Joel Hayward

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Joel Hayward
Professor Joel Hayward in 2014.JPG
Professor Joel Hayward in 2014.
Other names Shaykh Yusuf Moustafa Muhammad[1][2]
Born 27 May 1964
Christchurch, New Zealand
School or tradition Sunni Islam
Main interests war and strategy; Quranic (Islamic) concepts of war;[3] fiction; Islamic poetry.
Notable ideas Active in opposing terrorism and radicalisation
Major works Warfare in The Qur’an, Airpower and the Environment, Splitting the Moon, Stopped at Stalingrad, For God and Glory

Joel Hayward (born 1964) is a New Zealand-born British "noted scholar of war and strategy",[4] shaykh, writer and Muslim poet whom the daily newspaper Al Kaleej calls "a world authority on international conflict and strategy".[5] He is best known for his published books and articles on strategic and security matters, including the use of air power, his 2003 biography of Horatio Lord Nelson, and his writing and teaching on the Quranic (Islamic) concepts of war, strategy and conflict.[6][3]

In November 2012 he became full Professor of International and Civil Security at Khalifa University in Abu Dhabi and in 2013 he became Chair of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Khalifa. He also serves there as the Director of the Institute of International and Civil Security.[7] Earlier in 2012, he was a Senior Fellow at the Markfield Institute of Higher Education[8] and a Research Fellow of the Cambridge Muslim College.[9] His career highlights include having been Dean of the Royal Air Force College, Cranwell for five years (2007-2011), a Director of the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies think-tank for four years (2008-2012), and the academic Head of Air Power Studies at King's College London for six years (2005-2011). He is a Professor of Strategy at the Indonesian Defense University and he holds fellowships from the United States Air Force and the Federal Government of Germany.[10] He is a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Arts and the Royal Historical Society.[11] With the title of shaykh, he has earned ijazas in ʿAqīdah and Sirah.[7]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Joel Hayward was born on 27 May 1964 in Christchurch, New Zealand.[12]

Hayward developed an interest in Jewish history and the Hebrew language as a result of his maternal grandmother's Jewishness. He learned Hebrew and made trips to Israel and was a member of a national organization with both Jewish and Christian membership, The New Zealand Friends of Israel, Inc.[13]

Education at University of Canterbury[edit]

Bachelor of Arts[edit]

In 1988 Hayward enrolled with the University of Canterbury in Christchurch to pursue a Bachelor of Arts degree in Classics, which he received on 8 May 1991 with papers taken primarily in the Departments of History and Classics.[14]

In 1989, while pursuing his undergraduate studies, Hayward took part in founding an association called Opposition to Anti-Semitism Inc.(OAS), which he headed until 1991, when he left the group. While with OAS, Hayward published several newspaper and academic articles on anti-Semitism and became interested in the historiography of Holocaust denial.[15]

Master of Arts[edit]

Following the award of his B.A. In Classics, Hayward commenced a Master's Degree program at the University of Canterbury in 1991. He first considered a thesis topic in Ancient History, but was informed by faculty in the Classics Department that he would need to study another year of Greek and Latin first.[15] After consultation with Dr. Vincent Orange, a Reader (equivalent to Associate Professor)[16] in the History Department who became his thesis supervisor, Hayward settled on the topic of the historiography of Holocaust denial.[17] Hayward later stated that this topic combined three of his great interests: World War II, the German language, and Jewish history.[13] Besides his thesis, Hayward was also required for the M.A. degree to complete four honours papers, which he wrote during 1992. The four honours grades together constituted fully half of Hayward's master's program. All four papers underwent examination both internally and externally before their grades (an A-, two As, and an A+) were confirmed.[13]

Hayward's thesis was written in 1991, prior to his four honours papers,[13] with the conclusion written in early 1993.[18] Entitled The Fate of Jews in German hands: An Historical Enquiry into the Development and Significance of Holocaust Revisionism,[19] the thesis underwent examination by internal examiner Dr. Vincent Orange of University of Canterbury's History Department and external examiner Professor John Jensen of Waikato University before its grade of A+ was confirmed by Professor W. David McIntyre, Head of the University of Canterbury's History Department.[13]

Hayward's M.A. in History with First Class Honours was conferred on 7 May 1993.[13] His thesis was judged the best history thesis of his year and it won him the Sir James Hight Memorial Prize, awarded for "excellence",[20] and the honour of wearing the Philip Ross May Gown at the graduation ceremony.

