the judges working together, heard the evidence and decided that she had done nothing that would have convicted her in a U.S. court. Even a repentant terrorist, who was to have been the strongest witness, said Berenson was not a member of MRTA and gave no help at all. Scarborough thought the court had to conclude she was not a terrorist leader.
While in Congress, Scarborough received a number of awards, including the "Friend of the Taxpayer Award" from Americans for Tax Reform; the "Guardian of Small Business Award" from the National Federation of Independent Business; the "Spirit of Enterprise Award" from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce; the "Taxpayer's Hero Award" from the Citizens Against Government Waste; and the "Guardian of Seniors' Rights Award" from the 60 Plus Association.
On July 20, 2001, one of Scarborough's aides died after hitting her head on a desk when she fainted while alone in Scarborough's Fort Walton Beach, Florida, office. According to Scarborough, soon after the death, allegations "spread all over the Internet" that he had been involved. There was no evidence of foul play. In 2003, he joked about the incident with Don Imus on Imus's radio program. In 2004, it was the subject of a public spat between Scarborough and filmmaker Michael Moore. Scarborough and Markos Moulitsas of Daily Kos had a public falling out over the issue in 2010, which resulted in MSNBC deciding to cease inviting Moulitsas to appear on its shows for "publicly antagonizing one of our hosts."
- 104th Congress --Committee on Government Reform and Oversight --Committee on National Security (formerly Committee on Armed Services)
- 105th Congress—Committee on National Security—Committee on Government Reform and Oversight--Committee on Education and the Workforce
- 106th Congress-- Committee on Armed Services—Committee on Government Reform-- Committee on the Judiciary
- 107th Congress—Committee on Government Reform-- Committee on the Judiciary
|1994||Vince Whibbs||70,416||38%||Joe Scarborough||112,974||62%|
|1996||Kevin Beck||66,495||27%||Joe Scarborough||175,946||73%|
|1998||Tom Wells (Write In)||663||0%||Joe Scarborough||140,525||100%|
Scarborough announced his intent to resign to spend more time with his children five months into his fourth term in Congress. "The realization has come home to me that they're at a critical stage of their lives and I would rather be judged at the end of my life as a father than as a congressman," Scarborough said. A special election was held to replace him.
After leaving Congress, he joined the law firm of prominent Florida attorney Fred Levin. He practiced law with the firm Beggs and Lane, the oldest firm in Florida. He was appointed to the President's Council on the 21st Century Workforce in 2002.
In August 2005, Scarborough confirmed reports that he had been asked to consider a challenge to U.S. Rep. Katherine Harris for the Republican nomination to challenge Senator Bill Nelson's reelection bid. However, he announced later that month that he was renewing his contract with NBC.
In July 2006, former aides to Harris's 2006 Senate campaign claimed that Harris had called potential Scarborough supporters and raised the death of an aide in his home district office as a means to prevent his entry into the race. Scarborough, who had never intended to enter the race, initially considered suing Harris but decided to let the incident pass. He later told Nelson that drawing Harris as an opponent in the race made Nelson "the luckiest man in Washington."
In early 2009, Scarborough confirmed reports that he had been approached by Florida Republicans who wanted him to run for the Senate seat vacated by Republican Mel Martinez. Scarborough said he was not likely to run as he believes he can have more influence over public policy as the host of Morning Joe than as a U.S. Senator. However, he has not ruled out a political career in the future.
Scarborough is the co-host of MSNBC’s Morning Joe, which features interviews with top newsmakers and politicians and analysis of the day’s biggest stories. Previously, he hosted Scarborough Country, a primetime news show. He and Mika Brzezinski also briefly hosted a syndicated talk radio show called the Joe Scarborough Show on ABC Radio Network.
While still serving in Congress, Scarborough founded the free weekly Pensacola-area newspaper The Florida Sun in 1999. The paper later merged in 2001 and is now known as the "Independent News."
In April 2003, he embarked upon a television career with the launch of Scarborough Country on MSNBC, until he began hosting Morning Joe full-time.
Scarborough briefly hosted a three-hour radio show in 2005. The show aired in a competitive time slot (10am–1pm US ET) and struggled to gain affiliates; those few that did carry the show usually carried it in the noon–3pm US ET slot or in late nights instead. After a few months, Scarborough left the show to focus his time on other priorities.
