Joel Barnett, Baron Barnett

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Barnett
PC
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
In office
5 March 1974 – 4 May 1979
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Preceded by Tom Boardman
Succeeded by John Biffen
Member of Parliament
for Heywood and Royton
In office
15 October 1964 – 9 June 1983
Preceded by Tony Leavey
Succeeded by Constituency Abolished
Personal details
Born (1923-10-14)14 October 1923
Died 1 November 2014(2014-11-01) (aged 91)
Manchester
Political party Labour

Joel Barnett, Baron Barnett, PC (14 October 1923 – 1 November 2014), was a Labour Party politician. As Chief Secretary to the Treasury in the late 1970s, he devised the Barnett Formula that allocates public spending in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.[1]

Career[edit]

Barnett was born in Manchester, the son of a tailor, and was educated at Manchester Central High School.[2] He worked as an accountant. He was elected a councillor on Prestwich Borough Council 1956-1959 and was treasurer of Manchester Fabian Society.[2] Barnett stood in Runcorn in 1959 without success. He was elected Member of Parliament for Heywood and Royton in 1964. He was a member of the Public Accounts Committee from January 1966.

Barnett served as Chief Secretary to the Treasury from 1974 to 1979, gaining a seat in the cabinet from 1977 onwards, and was Denis Healey's right-hand man in the Callaghan Government. During this time he oversaw the devising of what is known as the Barnett Formula by which public spending is apportioned between England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. He subsequently joked about the strange and unexpected form of immortality that was accorded to him by "having his own formula". Following the Scotland Act 1998 and devolution, he argued that the Formula was unfair to the devolved regions and should be abandoned or revised.[3] He reiterated this view in 2014 shortly before the Scottish independence referendum, calling the Formula unsustainable and saying it had become an embarrassment.[4]

Barnett held the Chairmanship of the Public Accounts Committee from 1979-83. He published a memoir Inside the Treasury in 1982, describing his experience as chief secretary.[5] In 1983, Barnett's Commons seat having been abolished by boundary changes, he was made a life peer as Baron Barnett, of Heywood and Royton in Greater Manchester.[6] He served on select committees in the House of Lords including the European Union Committee, the Economic Affairs Committee and the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England.[1] He was appointed vice-chairman of the Board of Governors of the BBC by Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in 1986 and held the post until 1993.[5] He died on 1 November 2014, aged 91.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lord Barnett, creator of formula for UK spending allocations, dies, BBC News, 3 November 2014
  2. ^ a b "Lord Barnett - obituary", The Telegraph, 3 November 2014
  3. ^ Call for funding shake-up, BBC News, 22 June 2000
  4. ^ My funding formula for Scotland is a 'terrible mistake', Lord Barnett admits, The Telegraph, 16 September 2014
  5. ^ a b Lord Barnett obituary, The Guardian, 3 November 2014
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 49499. p. 13005. 5 October 1983.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Tony Leavey
Member of Parliament for Heywood and Royton
19641983
Constituency abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Tom Boardman
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
1974–1979
Succeeded by
John Biffen