Ph.D.[edit]

Awarded a scholarship, Hayward went on to pursue a Ph.D. degree, also at University of Canterbury, again under the supervision of Vincent Orange.[21] His topic was an analysis of German air operations during the eastern campaigns of World War II, based on unpublished German archival sources.[21] In 1994, the U.S. Air Force Historical Research Agency, located within the Air University at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, awarded him a research fellowship to conduct research for his dissertation in its archives. He subsequently received a research fellowship from the Federal Government of Germany which enabled him to conduct primary research in the German Military Archives in Freiburg, Germany.[22] Hayward was awarded his Ph.D. in 1996. His dissertation, Seeking the Philosopher's Stone: Luftwaffe Operations during Hitler's Drive to the East, 1942–1943[23] became the basis of his first book,[21] Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943.,[24] which was acclaimed upon its publication in 1998.[25]

Academic and professional career[edit]

Massey University[edit]

In June 1996 Hayward joined the History Department of Massey University (Palmerston North Campus) as a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in Defence and Strategic Studies,[26] receiving promotion to Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) in August 1999.[13] He specialized in the theoretical and conceptual aspects of modern warfare, airpower, joint doctrines, and manoeuvre warfare.[26] He continued in that position until June 2002.[27]

While at Massey, Hayward in 1999 was organizer of New Zealand's largest defence conference, held 21–22 August at Massey University's Turitea campus. The conference, entitled "Coalitions and Conflict — The Transition of Warfare 1899 to 1999 and Beyond," focused on coalition warfare and was jointly hosted by Massey University and the New Zealand Army's Military Studies Institute.[28] Hayward was conference convenor of Massey's third annual defence conference in August 2000, again co-hosted by the New Zealand Army, with discussion focusing on the trend towards integrating the three armed services (army, air force, and navy) under unified command.[29] Hayward also acted as editor of the conference proceedings, a book which took its title from the conference's theme: Joint Future? The Move to Jointness and Its Implications for the New Zealand Defence Force.[30]

From 1997 to 2004 he was also a lecturer at the Officer Cadet School of the New Zealand Army,[27] where he taught military history from Alexander the Great to the Balkan Wars,[26] and at the Command and Staff College of the Royal New Zealand Air Force,[27] where he taught airpower history and doctrine and supervised advanced research in military history.[26] During the same period he also taught strategic thought at the Royal New Zealand Naval College.[26][27] He also wrote academic articles for defence and strategic studies publications.[26]

Work in the United Kingdom[edit]

Hayward lived and worked in the United Kingdom from 2004 to 2012[27] first teaching strategy and operational art at the Joint Services Command and Staff College. In November 2005 he became the head of the newly created Air Power Studies Division, a specialist unit of Defence Studies academics established by the Royal Air Force and King's College London at the Royal Air Force College, Cranwell.[10][31] Hayward was appointed Dean of the RAF College, Cranwell in April 2007.[10] He was a Director of the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies, the Air Force's national thinktank. He was also a member of the CAS Air Power Workshop, a small and highly select working group of scholars and other theorists convened by the Chief of Air Staff (the head of the Royal Air Force.)