In May, 2007, Scarborough became one of the rotating hosts auditioning for the slot vacated by Imus in the Morning on MSNBC. Scarborough, with his morning show, won the slot permanently in July 2007. According to Nielsen Ratings, Morning Joe consistently ranks 3rd. Scarborough also is a regular guest on NBC news programs, MSNBC news programs, and has appeared on Meet the Press numerous times. In April 2012, Scarborough guest hosted Meet the Press.
On November 10, 2008, Scarborough made headlines when he said "fuck" live on his show. In discussing Barack Obama's transition team, Scarborough contrasted the reputation of Clinton-era staffers with Obama Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel by saying "These were decent steady men who don't go around flipping people off or screaming 'fuck you' at the top of their lungs." The comment was not bleeped out, and while Scarborough's guests and cohosts reacted with amusement, he continued with his point, apparently oblivious to what he had said, until co-host Mika Brzezinski broke in and informed him of his mistake. Scarborough apologized, saying that he thought he had only "said the letter, not the word" and commented that "my wife's going to kill me." Morning Joe has subsequently been broadcast with a seven-second broadcast delay.
MSNBC suspended Scarborough without pay for two days on November 19, 2010, for violating NBC News' policy against making contributions to political candidates without prior notification and approval, two weeks after NBC suspended then MSNBC host Keith Olbermann for the same offense. Scarborough had donated $4,000 to Republican candidates in Florida.
On July 23, 2012 Joe Scarborough speculated on The Morning Joe that James Eagan Holmes, the Aurora Colorado shooter suspect, could be on the autism spectrum. The National Autistic Advocacy Organization expressed "deep concern" over Scarborough's comment. Scarborough made a number of comments in support of gun control on his show and in other media outlets after the December 2012 Newtown, CT shootings.
On Monday, February 10, 2014, Scarborough said New Jersey Governor Chris Christie had become a "distraction" to the Republican Governors Association. Christie chairs the influential group of Republican governors.
On December 8, 2008, Scarborough and Morning Joe co-host Mika Brzezinski began hosting a two-hour late-morning radio show on WABC (770 AM) in New York City, replacing 12-year veteran host John Gambling. As of April 26, 2010, the radio show has been put on "hiatus" to redevelop its format into a new three-hour show.
Scarborough released his first book, Rome Wasn’t Burnt in a Day: the Real Deal on how Politicians, Bureaucrats, and other Washington Barbarians are Bankrupting America, on October 4, 2005.
In his second book, The Last Best Hope, released on June 9, 2009, Scarborough outlines a plan to help guide conservatives back to a political majority after their defeats in the 2006 midterm elections and the 2008 Presidential election.
On November 12, 2013, Scarborough released his third book, The Right Path: From Ike to Reagan, How Republicans Once Mastered Politics--and Can Again.
||This section of a biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2013)|
In 1986, Scarborough married Melanie Hinton. They had two sons and divorced in 1999. While interviewing Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., in June 2005, Scarborough expressed concerns about the possibility that one of his sons may have suffered vaccine damage, perhaps attributable to the sharp increase during the 1980s in the amount of thimerosal injected into infants: "My son, born in 1991, has a slight form of autism called Asperger's. When I was practicing law and also when I was in Congress, parents would constantly come to me and they would bring me videotapes of their children, and they were all around the age of my son or younger. So, something happened in 1989."
In October 2001, Scarborough married his second wife, Susan Waren, a former aide to Florida Governor Jeb Bush and a former congressional committee staffer. Their daughter was born in August 2003; their son was born in May 2008. Scarborough and Waren were divorced in January 2013.
- "The 2011 TIME 100". TIME. April 21, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- "Opinion: Eulogy for Dad - Joe Scarborough". Politico.Com. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "Scarborough, Charles Joseph". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2006-03-18.
- liner notes "Dixon Mills" CD 1992 SRS records Inc.
- Michael Barone, Richard E. Cohen, The Almanac of American Politics, National Journal Press, 2002, pages 374–76.
- Berke, Richard L. "The 1994 Campaign: The South", "The New York Times, October 24, 1994.
- Barrett, Wayne." "Bruise Brother" The Village Voice, April 1, 2008.