He holds fellowships from the United States Air Force and the Federal Government of Germany.[10] He is a member of the editorial advisory boards of the academic journals, Air Power Review and World War II Quarterly. Hayward now focuses mainly on ethical aspects of modern warfare. He teaches on air power concepts at various staff colleges and universities throughout Europe and in 2007 taught a course on "Air Power and Ethics" in Trondheim, Norway, to the Norwegian Air Force[32] On 13 May 2009 he was a keynote speaker at the 2009 Air Power Asia conference in Singapore, where he spoke on "Air Power And Ecology: Destruction Of Enemies But Not The Environment".[33] He convened an international academic conference on that subject — the environmental impact of modern air warfare — in August 2009.[34] In October 2010 he spoke at the Global Peace and Unity (GPU) conference in London, attended by 80,000 people, on the subject: "War & Ethics: The Compatibility of 'Western' and Islamic Thought", a subject (Qur'anic military ethics) he also published on during 2010, 2011 and 2012.

Hayward has given strategic advice to national political and military leaders in several countries, and has given policy advice to various Islamic sheikhs. He also tutored His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales.[35] In 2011 Hayward was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and in 2012 he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.[11]

Islam and anti-radicalisation[edit]

Joel Hayward (centre) with some attendees at the "Tackling Extremism Promoting Peace and Integration" Conference in Northampton on 24 July 2011.

A Muslim shaykh himself (who teaches at anti-extremism workshops),[36][37][38][39][40] Hayward embraced Islam in 2005.[35] His Arabic name is Yusuf Moustafa Muhammad.[41] He supports Muslims serving in the British armed forces[42] and is a member of the UK Armed Forces Muslim Association.[43] He has written regular politics-related columns in Emel and other Islamic magazines.[43] In an article critical of some ostensible Muslim anger seen online, Hayward describes himself as “a moderate and politically liberal revert who chose to embrace the faith of Islam because of its powerful spiritual truths, its emphasis on peace and justice, its racial and ethnic inclusiveness and its charitable spirit towards the poor and needy.” [44] In 2010, he wrote the Introduction to Shaykh Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri's Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings (London: Minhaj-ul-Quran International).[45] Hayward, who sharply criticizes all Islamic terrorism in the fatwa's introduction, shares Tahir-ul-Qadri's scholarly assessment "that regardless of any motives, terrorism can never be supported and is in fact condemned by the Holy Quran and the Sunnah."[4] In 2011 Qadri appointed Hayward to a senior role as his (and Minhaj-ul-Quran's) Strategic Policy Advisor.[4] Hayward also wrote and formally signed[46] the London Declaration, a Muslim public statement issued under the auspices of Minhaj-ul-Quran which unequivocally condemns all extremism and terrorism, ”because at the heart of all religions is a belief in the sanctity of the lives of the innocent.” [47] The Declaration adds: “The indiscriminate nature of terrorism, which has in recent years killed far more civilians and other non-combatants than it has combatants, is un-Islamic, un-Judaic, un-Christian and it is indeed incompatible with the true teachings of all faiths.” [47] The London Declaration also “unequivocally condemn[s] anti-Semitism (including when sometimes it is disingenuously clothed as anti-Zionism), Islamophobia (including when it is sometimes disingenuously dressed up as patriotism) and all other forms of racism and xenophobia.” [47]

In October 2013, Hayward won substantial damages in a successful libel case against the Mail on Sunday and the Daily Mail, which had originally criticised what it claimed were Hayward’s Islamic views whilst Dean of the RAF College. The Mail’s apology of 13 October 2013 stated: "On 7 and 8 August 2011 we suggested that the beliefs of Dr Joel Hayward, then the Dean of the RAF College Cranwell, prevented him from fulfilling his duty of impartiality and fairness as a teacher in the RAF" and had caused him "to show undue favouritism to Islamic students and spend too much time on Islamic activities. We now accept that these allegations are untrue. We apologise to Dr Hayward and have paid a substantial sum to him in damages." [48]

Work in the United Arab Emirates[edit]

In November 2012, Hayward became full Professor of International and Civil Security in Khalifa University's Institute for International and Civil Security.[7] In 2013 he became Chair of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Khalifa. He also serves there as the Director of the Institute of International and Civil Security.[7] With the title of shaykh, in 2014 he received two ijazas from Islamic scholar Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, head of the international Minhaj-ul-Quran movement.[7][2] Ijazas are the permission certificates or licenses used by Sunni shaykhs to indicate that they have authorized someone to transmit a certain topic of Islamic knowledge as a shaykh. Hayward also researches comparative religions and studies the scriptures of the three Abrahamic faiths in their original languages (Hebrew, Greek and Arabic).[49]

Controversy over M.A. thesis[edit]

Hayward's 1991 prize-winning M.A. thesis was submitted in 1993 yet was unavailable for public study until 1999. When it became available, it ignited controversy. Hayward was accused of advancing arguments which gave credence to Holocaust deniers.[50] In 2000, at the request of the New Zealand Jewish Council, the University of Canterbury convened a "Working Party" which issued a report admonishing the university for inadequately supervising Hayward's work.[51] The report found that Hayward's thesis "demonstrates impressive industry and intelligence" and did not "establish dishonesty" on his part, but it was also "seriously flawed".[52] Subsequent to the issuance of the Working Party's report, the university apologized to the New Zealand Jewish community, as Hayward also had earlier in the year.[53] Hayward has always repudiated the errors in his thesis, saying that they were the result of inadequate scholarly preparation for such a complex topic, but Holocaust deniers initially cited the thesis as evidence of academic support for their positions.[53] In 2000, Holocaust denier David Irving praised Hayward's work as a "landmark in the turning of the tide in the favour of historical revisionism".[12]

Despite these issues, Hayward clearly upholds the sound and accepted scholarly assessment of the Holocaust. In 2010 he described it as “one of history’s vilest crimes … involving the organised murder of millions of Jews”[54] and in 2011 he similarly wrote: “The Holocaust of the Jews in the Second World War, one of history’s vilest crimes, involved the organised murder of six million Jews by Germans and others who considered themselves Christians or at least members of the Christian value system.” [36]

Writing[edit]

Non-fiction[edit]

Hayward has authored or co-authored many peer reviewed journal articles pertaining to strategic matters, including "Stalingrad: An Examination of Hitler’s Decision to Airlift" which the U.S. Air Force published in both English and Spanish.[55] and "The Qur’an and War: Observations on Islamic Just War", published in the official RAF academic journal, Air Power Review, Vol. 13, No. 3, Autumn/Winter 2010, pp. 41–63.

Hayward is the author or editor of eight books of non-fiction, including Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943 (1998 and subsequent editions). An assessment of aerial warfare at the Battle of Stalingrad, Stopped at Stalingrad was acclaimed upon its release. The Readers Guide to Military History describes the book as "a magnificently researched study … [which] provides the best available account of the disastrous Stalingrad airlift." The book is "an advanced and exhaustive work that will become a standard in the field once it is better known."[56] It was favorably reviewed in, amongst other places, the Times Literary Supplement[57] and the journal War in History.[58]

Hayward's biography of naval commander Horatio Lord Nelson, For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (2003), likewise received positive notices,[59][60] with one reviewer recommending it as "a fascinating work of strategic philosophy. ... The result is surprisingly persuasive. [Its arguments] are thought-provoking and, in places, offer fresh ways of understanding what happened."[61]

The Press newspaper called his co-authored 2003 book on military leadership, Born to Lead "inspirational" and said that it is "a ground-breaking collection of essays."[62]

Hayward's 2009 book Air Power, Insurgency and the War on Terror was similarly praised. Reviewing it for The Journal of Military History, Michael Robert Terry "strongly" recommended it, noting that it provides "thought provoking reading" and "much needed critical thinking" on the complex utility of air power within counter-insurgency wars.[63]

The Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought's Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre in Amman, Jordan, published Hayward's book, Warfare in The Qur’an, in 2012.[64]