- Griffin, Laura. "Area lawyer hired in clinic killing", St. Petersburg Times, April 13, 1993; Kaczor, Bill "Abortion an Unmentionable Issue in District Hit by Anti-Abortion Violence", Associated Press, November 2, 1994
- 2000 U.S. House Ratings[dead link]
- Shoop, Tom (1995-05-01). "Not Dead Yet (5/1/95) - www.GovernmentExecutive.com". Govexec.com. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "Is the GOP Budget Revolution Lost?". CATO. 1997-07-25. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
- "Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information". Congressional Research Service. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
- "Bill Summary & Status - 106th Congress (1999 - 2000) - H.R.2436 - All Congressional Actions - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=104_cong_bills&docid=f:h2979ih.txt.pdf (pdf)
- Mary McGrory (2001-07-01). "Captive Parents". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
- Wright, Denis and George, Chris. "A Death in the Congressman's Office", "American Politics Journal", August 8, 2001.
- Lisa Osburn, "Scarborough ready to get back home", Pensacola News Journal, September 6, 2001.
- James Wolcott, "MSNBC's fox hunt: management and marketing strategies", Vanity Fair 518 (October 2003): 140(5)
- Judy Bachrach. "Moore's War", Vanity Fair (March 2005): 240; Scarborough Country, June 14, 2004 
- Designating Majority Membership on Certain Standing Committees of the House (House of Representatives — January 04, 1995)
- Election of Majority Members to Certain Standing Committees of the House (House of Representatives — January 07, 1997); Election of Majority Members to Certain Standing Committees of the House (House of Representatives — January 09, 1997); Election of Majority Members to Certain Standing Committees of the House (House of Representatives — January 21, 1997)
- Election of Majority Members to Certain Standing Committees of the House — (House of Representatives — January 06, 1999); Election of Majority Members to Certain Standing Committees of the House — (House of Representatives — March 11, 1999)
- Election of Members to Certain Standing Committees of the House — (House of Representatives — January 06, 2001)
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Kaczor, Bill "U.S. Rep Scarborough to resign", "The Florida Times-Union", May 21, 2001.
- Charles Joseph Scarborough[dead link]
- "Members Of President's Council on the 21st Century Workforce Announced Council To Provide Information, Advice To The President On 21st Century Workforce Issues [03/21/2002]". Dol.gov. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "'Scarborough Country' for March 9 - Morning Joe - MSNBC.com". MSNBC. 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- Caputo, Marc (July 14, 2006). "Story of 'Joe's dead intern' began Harris's slide, insiders say". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2006-07-19.
- "Harris' Attack on TV Pundit Started Campaign Slide, Insiders Say". The Miami Herald. July 14, 2006. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Jeremy Wallace (2009-02-09). "Morning Joe or Sen. Joe". Sarasota Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Independent News". Pensapedia. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "Nielsen's Cable News Ratings". tvbythenumbers.com. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- "MTP Guest Hosts for Sunday April 1". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- Rovzar, Chris. "Joe Scarborough Drops the F-Bomb on Air - Daily Intel". Nymag.com. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "MSNBC host now guarded by 7-second delay". Fox News. Associated Press. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
- "MSNBC Suspends ‘Morning Joe’ Host Scarborough for Political Donations" Wall Street Journal November 19, 2010
- "ASAN Expresses Deep Concern over Scarborough Remarks Suggesting Aurora Shooter on the Autism Spectrum". Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- Kopan, Tal (10 February 2014). "Joe Scarborough: Chris Christie ‘distraction’ for RGA". Politico. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- "Joe Scarborough & Mika Brzezinski Begin Radio Show Monday". TV Newser. December 5, 2008.
- Stelter, Brian (December 5, 2008). "TV Decoder: 'Morning Joe' Hosts Add Radio to Routine". The New York Times.
- "Tom Brokaw is Joe & Mika's First Radio Guest". TV Newser. December 8, 2008.
- Hinckley, David (April 26, 2010). "Joe Scarborough and Mika Brzezinski take 'brief hiatus' from radio show to develop new program". Daily News (New York).
- "Rome wasn't burnt in a day". NBC News. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- Gillespie, Nick (July 12, 2009). "Book Review - 'The Last Best Hope - Restoring Conservatism and ...". New York Times. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- "Joe Scarborough’s on ‘The Right Path’". Daily Caller. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- "CNN 1998 Election Biography". Cnn.com. 1963-04-09. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "A coverup for a cause of Autism? - Morning Joe - MSNBC.com". MSNBC. 2005-06-22. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "Joe Scarborough and Susan Waren divorce in January 2013". tmz.com. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Campaign contributions made by Joe Scarborough
- OnTheIssues page for Congressional terms
- American Politics Journal
- Chris Matthews Interviews Joe Scarborough on Hardball 06/09/09
- Matt Lauer interviews Joe Scarborough on The Today Show 06/09/09