In 2013 the US Air Force published his edited book, Air Power and the Environment: the Ecological Implications of Modern Air Warfare. The Gulf Today newspaper called it "innovative" and a "ground-breaking book highlighting the environmental impact of the world’s air forces."[65]

Fiction and poetry[edit]

In 2003, Totem Press published Hayward's Jenny Green Teeth and Other Short Stories (which the Evening Standard reviewed as "superb ... Deep, brooding and intense. ... This is storytelling, and New Zealand fiction, at its best")[66] as well as a volume of poetry called Lifeblood (which the Evening Standard reviewed as "memorable and insightful").[67] Hayward once made both volumes available as free downloads through his website,[68][69] but now offers them through Amazon.com for the Kindle.

The Southern Ocean Review wrote of Jenny Green Teeth: "This is a stunning book of short stories, for their sheer variety and depth, and also strength of language. … Hayward writes with an eye to truth and justice and historical accuracy. It is up to us to know what to do with writing as superb as this. Can we learn?"[70] The Chaff reviewer wrote of Jenny Green Teeth: "Hayward's eclectic poetry reflects his enigmatic mind. ... His poems are passionate and full of rich images and exert a strong and dignified intelligence. Hayward exerts a courageous strength, rebelling against his past creative constraints, and in perhaps a flush of originality and ambitious flair, has achieved a work of art."[71]

Hayward has continued to publish poems steadily over the years, including, recently, in Damazine[72] and Contemporary World Literature,[73] and his second major collection of poems ― titled Splitting the Moon: A Collection of Islamic Poetry ― was published by Kube in April 2012.[74] The Muslim News reviewer wrote: "Joel Hayward is a very skilful and gifted poet whose way with words is impressive. His poems are easy to understand, highly pertinent and equally spiritually profound. ... They also provide a powerful commentary on the social, political, moral and religious challenges and difficulties currently facing Muslims and non-Muslims alike. ... [Hayward] is able to blend the personal, emotional, spiritual and existential dimensions of human experience, and do so without in any way over-playing or undermining any aspect. This is a very rare skill for a poet to possess.”[75] In 2012 Hayward published a mini-book, No Lamp in the Cave: Three Islamic Short Stories.

Bibliography[edit]

Journal articles (selection)[edit]

This is a selection of Hayward's peer-reviewed articles.

Books[edit]

Non-Fiction[edit]

Fiction and poetry[edit]

Works-in-progress[edit]

Book Chapter[edit]

  • (2008). "The Luftwaffe’s Agility: An assessment of Relevant Concepts and Practices" in Neville Parton, editor, Air Power: The Agile Air Force. Royal Air Force. HMSO. ISBN 0-9552189-1-8. pp. 40–49.
  • (2009). "Air Power: The Quest to remove Battle from War" in John Buckley and George Kassimeris, editors, The Ashgate Companion to Modern Warfare. London: Ashgate, 2009. ISBN 978-0-7546-7410-8. pp. 49–72.
  • (2013). "Warfare in the Qur’an" in HRH Prince Ghazi bin Muhammad, Ibrahim Kalin and Mohammad Hashim Kamali, editors, War and Peace in Islam: The Uses and Abuses of Jihad (Amman: Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre / Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought), pp. 28–56.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cambridgemuslimcollege.org/testimonials/research-fellows
  2. ^ a b "Joel Hayward Biography on Amazon.com". Amazon.com. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Rough Guide to Islamic Rules of War". IRIN: Humanitarian News and Analysis. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "The Nation, 17 March 2011, p. 15". Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  5. ^ "Professor at Khalifa University publishes Book on the Effects of Airpower on the Environment (Arabic)". Al-Khaleej (Arabic language), 11 February 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "Pakistan Today, 17 March 2011". Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Khalifa University: Prof Joel Hayward". kustar.ac.ae. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  8. ^ "Instructors, Journey through the Quran". British Academy of Qur'anic Studies. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Cambridge Muslim College: Research Fellows". cambridgemuslimcollege.org. Retrieved 2012-11-02. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Dr. Joel Hayward." King's College London website. Accessed 6 February 2011.
  11. ^ a b "Prof. Joel Hayward". Khalifa University. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Scanlon, Sean. (20 May 2000). "Making history." The Press (Christchurch). Archived at the Nizkor Project. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Hayward, Joel. (2003). "My overview of 'The Canterbury affair.'" Joel Hayward's Old Website. Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  14. ^ Joel Hayward Working Party. (20 December 2000). Report to the Council of The University of Canterbury. University of Canterbury, p. 5.
  15. ^ a b Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 6.
  16. ^ Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 12.
  17. ^ Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 6-7.
  18. ^ Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 67.
  19. ^ Hayward, Joel. (1993). "The Fate of Jews in German Hands: An Historical Enquiry into the Development and Significance of Holocaust Revisionism." Thesis (M.A.). University of Canterbury, 1993. See here for more information.
  20. ^ http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/Scholarships/prize_regs/Hight%20Memorial.Regs.pdf
  21. ^ a b c Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 26.
  22. ^ Hayward, Joel S.A. (1997). "Stalingrad: An Examination of Hitler’s Decision to Airlift." Airpower Journal 11(1): 21–37. Spring 1997. Author note, also at [1]
  23. ^ Hayward, Joel. (1996). Seeking the Philosopher's Stone: Luftwaffe Operations during Hitler's Drive to the East, 1942–1943. Ph.D. thesis. University of Canterbury, 1996.
  24. ^ Hayward, Joel. (1998). Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943.> Modern War Studies series. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-1146-0.
  25. ^ Charles Messenger, ed., Readers Guide to Military History (Chicago, Il: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001) describes the book as "a magnificently researched study … [which] provides the best available account of the disastrous Stalingrad airlift." The book is "an advanced and exhaustive work that will become a standard in the field once it is better known." (pp. 740, 765)
  26. ^ a b c d e f Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 27.
  27. ^ a b c d e Joel Hayward's Books and Articles (official website). Accessed on 2007-06-20.
  28. ^ Massey University. (13 August 1999). "Conference to contribute to defence debate." Massey News Archive. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  29. ^ Massey University. (11 September 2000). "Defence conference timely." Massey News Archive. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  30. ^ Hayward, Joel S.A., ed. (2000). A Joint Future? The Move to Jointness and its Implications for the New Zealand Defence Force. Massey University, Centre for Defence Studies.
  31. ^ "Staff at RAF Cranwell." King's College London website. Accessed 18 June 2007.
  32. ^ "Trondheim inviterer til sikkerhetspolitiske temadager 16.-17. oktober på Luftkrigsskolen." Youth Atlantic Treaty Association. Retrieved on 2008-12-29.
  33. ^ http://www.airpowerasia.com/ShowEvent.aspx?id=166306&details=176702&langtype=1033
  34. ^ http://www.airpowerstudies.co.uk/august09conference.htm
  35. ^ a b "Prof Joel Hayward: Convert to Islam. Defence & Security Scholar and Poet". 1stWitness. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  36. ^ a b "Hayward, J., "Qur’anic Concepts of the Ethics of War: Challenging the Claims of Islamic Aggressiveness", Cordoba Foundation Occasional Paper (Series 2. April 2011), p. 23". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  37. ^ ""Author Bio", Experts at Think Africa Press". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  38. ^ "Tackling Extremism Workshop, Sheffield Hilton, 25 February 2011". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  39. ^ "Tackling Extremism Workshop, London, 9 June 2011". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  40. ^ "MYL UK holds Fatwa Workshop". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  41. ^ http://www.cambridgemuslimcollege.org/testimonials/research-fellows
  42. ^ Taneja, Poonam (21 February 2011). "UK's Muslim soldiers "fighting extremists not Muslims". BBC Asian Network. Retrieved 14 March 2011. 
  43. ^ a b Hayward bio details on the website, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London
  44. ^ ""The Value of Restraint", by Dr Joel Hayward, The Invitation: Islamic Community Magazine, March-April 2011, p. 22, re-published online at http://xeniagreekmuslimah.wordpress.com". Retrieved 2011-10-08. 
  45. ^ "Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings". Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  46. ^ Sign The Declaration
  47. ^ a b c "London Declaration for Global Peace and Resistance against Extremism". Retrieved 2011-10-05. 
  48. ^ "Corrections and clarifications". London: Mail on Sunday. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  49. ^ http://www.kustar.ac.ae/page.php?module=pages&slug=prof-joel-hayward&mref=mobile
  50. ^ Walsh, Rebecca (22 December 2000). "A-plus equals anger for Jewish groups". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  51. ^ Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, §5, pp. 64-69.
  52. ^ Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 2 and §6.1, p. 70.
  53. ^ a b Jones, Jeremy. (26 December 2000). "New Zealand school apologizes for Holocaust denial thesis." Jerusalem Post (retrieved from highbeam.com). Retrieved on 2007-06-18. "Earlier this year, Hayward, who is now a senior lecturer in defense and strategic studies at Massey University, apologized to the Jewish community, saying that he now disagrees strongly with his paper. [...] The university's vice chancellor, Daryl Le Grew, apologized to the Jewish community but said the university had no power to revoke the granting of the degree."
  54. ^ "Hayward, J., "The Qur’an and War: Observations on Islamic Just War", Air Power Review, Vol. 13. No. 3 (2010), p. 45.". Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  55. ^ Airpower Journal, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 21-, AFRP 10-1, Spring 1997
  56. ^ Charles Messenger, ed., Readers Guide to Military History (Chicago, Il: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001), pp. 740, 765.
  57. ^ Omer Bartov, The Times Literary Supplement, 23 Oct 1998, no. 4986 p. 12(2): "Hayward makes a convincing case"
  58. ^ Overy, Richard. "Stopped at Stalingrad (Book Review)." War in History 8(1): 123–125, Jan. 2001.
  59. ^ Seamon, Richard. (2003-10)."For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (Book)." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 129(10): 114.
  60. ^ Hattendorf, John B. (2004-01). "For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (Book)." Journal of Military History 68(1): 252–253.
  61. ^ Colin White, The Mariner’s Mirror: The Journal of the Society for Nautical Research, November 2003.
  62. ^ The Press, 6 September 2003.
  63. ^ The Journal of Military History, Vol. 74, No. 3 (July 2010), pp. 988-990.
  64. ^ "Joel Hayward, " Warfare in the Qur’an". English Monograph Series — Book No. 14. (Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan 2012).". Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  65. ^ a b Staff Reporter. "Book on World’s Air Forces Released". The Gulf Today. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  66. ^ Evening Standard, May 9, 2003.
  67. ^ Evening Standard, May 9, 2003: "Memorable and insightful... Thumbs up for Hayward's work"
  68. ^ Hayward, Joel. (2003) Jenny Green Teeth and other short stories. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Totem Press.
  69. ^ Hayward, Joel, (2003). Lifeblood (A Book of Poems). Palmerston North, New Zealand: Totem Press.
  70. ^ Southern Ocean Review, Issue 27 (12 April 2003).
  71. ^ Chaff, 14 July 2003, p. 23.
  72. ^ “The Six at Thawr”, Damazine, Summer 2011)
  73. ^ “Zuhr Prayer in Peterborough”, Contemporary World Literature, Issue 7 (May/June 2011)
  74. ^ a b Splitting the Moon at kitaabun.com
  75. ^ Muhammad Khan. "Book Review: Refreshing and Insightful Collection of Muslim Poetry". The Muslim News, 27 April 2012. 
  76. ^ Splitting the Moon at Kube Publishing

External links[edit]